<< Previous Next >>

Badly hurt but still strong..

Badly hurt but still strong..
Photo Information
Copyright: Narayanan Ganesan (gannu) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 988 W: 4 N: 3277] (14761)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2008-08-24
Exposure: f/7.1, 1/640 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2008-08-27 2:14
Viewed: 4093
Points: 44
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note

Thanks for correcting my ID yday and special thanks to Mr. Nagraj. When I took the shot the wings were closed. I somehow had a feeling that it might open the wings sometime or later. After a patience waiting for about 45minutes with the sweating and it finally opened slowly..... and then the beauty was shown to me. Someone said Patience pays.. yes it is... The shot I posted yesterday was closed wings and our friend Nagraj pointed that the wings could have been damaged due to bird pecking. This shot shows clearly the damaged wings and hope I managed to put this posting to your liking as everyday is a learning process..

Details of Peacock Pansy

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Genus: Junonia
Species: J. almana

The Peacock Pansy Junonia almana is a species of nymphalid butterfly found in South Asia.

Dry-season form

Dry season form on Mikania micrantha (Bittervine/ Mile-a-minute/ American rope/ Chinese creeper) in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.Upperside rich orange-yellow. Fore wing with a pale dusky and a much darker short transverse bar with lateral jet-black marginal lines across cell, another somewhat similar bar defining the discocellulars ; costal margin, an inner and an outer subterminal line, and a terminal line dusky black; a large minutely white-centred ocellus with an inner slender and outer black ring on disc in interspace 2; two similar but smaller geminate subapical ocelli with an obscure pale spot above them and a short oblique bar connecting them to the black on the costa. Hind wing: a small minutely white-centred and very slenderly black-ringed discal ocellus in interspace 2, with a very much larger pale yellow and black-ringed ocellus above it spreading over interspaces 4, 5 and 6, the centre of this ocellus inwardly brownish orange, outwardly bluish black, with two minute white spots in vertical order between the two colours ; finally postdiscal subterminal and terminal black sinuous lines.

Dry season form on Mikania micrantha (Bittervine/ Mile-a-minute/ American rope/ Chinese creeper) in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.Underside ochraceous brown, very variable. In most specimens the ceil of the fore wing is crossed by three dark sinuous bands, the outermost along the discocellulars ; these are very faint in some ; both fore and hind wings crossed by a basal and a discal pale sinuous line, the latter margined outwardly by a dark shade, which is traversed by an obscure somewhat obsolescent row of dark spots, and outwardly bounded by a subterminal sinuous line, the dark shade in many cases spreading on the fore wing to the terminal edge of the wing ; on the hind wing the subterminal line meets the discal in an acute angle at the tornus. Antennae dark brown; head, thorax and abdomen more or less orange-brown ; paler beneath.

Wet-season form

Wet-season form in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.Upperside similar, the black markings deeper in colour and heavier, the subterminal and terminal lines more clearly defined.

Wet-season form in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.Underside pale ochraceous. Fore wing: cell crossed by live short sinuous dark brown lines, a similar lino on the discocellulars and another beyond it, both bent inwards at an angle and continued to the dorsum, the space between them forming a discal broad fascia, which pales to whitish posteriorly ; the postdiscal ocelli, subterminal and terminal lines as on the upperside but paler. Hind wing: a slender transverse subbasal dark line, a discal whitish straight fascia in continuation of the one on the fore wing; the postdiscal ocelli, the subterminal and terminal lines much as on the upperside but paler; the anterior ocellus with a double iris and centre. Antennae dark brown; head, thorax and abdomen slightly darker than in the dry-season form.

Interesting details about butterfly collected from the net.
1. The name 'Butterfly' was first coined to describe the Yellow Brimstone Butterfly, a variety commonly seen across Europe. It was actually known as 'Butter-colored Fly' and that later became 'Butterfly'.

2. There are about 28,000 known Butterfly species throughout the world.

3. Butterflies - and moths - belong to the order Leptidoptera. This is derived from the Greek term for 'scale-wing'.

4. The wings of Butterflies are actually transparent. The vivid colors are due to overlapping bright scales. Butterfly wings are very delicate and can get damaged if handled. The scales too can get rubbed off if touched.

5. Many Butterflies have intricate and pretty patterns on their wings. These designs are intended for camouflage purposes, so the predators, like birds, either can't make out the Butterflies in the trees or bushes or are scared off into thinking them to be some other larger creature.

