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Large Blue Alkanet


Large Blue Alkanet
Photo Information
Copyright: philippe hornus (amanengone) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 186 W: 50 N: 403] (1968)
Genre: Plants
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2009-06-14
Categories: Flowers
Camera: Olympus E 30, ZUIKO DIGITAL ED 50 mm 1:2.0, Sandisk Ultra II 8GB
Exposure: f/8, 1/320 seconds
Photo Version: Original Version, Workshop
Date Submitted: 2009-06-14 16:40
Viewed: 3476
Points: 6
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note [French]
The plant:

Anchusa italica , Retz. 1779 , Anchusa azurea, Mill. 1768

English : Garden Anchusa, Italian Bugloss, Large Blue Alkanet
German : Italienische Ochsenzunge
Spannish : Buglossa blava, Llengua bovina, Lengua de bue, Lenguaza
Italian : Buglossa azzurra, Lingua di bue, Lingua di manzo, Buglossa-volgare
Greek : Άνχουσα η γαλάζια
Arab :
French : Bourrache bâtarde, Fausse bourrache, Langue-de-boeuf, Langue-d'oie, Buglosse azurée, Buglosse d'Italie

Division : Magnoliophyta
Class : Magnoliopsida
Sub-Class : Asteridae
Order : Lamiales
Family : Borraginaceae
Sub-family :
Tribe :
Genus : Anchusa
Species : Anchusa italica (synonym : Anchusa azurea)


Phyllogenetic classification:

Clade : Angiospermes
Clade : Dicotyledones vraies
Clade : Asteridae
Clade : Lamiideae
Clade : Borraginaceae


Ethymology:

Comes from the Greek word meaning "face make-up paint" since of a particular red dye extracted from the roots. Such a name was already by Aristofanes and Xenofon, (400 BC).

Protection status:

Included in the national inventory of natural heritage. Taxon unprotected.

Origin and location:

South, Central and Western Europe. West Asia, North Africa, Madeira.

Ecology:

Fields and hills, areas of limestone and stony preference. This plant does not rises in altitude (other bugloss do), it frequently lives on the edge of cultivated fields

General Description:

False Borrago is a perennial plant, stems erect and with numerous ramifications, herbaceous plant type.

The rhizomatous root is replaced after several years by new roots. For many, the ramifications of the underground stem still attached to roots, which ensures the sustainability of the plant.

The stem is derived branched more or less extensively and, like the leaves, provided with hairs not more or less dense.

The leaves are like alternate, simple, entire or shortly undulated on the edges. The lower leaves are reduced in petioles while the upper leaves don't have the petiol. The nervation is simple, with a single midrib Central.

Flowering takes place from April to July, depending on the region.

The blue flowers, flower petals and five Attached are grouped at the ends of branches. Sepals, five in number are dark green, strongly ribbed and relatively narrow, sharp and are independent of each other. The blue petals most often are related to each other. The petals bear scales projecting filamentary cut into strips,

Pollination is entomophilous. Sexuality is hermaphrodite.

The fruit is a achenes of four parties Tetrade), each containing one seed (although there are five carpels almost systematically, one abortion). Seed dispersal is épizoochore (for transport after attachment to the fur or feathers of animals or birds)

Uses and characteristics

Danger of the plant: a plant that is moderately toxic (it contains a toxic alkaloid, the Cynoglossine)

Culinary uses:

Parties harvested: Flowers and young leaves,

Flood flowers are used for decoration in green salads or used more rrrement garnish. The young leaves and young flower buds can be cooked and used as garnish or as a vegetable accompaniment. In Tunisia, the leaves go into soups.

Medicinal Uses:

The medicinal uses are many: anti tussif, depurative, anti perspirants, anti diuretic and anti.

Other Uses: Use as root extracts of red dye and the flowers are very attractive to honey and bees.

Sources :

1._ Botanique – Encyclopédie de la Pléiade
2._ Guinochet – Notions fondamentales de botanique générale
3._ Bonnier – Grande Flore Illustrée – Tome 4 page 786 – Illustration planche , numéro 416.
4._ Bonnier et De Layens – Flore complète portative de la France, de la Suisse et de la Belgique. Page 221 – Version numérisée : http://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/spa/Libro.php?Libro=2890

5._ Coste – Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France, de la Corse et des contrées limitrophes - Page 584 , tome 2, Taxon 2555.


http://www.tela-botanica.org/
http://www.tela-botanica.org/eflore/BDNFF/4.02/nn/4453/synthese

http://sophy.u-3mrs.fr/sophy.htm
http://sophy.u-3mrs.fr/photohtm/SI1344.HTM

http://inpn.mnhn.fr/isb/index.jsp
http://inpn.mnhn.fr/isb/servlet/ISBServlet?action=Espece&typeAction=10&pageReturn=ficheEspeceDescription.jsp&numero_taxon=82380

http://garrigue-gourmande.fr/

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buglosse d'Italie
http://www.plant-pictures.de/
http://plantes.sauvages.free.fr/pages_plantes/index.html
http://www.botanique.org/

http://www.maltawildplants.com/BORG/Anchusa_italica.php
(one of the best for informations on mediterranean plants)


La camera:

Camera : Olympus E-30
Objectif : Zuiko macro 50mm
Ouverture : f/8
Vitesse : 1/320
Priorité ouverture
Temps ensoleillé
Heure : 15h26 TU
ISO – 200

Le cliché:

Taille initiale : 4032 x 3024 px
Format : Raw ,orf
Résolution : 314ppp x 314 ppp
Profondeur : 24
Couleur : sRGB
Format final : 800 x 600 jpg
Traitement d'image dans Olympus Studio
Recadrage, modification gamma, saturation et netteté. Encadrement dans Corel Photopaint,

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Critiques [Translate]

Hi Philippe

Beautiful blue flower. Good composition. Great sharpness, DOf and details

Chris

Hola philippe

Vaya que color azul mas intenso, bonita imagen.

Los puntos blancos de las hojas, son asi o han salido al mejorar la nitidez????

Un saludo Antonio

Bonjour Philippe,
Très belle macro dans un cadrage parfait.
A bientôt sur TN pour de nouvelles aventures.
Gérard

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