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Lesser Gull

Lesser Gull
Photo Information
Copyright: arun tp (aruntp) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 590 W: 1 N: 357] (5379)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2012-12-05
Categories: Insects
Camera: Fujifilm Finepix F 500 EXR
Exposure: f/3.9, 1/220 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2013-01-07 0:16
Viewed: 1909
Points: 30
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Name : Lesser Gull
scientific Name : cepora nadina

The Lesser Gull Cepora nadina is a small to medium sized butterfly of the Family Pieridae, that is, the Yellows and Whites, which is native to India and Myanmar.

Wet-season brood. Male has the upperside ground-colour white. Fore wing has the basal half of costal margin suffused with greenish yellow and irrorated sparsely with black scales ; apex from the middle of the costa and termen black, the inner margin of the black arched and acutely produced inwards along the veins, the black on the termen narrowed posteriorly and in interspaces 1 a and 1 reduced to a mere thread. Hind wing : terminal margin with a broad dark band, due to the markings of the underside that show through by transparency, the darkness accentuated by a slight irroration of black scales ; apices of some of the anterior veins black, in some specimens these are dilated and form a narrow anterior black border. Underside: white. Fore wing: costal margin and apex very broadly suffused with greenish yellow and irrorated more or less densely with black scales, these latter form also diffuse subterminal patches on the white ground-colour in interspaces 3 and 4 ; a preapical oblique short band bright yellow, its margins ill-defined ; in interspaces 1 to 3 the black terminal markings on the upperside show through as a greyish-blue shade. Hind wing : suffused with greenish-yellow that leaves only a broad streak in the cell (continued beyond in interspaces 4 and 5) of the white ground-colour apparent; the whole surface of the wing more or less densely irrorated with black scales, these have a tendency to form a broad lower obscure discal dark patch and a broad terminal margin, the space between these two bright yellow ; a spot of bright yellow also in inter-space 6. Antennae black ; the head and thorax anteriorly with long greenish hairs, thorax posteriorly with greyish-blue pile : abdomen black with short white hair-like scales ; beneath : the palpi with blackish hairs, the thorax yellow, abdomen white. Female Upperside, fore wing : dark brownish black ; an oval, elongate, broad streak in cell, continued beyond into the base of interspace 4, broad streaks outwardly ill-defined from bases of interspaces 2 and 3, a large subterminal spot in interspace 1 and a pretornal short streak along the dorsal margin, white. The amount of white marking is variable in some specimens, nearly the whole of the cell and the greater portion of the basal area of interspace 1 are sometimes also white. Hind wing : dark brownish black fading to dusky brownish white posteriorly ; cell, basal half of interspace 4 and an elongate, broad, outwardly pointed streak in interspace 5 white. Underside : similar to that of the male, but the white area on the fore wing more restricted and of a purplish tint, the dusky-black shading on the disc that borders the green on the apical area broader, and the greater portion of interspaces 1 a and 1 also shaded with dusky purplish-black. Hind wing : darker than in the male, the veins more prominently bordered with black scaling, the posterior, discal, ill-defined, dark band or patch broader and more conspicuous. Antenna3, head, thorax and abdomen purplish brown, the thorax with some long greyish hairs ; beneath : the palpi and thorax greenish yellow, abdomen whitish. Dry-season brood.

Male is similar to the wet-season brood, but on the upperside, the black on the apex and termen of the fore wing not nearly so broad, on the latter often not reaching vein 1 ; on the hind wing the black is reduced to a sparse powdering of black scales along the termen.

Underside : similar to that of the wet-season brood but the greenish-yellow suffusion replaced entirely by ochraceous brown; on the hind wing the white markings of the wet-season form replaced by a paler ochraceous shade than on the rest of the wing; the veins all broadly bordered with irrorated black scaling ; the discal obscure transverse band more or less as in specimens of the wet-season brood, but often obsolescent. Antennae black, head and thorax anteriorly ochraceous brown, thorax medially and posteriorly with long bluish-grey pile, abdomen black with short white hair-like scaling ; beneath : the palpi ochraceous with some black hairs, thorax ochraceous brown, abdomen white.

Female very similar to those of the wet-season female, but the blackish-brown colouring on the upper-side paler and duller in tint. Underside: differs in the yellowish- green suffusion on both fore and hind wings, which is replaced by ochraceous brown. Antennae, head, thorax and abdomen as in the male. Wing expanse of 58-74 mm.


N.E. India : Sikkim ; Bhutan ; Assam : Sylhet ; the Khasi Hills; Manipur : Upper and Lower Burma; the Shan States; Tenasserim. Race remba is found in Sri Lanka and southern India while race andamana is found in the Andaman Islands.

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Critiques [Translate]

Ciao Arun, great macro of lovely butterfly, splendid sharpness, wonderful natural colors and fine details, very well done, my friend, ciao Silvio

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2013-01-07 1:27]

Hello Arun,
Excellent sharp detailed macro in beautiful light and colours. Good DOF and a pleasing diagonal composition.

Very charming capture. The details are perfect.

  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2013-01-07 3:56]

Hello Arun
such a beautiful butterfly. The hairy wings and its detailed are amazing. You have captured and presented it so well. Nice lighting and nice natural surrounding.


Hello Arun,
Good Photograph, excellent sharpness, outstanding composition, fair background.
Matrix! No PP

這蝴蝶很清亮 光線包滿看起來很清晰可圈
角度也很不錯 是水準以上的相片
尤其配上綠的樹葉 很親合 有互動輝映
謝謝分享 令人享受


  • Great 
  • IronM Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 144 W: 3 N: 345] (2608)
  • [2013-01-07 7:32]

Hi Arun,
wonderful photo , great sharpness for beautiful details and colors , lovely composition !
Best regards !

Hello arun
the picture of this Lesser Gull you captured with a good detail and colour.
perfect natural ambiance.
Best wishes my friend.

Hi Arun,
amazing colours of this butterfly. I like your composition. Very good details and sharpness.
Thanks for sharing,

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2013-01-07 14:31]

Woow Arun! The details of this pic are really fantastics,what a very professional capture,the best way to show us this rare specie,i like it!Have a nice day and thanks,Luciano.

Hello Arun

Excellent macro of this butterfly, with fine POV & DOF,
very beautiful light, great focus, sharpness, details, TFS


  • Great 
  • MMM Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1114 W: 0 N: 2546] (11425)
  • [2013-01-08 9:37]

Hello Arun
What a great closed up excellent point of view.The image is very sharp with excellent details.Beautiful colours and light also.
TFS Michel

THIS is an INCREDIBLE shot! Green on Green..wow and the detail! Well done my friend, perfect macro and details

  • Great 
  • nagraj Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1618 W: 106 N: 3208] (15166)
  • [2013-01-10 4:09]

Beautiful Gull, lesser one, good image. happy to see this species. tfs.

really rare to see this butterfly. taken in well lighting and angle.

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