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Precis lemonias lemonias

Precis lemonias lemonias
Photo Information
Copyright: Pankaj Bajpai (pankajbajpai) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1470 W: 102 N: 4711] (16627)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2007-07-10
Categories: Insects
Camera: Nikon D80, 18-135mm f/3.5-5.6GED-IF AF-S DX Zoom-Ni
Exposure: f/6.3, 1/160 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Map: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Theme(s): Butterflies By pankaj Bajpai, Beautiful Butterflies Part Two, Butterflies of India [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2007-07-11 4:55
Viewed: 3957
Points: 50
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
It is the most common of the six Pansies in India. It is a very bold butterfly with strong territorial and aggressive behaviour but not as much as the Peacock Pansy. It flies quickly and strongly but with less fluttering of wings. It generally rests on the ground but not so frequently as the other Pansies and visits damp patches more often than the others of the genus. Like the Chocolate Pansy, it is more abundant in forests and distributed throughout South and Central India, upto South Gujrat in the west and West Bengal in the east. In The Himalayas, it can be seen upto 2700m from Kashmir Upto Assam. Besides Aztec Marigold, it visits flowers of Lantana, Bachelor's Button, Lindley Butterflybush, Ceylon Carissa, Coreopsis tinctoria, etc.


1. The name 'Butterfly' was first coined to describe the Yellow Brimstone Butterfly, a variety commonly seen across Europe. It was actually known as 'Butter-colored Fly' and that later became 'Butterfly'.

2. There are about 28,000 known Butterfly species throughout the world.

3. Butterflies - and moths - belong to the order Leptidoptera. This is derived from the Greek term for 'scale-wing'.

4. The wings of Butterflies are actually transparent. The vivid colors are due to overlapping bright scales. Butterfly wings are very delicate and can get damaged if handled. The scales too can get rubbed off if touched.

5. Many Butterflies have intricate and pretty patterns on their wings. These designs are intended for camouflage purposes, so the predators, like birds, either can't make out the Butterflies in the trees or bushes or are scared off into thinking them to be some other larger creature.

6. The patterns are also useful in courtship rituals. Butterflies fly in circles around one another to find a mate.

7. Some Butterflies lay their eggs on the underside of specific plants, others lay them in mid-flight. Some Butterflies, like the Cabbage White Butterfly, lay their eggs on cabbage leaves - the eggs and the caterpillars that emerge presently are velvety green and blend in well with the cabbage leaves.

8. Some Butterflies are migratory. They flies thousands of miles in the winter to places having a warmer climate, and return in the spring.

9. Butterflies can be found mostly anywhere in the world where it is not too hot nor too cold.

10. Butterflies cannot fly if their body temperature is less than 86 degrees.

11. Butterflies tend to thrive the most in the Tropics, where the abundant fauna provides them with food and breeding grounds.

12. Instead of mouths, Butterflies have a long straw-like structure called proboscis.

13. Butterflies taste food by standing on it. This is because their taste sensors are found in their feet.

14. Butterflies have six legs and feet.

15. Pollen gets attached to the legs of the Butterfly and is carried from plant to plant, assisting in fertilization and the propagation of new seeds and plants.

16. Butterflies fly during the day, have a knob-like antennae, and close their wings when resting.

17. Butterflies weigh as little as two rose petals.

18. Adult Butterflies do not grow in size as they get older.

19. Parnassian Butterflies have been found high up in the Rocky Mountains, at altitudes of 14,000 feet.

20. Between emerging from its egg and entering the pupa stage, a caterpillar increases to over 27000 times its original size.

21. The skin of the caterpillar does grow with it as it increases in size, and so it is necessary for it to shed it. Most caterpillars shed their outgrown skin five times before entering the pupa stage.

22. Butterflies have very brief life spans. Some - usually the ones found in the Tropics - can live up to a year, but others live anywhere from a few months to a few weeks to even a few hours.

23. All Butterflies aren't nectar-loving. Some - like the Red Admiral Butterfly - have decidedly peculiar tastes - they like rotting fruit and animal dung.

24. Butterflies excrete Meconium, a red liquid that looks like blood and is actually made up of waste material from the pupal stage.

25. Male Swallowtail Butterflies habitually gather around mud puddles to dip nutrients from the mud. Female Swallowtails don't do this.

26. Some Butterflies - like the Monarch Butterfly - produce toxins that discourage predators from feeding upon them. In the Monarch's case, the toxin production is aided by the Milkweed plant on which it usually feeds.

27. Caterpillars are boneless, but have over 1000 muscles. These muscles help the caterpillar move very quickly from place to place, and so both aid in finding new food and in escaping from predators.

28. Butterflies are fragile creatures and their population can thrive or be adversely affected with changes in the climatic conditions. Plenty of Butterflies indicate a healthy, well-balanced ecosystem, and a dearth of Butterflies can denote a possible environmental problem.

29. Butterflies are a valuable source of food for various birds, which are as necessary for maintaining the ecological balance.

pvs, dew77, anel, haraprasan, marhowie, vanderschelden, Argus, ramthakur, eqshannon, XOTAELE, mayuresh, Debz, Alex99, JPlumb, jmp, Juyona, JORAPAVI, kjpweb, petrudamsa has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To ramthakur: you are correct sir,pankajbajpai 1 07-11 10:01
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • pvs Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1127 W: 254 N: 3161] (14464)
  • [2007-07-11 5:09]

Hi Pankaj,

A nice capture of this colorfull butterfly,the POV is graet as well the colors and details,well done and tfs (and the interesting note)


  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2007-07-11 5:12]

Hello Pankaj,
Nice to have your beautiful Lemon Pansy next to my ugly fly. Anyway it will not harm your butterfly. Interesting note too. I just have some doubts about point 10..
Best regards

  • Great 
  • dew77 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4432 W: 248 N: 4028] (13270)
  • [2007-07-11 5:13]

Hello Pankaj,
Very nice close up of this butterfy.Well caught,framed and composed.POV,colors and exposure are also excellent.

