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Moroccan Pararge

Moroccan Pararge
Photo Information
Copyright: Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2011-07-13
Categories: Insects
Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC HX1
Exposure: f/8, 1/4000 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2011-07-19 2:52
Viewed: 4009
Favorites: 1 [view]
Points: 68
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Class: Insecta

Order: Lepidoptera

(unranked): Rhopalocera

Superfamily: Papilionoidea

Family: Nymphalidae

Subfamily: Satyrinae

Tribe: Elymniini

Subtribe: Parargina

Genus: Pararge

Species: P. aegeria

The Speckled Wood (Pararge aegeria) is a butterfly found in and on the borders of woodland throughout much of Europe. In Northern and Eastern Europe where subspecies P. a. tircis occurs it is brown with pale yellow or cream spots and darker upperwing eyespots. In southwestern Europe the subspecies P. a. aegeria has a colour which is more orange in the background; the hindwing underside eyespots are reddish brown rather than black or dark gray. The two forms gradually intergrade into each other. The speckled wood also occurs in North Africa and on the Atlantic island of Madeira. Molecular studies suggest that the African and Madeiran populations are closely related and distinct from European populations of both subspecies, suggesting that Madeira was colonized from Africa and that the African population has a long history of isolation from European populations.
Females have brighter and more distinct markings than males. The wingspan of both males and females is 4–4.5 cm, although males tend to be slightly smaller than females. Males are highly territorial and will defend their territory against intruding males. For finding females, there exist 2 basic strategies: Some males will vigorously defend a perch and the immediate surroundings, waiting for females to pass by. Others will patrol a larger territory.
Males have either 3 or 4 upper hindwing eyespots. The fourth spot shows only in flight. It appears that the 4-spotted morph tends towards patrolling behaviour to finds mates. This agrees with the probable function of the eyespots to entice predators like birds to aim for the wing margin (which may be damaged without much affecting the butterfly) rather than the body. On the other hand, habitat is apparently a major factor influencing mate-finding strategy: perching behavior is more common in males of conifer woodland, whereas males of meadows tend towards patrolling behavior.
The caterpillar is green with a short, forked tail and feeds on various species of grass including Yorkshire Fog. The chrysalis (pupa) is green or dark brown. The species is unique in its ability to overwinter in two totally separated developmental stages, as pupae or as half-grown larvae. This leads to a complicated pattern of several adult flights per year.

Satiro di media grandezza (apertura alare 40-50 mm), con colore di fondo giallo-arancio e disegni scuri a scacchiera. Superiormente, le ali anteriori presentano un piccolo ocello apicale, le posteriori tre ocelli forniti di pupilla. Le parti inferiori hanno disegni confusi su di un fondo giallo-verdastro. Sessi simili, a parte la vistosa macchia androconiale dei maschi.

Sverna allo stadio larvale (talvolta anche come pupa) e da marzo inizia una serie di generazioni che si protraggono fino ad ottobre. Il bruco è verde-giallastro con una banda medio-dorsale verde-scura e due appendici anali bianche; sue piante nutrici sono Graminacee di vario genere (Agropyron, Dactylis, Poa, Triticum ecc.). Le crisalidi sono di tipo sospeso.

Distribuzione ed ecologia
Il suo areale si estende dall'Europa all'Asia centrale; presente anche in Nordafrica ed Asia Minore. In Europa è diffusa ovunque, tranne Scandinavia settentrionale, ed è in espansione nelle isole britanniche. Specie comune nel comprensorio, particolarmente legata ad ambienti ombrosi o umidi, come prati prospicienti a bacini lacustri.

maurydv, soccer, jlinaresp, cobra112, anel, PaulLees, Miss_Piggy, bungbing, joska, ramthakur, maaciejka, buscape, paolo49, siggi, pegos, Noisette, jurek1951, uleko, marius-secan, Dis. Ac., jaycee, BREARD, CeltickRanger has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To Noisette: ....lousat 1 07-19 14:25
To jlinaresp: ehehelousat 1 07-19 04:15
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Critiques [Translate]

Like a fairytale from the past, fill with romance and intrigue
Luciano Gollini! You are more than a great photographer! Bravo!
George Veltchev

Ciao Luciano,
prima di tutto bentornato dalle vacanze; una splendida macro di maschio di Pararge aegeria aegeria, la sottospecie normalmente presente anche in Italia, di colore più arancione, anche se già nel Nord Italia tende ad essere più marrone, eccellente nitidezza, bellissimi e delicati colori, perfetta la composizione
Grazie e complimenti
Buona giornata
Ciao Maurizio

Hello Luciano
Fantastic photo with excellent composition and impressive sharpness. The colours and the lighting are fantastic.


A great POV and lighting in the image. ?I like the composition, sharpness, detail, DOF, BG and colours displayed.

Ciao Luciano,
Questa è una foto con una gestione della luce mozzafiato. Complimenti, anche il POV è perfetto per osservare ogni dettaglio di questa bella farfalla. Come vi piace la specie del mio paese, mi piace guardare le farfalle che avete in Italia!. Grazie per la condivisione!
Cordiali saluti,

Ciao e bentornato. Caspita che dettaglio e nitidezza! Eccellente profondità con bellissimi colori naturali.


  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2011-07-19 4:29]

Hello Luciano,
Excellent photo in very beautiful contrasting colours and fantastic sharpness and details. Great POV, centred composition and BG.

  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2011-07-19 4:34]

Bonjour Luciano,
Plaisir de te voir de retour! Un petit détour par le Maroc peut offrir de belles occasions au photographe et je vois que ta première image est déjà une belle réussite. Image simple et avec un impact visuel certain avec ce magnifique jeu de couleurs. Bien vu davvero!

