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Just hanging in there....


Just hanging in there....
Photo Information
Copyright: Candice Botha (Dece) (19)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2012-12-22
Categories: Mammals
Exposure: f/5.6, 1/200 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2013-01-17 0:42
Viewed: 2942
Points: 4
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Photo was taken at Letaba Rest Camp in the Kruger National Park! What amazing creatures!

Epauletted Fruit Bats are a common species in parts of the southern African subregion.

The males are considerably larger than the females . Adult males measure about 15cm in total length and with a mass of between 105g and 140g. Females have an approximate length of 12cm and a mass of 76g.

The colour of the body is very variable and although the upper parts are a brownish-buff, they may be pale buff or even off-white in colour. The under parts are lighter in colour and the males have a collar of russet brown hair.

Both sexes have a white patch at the base of their funnel-shaped ears. Only males have the white epauletts on the shoulders. These are sunken glandular pouches in the skin covered with white hairs. When under stress, when vocalising or under sexual stimulus, these pouches are everted, and the long white hair (which may be 9mm long) forms the conspicuous rosettes.

Habits

They are gregarious, occurring in colonies numbering up to several hundred individuals. During the day they hang up by their feet, slightly spaced out from each other, on the thinner branches of evergreen trees where the foliage provides sufficient cover. The colonies are very noisy, the males vocalising with a repeated musical bark which is mainly uttered when hanging. There is much bickering in the colonies.

Food

There food consists almost entirely of fruit - either wild or from orchards. While feeding on small fruits, they maintain their position on the outside of the canopy by wing flapping, pluck the fruit with their teeth and then fly with it to a nearby feeding site. They are wasteful feeders and the ground under the feeding site is littered with the discarded skins and pips and smalll bundled of chewed pulp.

Reproduction

Gavid females have been found from late July to March. The peak is in August. A single young is produced and these are born with their eyes closed, with a sparse covering of hair. In the early stages of development they attach themselves on to one of the female's nipples, clinging to her body with their feet. When they grow too large to carry in flight, she will leave them hanging from a bronch while she searches for food. Twins, although rare, do sometimes occur.

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Critiques [Translate]

Hallo Candice
Ek hoop jy is Afrikaans sprekend en dat ek nou nie 'n boo-boo maak om met jou Afrikaans te praat en eintlik is jy Engels nie. Indien dit die geval is laat my weet en ek skryf vir jou in Engels.

Ek het nog nie die geleentheid gehad om jou welkom te heet by Trek Nature nie, maar ek het al na jou fotos gekyk. Die rede hoekom ek vir jou in Afrikaans skryf is omdat ek graag vir jou bietjie "tips" oor die webtuiste wil gee maar in my eie taal, en ek hoop nie jy sien dit as voorbarig nie. Ek kan my egter nie indink dat jy dit so sal ervaar nie want wat ek in jou intro gelees het is dat jy 'n bewondering en 'n dankbaarheid het teenoor die Skepper en alles in die natuur wat Hy vir ons gegee het, en 'n persoon wat sy of haar oortuigings so uitspreek het ek net respek voor.

Daar is nie veel wat ek wil s sonder om jou die skrik op die lyf te jaag nie. Jou fotos is mooi en keurig aangebied en getuig van goeie smaak, maar as jy wil h meer mense moet jou kamera werk besigtig en waardeer sal jy hulle bewus moet maak van jou want mense vergeet baie maklik van jou fotos as dit van die eerste bladsy af verdwyn. Jy moet dus ook op ander mense se fotos gaan kritiek lewer, en sodoende sal hul nuuskierig raak om ook na jou goed toe te gaan. Ek het gesien dat jy nog nie begin het om kritiek te lewer nie.

Wat ek wel by hierdie spesifieke foto gesien het is die baie interessante nota wat jy bygevoeg het en dit is iets wat mede lede baie na let. Baie van die lede besoek glad nie 'n foto as daar nie 'n nota by is nie, maar nie saak hoe goed die foto is nie. Jy kan 20 kritieke per dag skryf.

Vra gerus as daar enige iets is waaroor jy sekerheid wil kry. Jy hoef dit nie op die manier te doen soos ek dit nou gedoen het nie, maar jy kan net op my profiel ingaan en by die Contact Me sal jy die geleentheid kry om 'n briefie vir my te stuur en niemand anders sal dit kan lees soos wat dit nou hier die geval is nie.

Net 'n klein waarskuwing: Daar is 'n handjievol lede wat nie sal skroom om jou foto uitmekaar te skeur met hul negatiewe kritiek nie. Sien dit net oor en moenie dit persoonlik opvat nie, want dan gaan dit glad nie meer lekker wees vir jou hier rond nie.

Jou foto van die vlermuis is baie goed en ek hou van die manier waarop jy dit afgeneem het. Dit wys al die vlermuis se besonderhede van baie naby en baie duidelik.

Vriendelike groete
Anna

Hi Dece,
I see you've taken some of my advice. All though I've introduced you to TN I still want to welcome you to this wonderful sight. Hope you will enjoy it as much as I do. I haven't placed much lately but that is because I have some problems with my e-mail at home. Hopefully I will be able to place some this weekend. Now we have to get your mom and Allen also to join TN.
You can take the good advice from my good friend Miss Piggy(Anna Eksteen) because if it was not for her and her husband I would not have joined TN.
Now your photo - I just love it and the point of view is perfect. Clear and colourful image with even the catchlight in the eye. Fantastic.
Interesting note.
Enjoy the weekend and keep on snapping.
Lovies
Aunty Natley

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