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Feronia elephantum

Feronia elephantum
Photo Information
Copyright: Nirmal Roberts (nirmalroberts) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 345 W: 64 N: 705] (2857)
Genre: Plants
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2008-05-18
Categories: Flowers, Trees
Camera: Fujifilm FinePix S6500fd, Fujinon f=6.2-66.7(28-300)mm 1:2.8-4.9, Marumi 58mm UV Haze
Exposure: f/4.9
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Theme(s): Herbs used in medicine [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2008-06-26 1:30
Viewed: 16180
Points: 18
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Feronia elephantum.
Synonyms: Feronia limonia, Limonia acidissima, Schinus limonia.
Common names: Wood Apple, Elephant Apple, Monkey Fruit, Curd Fruit.
Common Hindi names: Kaitha, Kath Bel.
Plant: Erect slow growing tree.
Leaves: Deciduous, alternate, 7.5-12.5cm long, dark-green, leathery, dotted with oil glands and slightly lemon-scented when crushed.
Flower: Dull-red or greenish flowers 1.25 cm wide, borne in small, loose, terminal or lateral panicles. Usually bisexual.
Fruit: Round to oval, 5-12.5cm wide, with a hard, woody, grayish-white, scurfy rind about 6mm thick. The pulp is brown, mealy, odorous, resinous, astringent, acid or sweetish, with numerous small, white seeds scattered through it.
The wood-apple is native and common in the wild in dry plains of India and Ceylon.
The rind must be cracked with a hammer. The scooped-out pulp, though sticky, is eaten raw with or without sugar, or is blended with coconut milk and palm-sugar syrup and drunk as a beverage, or frozen as an ice cream. It is also used in chutneys and for making jelly and jam. The jelly is purple and much like that made from black currants.
The fruit shell is fashioned into snuffboxes and other small containers.
The fruit is much used in India as a liver and cardiac tonic, and, when unripe, as an astringent means of halting diarrhea and dysentery and effective treatment for hiccough, sore throat and diseases of the gums. The pulp is poulticed onto bites and stings of venomous insects, as is the powdered rind.
Juice of young leaves is mixed with milk and sugar candy and given as a remedy for biliousness and intestinal troubles of children. The powdered gum, mixed with honey, is given to overcome dysentery and diarrhea in children.
Oil derived from the crushed leaves is applied on itch and the leaf decoction is given to children as an aid to digestion. Leaves, bark, roots and fruit pulp are all used against snakebite. The spines are crushed with those of other trees and an infusion taken as a remedy for menorrhagia. The bark is chewed with that of Barringtonia and applied on venomous wounds.

boreocypriensis, bahadir, gerbilratz, zulfu, lousat, jpdenk, MMM, mesquens has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Hi Nirmal,

What a interesting fruit of Elephant apple which I have not seen before till now my friend. Great composition and DOF. Perfect shot. Many thanks sharing this! I am learning with your captures my friend. Thanks a lot!


Hello Nirmal splendid shot of this elephant fruit! TFS. Regards, Bahadır

Hi Nirmal, these look like furry footballs... great looking plant and excellent notes. regards h

  • Great 
  • zulfu Gold Star Critiquer [C: 685 W: 0 N: 2] (43)
  • [2008-06-26 13:18]

Hello Nirmal,
Perfect capture of this beautiful Elaphant Apple tree and its fruits. TFS.

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2008-06-26 16:48]

Hi Nirmal,another very interesting plant,as you know i like a lot your different and brave work,the note are always intersting,have a nice day,Luciano

Hi Nirmal,

A very useful plant indeed, and a nice shot of its fruits, very good!


  • Great 
  • MMM Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1114 W: 0 N: 2546] (11425)
  • [2008-06-27 7:23]

Hi Nirmal
Nice presentation of fruits I had never seen before.Sharp image and good POV.Good text to
TFS Michel

Hello Nirma...I never seen or heard about this fruit before...Information very good also picture....Thanks to share...All the best, Leyla

Olá Nirmal,
Very good shot, beautiful colors and details.
Interesting Note.

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