Ciao Luciano,

Fabulous capture of this beautiful Butterfly my friend, superb detailed sharpness as usual, splendid exposure/white balance control with lovely colours, great work here Luciano Bravo!... and have a nice day,
Best regards,


Hallo Luciano
What a delightful photograph with lots of beautiful colours and details on the butterfly’s wings. I fancy the full framed centralized composition and the very close point of view, further I also fancy the flowers on which the insect is not only resting, but which also forms a natural frame in the image. Like always the camerawork is of high quality and a pleasure to look at and enjoy. Thanks for sharing. Best regards.

  • Great 
  • nagraj Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1618 W: 106 N: 3208] (15166)
  • [2011-07-19 5:10]

Beautiful species and good image, nice colors and details, the blue flowers are bonus. tfs.

  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2011-07-19 5:29]

Hello Luciano,
thanks for commenting my film shot. Youre the first and I really appreciate.
This shot is really exciting in lovely contrast.
Lively color and nice pattern from the top.


Hello Luciano,
Excellent sharp picture of this butterfly, beautiful details and colours on its wings, very good point of view and composition, very well captured,
Thanks for sharing and have a nice afternoon,
Best Regards,

  • Great 
  • joska Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 806 W: 0 N: 4092] (22535)
  • [2011-07-19 6:28]

Hi Luciano,
It is a perfect photo of this PARARGE AEGERIA, TFS!

Ciao Luciano, bentornato, gran bella marocchina, meglio di Rubi, e te lo dice Silvio, ottima macro con splendida nitidezza e magnifici colori, gran bella giovincella, bravo, ciao Silvio

Ciao Luciano,
Ben tornato e grazie per condividere queste bellezze marocchine!
Colori e tinte stupende, grande lo stacco con lo sfondo nero. Super la nitidezza.

Brilliant, super, marvellous, Luciano!
Apparently, you are holidaying in Morocco. Have great fun!
And thanks for sharing this gem from your trip.

Hi Luciano,
excellent contrast between colours! Amazing point of view. Very good sharpness. Nice composition.
Thanks for sharing,

Hello Luciano,
fine capture of this lovely butterfly with perfect sharpness and many details. I especially like its pose on the flower with its wings wide open. Well chosen POV and beautiful colours.
Best wishes,

Ciao Luciano altra grande performance dell'accoppiata Luciano - Sony. Una splendida immagine sia dal lato compositivo che dal lato tecnico, che dal lato post produzione. Un'altra grande foto. Un saluto, Paolo

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2011-07-19 10:11]

Hello Luciano.
Wonderful spread wing shot of this Speckled Wood.The colours are well saturated and the textures and patterns are excellent.The focus and sharpness are very good.A super POV.Best regards Siggi

hello Luciano
great sharpness and beautiful colours
theflowers are also beautiful
thanks greeting lou

Excellent detailed photo of a perfect specimen. regards yiannis

  • Great 
  • pegos Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 222 W: 0 N: 356] (1982)
  • [2011-07-19 12:30]

Ciao Luciano,
splendida questa immagine dai colori brillanti molto gradevoli,
ottima nitidezza e dettaglio, molto bella la composizione.
Uno scatto decisamente riuscito
PS la sony va alla grande!
Sinceri complimenti

bonjour Luciano
cette image est fantastique ! les couleurs sont vraiment superbes grace à la douce couleur pourpre de la fleur, la pose du papiloon et le point de vue sont parfaites, j'aime le fond noir et le cadrage
merci et bonne nuit

Hi Luciano,
A beautiful butterfly and the capture is also excellent. Very nice colors, details, POV and composition.

Tout simplement magnifique.

Amitiés - Serge

Hi Luciano, this is a beautiful shot of this butterfly. Outstanding work on your part. Thanks so much for your comment. Have a great day, Bill

  • Great 
  • cirano Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 997 W: 0 N: 944] (13609)
  • [2011-07-20 11:08]

Hello Luciano,
Excellent macro shot with very nice composition and splendid colors.The POV,sharpness and details are wonderful...
Have a nice day!...

  • Great 
  • uleko Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3396 W: 172 N: 3310] (10940)
  • [2011-07-20 11:35]

Hello Luciano,
This is a brilliant capture showing this lovely butterfly sharply in focus on the pretty mauve flower. Wonderful colours and well framed.
TFS and best wishes, Ulla

Hello Luciano,
A wonderful image with amazing clarity, very nice colors and lovely composition. The contrast and focus are perfect aas usual.
Thanks for sharing!

una splendida farfalla che non ho avuto la possibilita' ancora di fotografarla, ottimi i dettagli e la maf, contrasto fortissimo nel fotogramma per via dello sfondo, complimenti Luciano, spero che Silvio non ti ha contaggiato, ... una farfalla al giorno ... toglie lo stress d'intorno,

ciao e buona serata,


Hi Luciano,

an vey nice one.
Razor sharpness with good detailed and pov.
Fine colors.


  • Great 
  • jaycee Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2454 W: 10 N: 8044] (25460)
  • [2011-07-31 12:04]

Hi Luciano,

Picture perfect! This beautiful Speckled Wood on the gorgeous flowers surrounded by the black background is sensational. The colors, details and composition combine to create a work of art. Can you tell I love it?


Hello Luciano

Excellent photo of this butterfly, with fine POV
from the back to show its beautiful patterns
and color tones, beautiful light, great focus,
sharpness, details, and contrast, TFS


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