|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|The Pioneer White or African Caper White (Belenois aurota) is a small to medium-sized butterfly of the Family Pieridae, that is, the Yellows and Whites, which is found in South Asia and Africa. In Africa, it is also known as the Brown-veined White, and is well known during summer and autumn when large numbers migrate north-east over the interior.|
Wet season form in Kolkata, West Bengal, India
The upperside of males is white with the forewing having the costa from base to base of vein 11 dusky black and then jet black continuing into a widened and curving short streak along the disco-cellulars to the lower apex of the cell; apical area diagonally with the termen black, the former with six elongate outwardly pointed spots of the ground-colour enclosed one in each of the interspaces 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, and 9. Hind wing: uniform, the black along the venation on the underside seen through by transparency; termen between veins 2 and 6 somewhat broadly black, with a series of four round spots of the ground-colour in the interspaces; below vein 2 and above vein 6 the termen is very narrowly black. Underside: fore wing white, markings similar, more clearly defined, the white spots within the black apical area larger. Hind wing: yellowish white, all the reins very broadly bordered with black; interspaces 1, 2, 6, and 7 with cross-bars of black, beyond which there is a subterminal, somewhat broad, transverse band of black between veins 2 and 6. Cilia of both fore and hind wings white alternated with black. The ground-colour on both upper and under sides variable, often cream-coloured above; beneath: in some specimens, the base of cell and the elongate spots in apical area of fore wing, and the whole surface of the hind wing varies to rich chrome-yellow.
Female similar; the black markings on both upper and under sides broader, the white spots on black apical area of fore wing often sub-obsolete above.
Antennae in both sexes black, sparsely sprinkled with white dots; head, thorax and abdomen above and below white: thorax above often bluish grey.
Dry-season form in Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh, India:
Similar to wet-season form but on the upperside the black markings are narrower, the white markings on the black apical area of fore wing broader and longer, and on the hind wing the narrow inner margining to the black on the termen very narrow, somewhat obsolescent; therefore, the white subterminal spots have the appearance of opening inwards. Underside: ground-colour almost pure white; on the hind wing slightly tinged with yellow. Antennae, head, thorax, and abdomen as in the wet-season form.
Wing expanse of 44–62 mm.
Race taprobana, Moore. (Sri Lanka) Differs from the typical form as follows: Male upperside, fore wing: deep black on apical area, the enclosed white elongate spots more or less obsolete. Hind wing: the black terminal border much broader and of a deeper black, the enclosed white spots, except the spot in interspace 6, very much smaller, somewhat obsolescent, sometimes absent in interspace 4. Underside: similar to the upperside, the markings of a very intense black and broader, the enclosed spots in the apical area of fore wing, the white of the cell and the area along the upper half of the wing generally overlaid with rich chrome-yellow. Hind wing: ground-colour a deep rich chrome-yellow, the spots on it enclosed in the black along terminal margin subhastate, the spot in interspace 4 absent.
Female Similar to the male on both upper and under sides, but in most specimens, on the upperside, the spots of the white ground-colour that are enclosed in the black apical area of the fore wing and the spots on the black border along the terminal margin of the hind wing are entirely absent.
kinglove, anel, ramthakur has marked this note useful
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- [2013-12-17 9:11]
A beautiful capture of this specie that i seen in Gambia in February! The drops of morning dew makes the difference,spectacular macro with the best details and colors,i like it! Have a nice evening and thanks,Luciano
very good picture with good details and beautiful colours
thanks greeting lou
Beautiful species.Well captured with good details and colour.Like its POV.
Thanks for sharing,
Regards and have a nice time,
- [2013-12-17 12:39]
Superb macro in great details and very beautiful colours. It sits on the right place for the best light. Nice blurred background. Very good composition.
Ciao Karthik, great macro of lovely butterfly, wonderful natural colors, splendid sharpness and fine details, very well done, my friend, ciao Silvio
光線亮麗 構圖美麗 背景深遂
Nice capture from best PoV,beautiful light and very good clarity.
- [2013-12-18 3:56]
You shots become better and better..how beautiful this picture of the Pioneer-White, one of your many Indian butterfly-species. Perfect sharpness, fine light and good choice of vertical composition.
It is really a marvelous macro.
very beautiful sharpness , colour and composition.
- [2013-12-18 5:52]
OH..dew drops and sun light..beautiful species and image. tfs.
I am impressed by the magnificent sharpness and details of this image. The composition is wonderful. Very nice colors and outstanding clarity. It is a superb photo. Lovely contrast against the background. A top quality image.
Hi Karthik, Lovely capture with good amount of details , Looks like there was a blade of grass/creeper in front of the butterfly :-( Otherwise a lovely shot
Good DOF in this image of a Pioneer, Karthik.
The focus is excellent and the colours on the wings are true to the natural.
Well done & TFS!