Hi Pankaj,
Another excellent capture of the beauty. This time the POV is interesting with some 3D effects. Very well done. Thanks a lot for sharing capture and the informative notes.

The DOF at its best. I haven't been around for sometime now, mean time it seems that you have got new camera. Congrats for that.
About this pic, amzing DOF. This butterfly is very difficult to capture ith its details on wings. You have done comandable job. Very warm colors. TFS


Great color and exposure Pankaj.
Well focused where it must be, good detail there. Composed well, nice POV.
Interesting collection of facts on our winged friends also :)
Well done.

Hello Pankaj
Well composed image.
Plus 29 butterfly notes.

  • Great 
  • Argus Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5038 W: 260 N: 15594] (50626)
  • [2007-07-11 7:38]

Hello Pankaj,
With this POV you have an amazing DOF for the low aperture in thi sharp capture of the Lemon Pansey and you chose the focusing point very well.
Nice shot!
TFS and best wishes, Ivan

The tail end has a bit of soft focus, Pankaj. Did you choose spot metering for this shot? Sometimes I have experienced this problem with my 105mm macro. If I remember correctly, Howard had suggested center-weighted option to me for this kind of picture.
But that is being over-critical of an otherwise well balanced image of this beautiful species of butterflies. The purpose is to share my experience with you and to be honest about my observation. Hope you do not take it amiss.
BTW, I DO NOT like you profile picture. Your very articulate face we were used to seeing earlier is now hidden behind the camera.
Thanks and take care.

Almost more than I need to know...so I'll go with the picture as a stand alone work. Good depth of field..and colors blend well. Very nice work.


Hola Pankaj.
Una sencilla imagen, con una nitidez excelente.
Perfectos y ajustados los colores y una nota bastante completa.
Saludos amigo, JL.

  • Great 
  • Ken52 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 636 W: 93 N: 1243] (4195)
  • [2007-07-11 22:16]

Beautiful rich colors. Nice POV. Focus is a bit soft on tail, but that seems to be common for many of the photos by macro lens. Interesting note.

Hello Pankaj,
Excellent details in this fine butterfly capture!
The pattern is well depicted, attractive colour palette and pin sharp details!
Pablo -

:-) OK-

Hi pankaj,
well composed shot,tail end has little soft focus,but well capture

  • Great 
  • gannu Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 988 W: 4 N: 3277] (14761)
  • [2007-07-12 2:06]

Pankaj Bhai,Very very nice capture of this lovely lovely butterfly. Ganesh

  • Great 
  • Debz Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 505 W: 0 N: 847] (3307)
  • [2007-07-12 4:06]

Perfect pov on this pretty Butterfly Pankaj. Well caught whilst it is basking in the sun. Beautiful markings and detail and all nice and sharp. Colour and light is also good. Nice composition.

  • Great 
  • Alex99 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4072 W: 133 N: 7096] (23735)
  • [2007-07-12 5:32]

Hi Pankaj.
Your note is simply great. Superb done work. I like your picture so much too. Captured butterfly is very nice, well composed, exposed, coloured and sharp. Light BG is very suitable for this character and underlines the beauty of this beauty -: ))). My compliments and TFS.

Hi Pankaj, for a butterfly that likes to land on the ground you have presented this one very well. The contrast between the wings and this neutral ground works well. Your lighting was very effective in capturing very good colour and detail, the depth of field was used very effectively and finally, those are amazing notes. I thought I had a pretty good understanding of butterflies, but I have learned a lot here today.

Thanks, John

  • Great 
  • arfer Gold Star Critiquer [C: 2731 W: 0 N: 0] (0)
  • [2007-07-12 6:58]

Hello Pankaj

A wonderful and fact filled posting about butterflies.The shot is very beautiful with excellent colour and detail.The POV is very good.TFS

  • Great 
  • jmp Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1659 W: 95 N: 2273] (8415)
  • [2007-07-12 9:25]

Hi Pankaj,
Beautiful butterfly captured from a good pov with natural colous and perfect exposore.
TFS, José M.

Each time I have a look at your gallery I discover a lot of nice photos, you are very prolific :)
I like them all, but I find this one very interesting with the blured and highlighted BG, it makes a beautiful contrast.
I would have made the framing smaller, but that is only a question of personal taste. Thanks and best regards, Felipe.

Hola Pankaj
Preciosa ejemplar de mariposa con unos colores y dibujos muy bellos, excelente definición que nos deja ver muy bien los detalles, TFS. Saludos
José Ramón

  • Great 
  • Juyona Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor [C: 2232 W: 10 N: 2971] (16891)
  • [2007-07-16 4:57]

Genial trabajo Pankaj,
preciosos detalles y color,
excelente pov,
saludos amigo.

  • Great 
  • kjpweb Gold Star Critiquer [C: 326 W: 86 N: 1084] (4788)
  • [2007-07-22 16:41]

Great capture - it resembles very much the north american Common Buckeye - even what the love for sandy grounds seems to be concerned. It just misses two orange stripes towards the end of the wings. Good DOF and detail! Well done! Cheers, Klaus

Hi Pankaj,

Great looking specie. Never seen it before even in the pictures. Fine focusing and DOF. Note is also very useful.

Regards, Petru

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