|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|The Black Rhinoceros or Hook-lipped Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis), browsing leaves with its hooked upper lip.|
For most of the 20th century the continental black rhino was the most numerous of all rhino species. Around 1900 there were probably several hundred thousand living in Africa. During the latter half of the 20th century their numbers were severely reduced from an estimated 70,000 in the late 1960s to only 10,000 to 15,000 in 1981. In the early 1990s the number dipped below 2,500, and in 2004 it was reported that only 2,410 black rhinos remained. According to the International Rhino Foundation, the total African population has recovered to 4240 by 2008 (which suggests that the 2004 number was low). In 2002 only 10 West African Black Rhinos remained in Cameroon, and in 2006 intensive surveys across its putative range failed to locate any, leading to fears that this subspecies is extinct,though it is maintained as Critically Endangered by the IUCN.
The only rhino that has recovered somewhat from the brink of extinction is the southern white whose numbers now are estimated around 14,500, up from fewer than 50 in the first decade of the 20th Century.
The Black Rhinoceros has been pushed to the brink of extinction by illegal poaching for their horn, and to a lesser extent by loss of habitat. A major market for rhino horn has historically been in the Middle East to make ornately carved handles for ceremonial daggers called jambiyas. Demand for these exploded in the 1970s causing the Black Rhinoceros population to decline 96% between 1970 and 1992. The horn is also used in traditional Chinese medicine, and is said by herbalists to be able to revive comatose patients, cure fevers, and aid male sexual stamina and fertility.The purported effectiveness of the use of rhino horn in treating any illness has not been confirmed by medical science.
CeltickRanger, eqshannon, Adanac has marked this note useful
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Beautiful photo and very interesting note.
it is a great portrait shot of the Black Rhinoceros
with a beautiful eye-contact of the subject,
with great focus sharpness and details, TFS
Thank you for this excellent photo and note. Black rhino are being ruthlessly killed in South Africa by greedy and cruel people. Some have been re-introduced near here where I live and fortunately we have not had any killings...so far. I think the world should be made aware that rhino horn has no medicinal or sexually enhancing properties. As for the use of the horn as decorative dagger handles...once again a massive education campaign is required so that that market can also disappear.
The black rhino has poor eyesight and is an extremely dangerous animal. It will summarily charge at anything that moves near it, while the white rhino is much more docile. Actually, the grass-grazing white rhino is not white. The name comes from its wide lip as aginst the pointed lip of the leaf-eating black rhino. So the real name should be "wide rhino" but everyone calls it "white rhino". Best wishes.
I had only heard of these but not seen. So this is an excellent first for me.Thanks for posting your image done in such good technique and well noted. It is quite the beast Tom.
Very Nice shot indeed my friend,
- [2011-05-03 18:29]
Splendid image and notes of this magnificent creature tom, it must be an amazing feeling when you see them in the wild.