6. The patterns are also useful in courtship rituals. Butterflies fly in circles around one another to find a mate.

7. Some Butterflies lay their eggs on the underside of specific plants, others lay them in mid-flight. Some Butterflies, like the Cabbage White Butterfly, lay their eggs on cabbage leaves - the eggs and the caterpillars that emerge presently are velvety green and blend in well with the cabbage leaves.

8. Some Butterflies are migratory. They flies thousands of miles in the winter to places having a warmer climate, and return in the spring.

9. Butterflies can be found mostly anywhere in the world where it is not too hot nor too cold.

10. Butterflies cannot fly if their body temperature is less than 86 degrees.

11. Butterflies tend to thrive the most in the Tropics, where the abundant fauna provides them with food and breeding grounds.

12. Instead of mouths, Butterflies have a long straw-like structure called proboscis.

13. Butterflies taste food by standing on it. This is because their taste sensors are found in their feet.

14. Butterflies have six legs and feet.

15. Pollen gets attached to the legs of the Butterfly and is carried from plant to plant, assisting in fertilization and the propagation of new seeds and plants.

16. Butterflies fly during the day, have a knob-like antennae, and close their wings when resting.

17. Butterflies weigh as little as two rose petals.

18. Adult Butterflies do not grow in size as they get older.

19. Parnassian Butterflies have been found high up in the Rocky Mountains, at altitudes of 14,000 feet.

20. Between emerging from its egg and entering the pupa stage, a caterpillar increases to over 27000 times its original size.

21. The skin of the caterpillar does grow with it as it increases in size, and so it is necessary for it to shed it. Most caterpillars shed their outgrown skin five times before entering the pupa stage.

22. Butterflies have very brief life spans. Some - usually the ones found in the Tropics - can live up to a year, but others live anywhere from a few months to a few weeks to even a few hours.

23. All Butterflies aren't nectar-loving. Some - like the Red Admiral Butterfly - have decidedly peculiar tastes - they like rotting fruit and animal dung.

24. Butterflies excrete Meconium, a red liquid that looks like blood and is actually made up of waste material from the pupal stage.

25. Male Swallowtail Butterflies habitually gather around mud puddles to dip nutrients from the mud. Female Swallowtails don't do this.

26. Some Butterflies - like the Monarch Butterfly - produce toxins that discourage predators from feeding upon them. In the Monarch's case, the toxin production is aided by the Milkweed plant on which it usually feeds.

27. Caterpillars are boneless, but have over 1000 muscles. These muscles help the caterpillar move very quickly from place to place, and so both aid in finding new food and in escaping from predators.

28. Butterflies are fragile creatures and their population can thrive or be adversely affected with changes in the climatic conditions. Plenty of Butterflies indicate a healthy, well-balanced ecosystem, and a dearth of Butterflies can denote a possible environmental problem.

29. Butterflies are a valuable source of food for various birds, which are as necessary for maintaining the ecological balance.

30. Conservation of natural habitats and reduction in the use of pesticides, herbicides and other chemicals is required for the proliferation of Butterflies.

31. Some Butterflies are becoming quite rare as their natural habitats shrink. Xerces Blue, an American Butterfly that was found in the San Francisco Peninsula, became extinct in 1943.

32. Some Butterfly species - Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta), Spring Azure (Celastrina argiolus), Western Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio rutulus), Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa), Woodland Skipper (Ochlodes sylvanoides), , Sara Orangetip(Anthocharis sara), Purplish Copper (Lycaena helloides), Lorquin’s Admiral (Limenitis lorquini), Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui), Cabbage White (Pieris rapae),Veined "Mustard" White (Pieris napi).


Photo details
Contrast adjustment
Color adjustment
Curve color adjustment
Highlighting done
Exposure adjustment
Sharpness slightly added to put wings shining.

Thanks for looking. Information gathered from Internet.

Exposure Time: 1/640
F-Stop: f/7.1
ISO Speed Ratings: 200
Focal Length: 300/1 mm
Date Taken: 2008-08-24 09:03
Metering Mode: Partial
Flash: Flash did not fire, compulsory flash mode
File Size: 289 kb


Janice, red45, lousat, nirmalroberts, siggi, Alex99, jaycee, Silvio2006, gracious, uleko, haraprasan, oanaotilia, mickey has marked this note useful
Only registered TrekNature members may rate photo notes.
Add Critique [Critiquing Guidelines] 
Only registered TrekNature members may write critiques.
ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To nagraj: badly hurt but still stronggannu 1 08-27 02:27
You must be logged in to start a discussion.

Critiques [Translate]

hi ganesh,
congrats! good image with nice colors and particularly lots of space. full frame looks better here and keep it always this way. thanks for the long note which is interesting and useful too. tfs.

  • Great 
  • PaulH Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1137 W: 26 N: 3879] (13882)
  • [2008-08-27 2:32]

Hi Ganesh,
superb shot of this wounded Butterfly, great colours, details and DOF too, well done!

  • Great 
  • Janice Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3277 W: 148 N: 6163] (18832)
  • [2008-08-27 2:48]

Hello Narayanan
You have some very interesting notes about butterflies - takes a bit of reading!!
This is a pretty Peacock Pansy. I love the patterns on the wings - they must good camouflage for them to scare predators away. And I see his wings are beginning to rip too. It's a nice sharp image

  • Great 
  • red45 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2636 W: 74 N: 9091] (31094)
  • [2008-08-27 3:18]

Hello Ganesh!

Yes, patience pays, especially in macro photography and this picture can prove it clearly. Beautifull butterfly. Fantastic 'eyes' and patterns on its wings. I don't thin it is hurt badly - just slightly injured :-) Butterflies are tough :-)

Hello Ganesh,

Excellent composition. I like the POV. Very good DOF and focus. Superb reproduction of the colour patterns on the wings. Excellent exposure and bright colours.

  • Great 
  • vral Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 65 W: 1 N: 218] (1049)
  • [2008-08-27 4:51]

Hello Ganesh,
nice capture of this Peacock Pansy with details and colors.
POV,DOF and composition are too good.
Thanks for sharing

Hello Ganes,
Perfect close-up of this lovely butterfly. Very comprehensive note.
- Nirmal

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2008-08-27 9:44]

Hi Ganesh,
Beautiful composition with wonderful color contrast and incredible fine detail in the texture and patterns in the butterflies wings.
Regards Siggi

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2008-08-27 10:33]

Hello Ganesh,
A photo in splendid contrasting colours and with great sharpness an details. POV, DOF, BG and composition are very beautiful.
Kind regards,

  • Great 
  • Alex99 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4072 W: 133 N: 7096] (23735)
  • [2008-08-27 11:06]

Hi Gayesh.
Amazing and very pleasant for look pictured scene. I like all components of the photo skill. Great DOF and details of the main subject, Vibrant colours and lights, Nice blurriness of the BG and excellent composition/framing. Perfect job.

  • Great 
  • jaycee Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2454 W: 10 N: 8044] (25460)
  • [2008-08-27 14:26]

Hi Ganesh,

If there's one thing one must have photographing Nature, it is patience. I'm so glad you waited to get this beautiful macro. The wing may be damaged but the butterfly is still unbelievably gorgeous. Exquisite colors, gorgeous markings, wonderful pose and showing off perfectly with the excellent background.


hi Narayanan,
color and shape of the wings fantastic
well presented with excellent details

best regards sERGIO

  • Great 
  • Mana Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1772 W: 36 N: 5597] (18598)
  • [2008-08-27 21:40]

Hi Narayanan,
Another wonderful shot of the Peacock Pansy and this time the upper wings look so beautigul and gorgeous. Superb lighting and you have captured it in a fine pose here against a darkish BG. Excellent DOF, POV and composition. Thanks for sharing.

Hello Ganesh,
I loved the rich and colouration in this lovely image!
even wounded but can not hide the beauty of it's species!
many thanks for the sharing

  • Great 
  • uleko Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3396 W: 172 N: 3310] (10940)
  • [2008-08-28 0:51]

Hello Ganesh,
This is a beautiful composition showing the beautiful orange Peacock Pansy against a lovely green background. Excellent DOF and fine sharp details too.
Its amazing how they seem to keep flying however damaged their wings are!
TFS and regards, Ulla

Hi Ganesh Ji,
A nice capture of this beautiful peacock pansy although it is badly hurt. Very well composed with sharp details. A nice POV. Thanks a lot for sharing.

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2008-08-28 4:27]

Hi Nara,this time the POV make a difference,this is a great spectacle,impressive beauty perfectly taken,colors and sharpness very very impressive,my best compliments,have a nice day,Luciano

Hello What a beautiful long note on butterfly. Very interesting too. Good use of colors and lightitng.. Vignesh

Hi Ganesh, lovely butterfly with beautiful design on wings, fantastic colors, great details and splendid sharpness, very well done, ciao Silvio

Hi Narayanan,
That is a pretty large gap and it looks like it happend when it has its wings closed. Beside the gap the color and markings on the wing are very beautiful. You did manage to get a perfect natural color contrast with really enhanced the color even more. Wonderful isolation of the BG and soft light made this one a stunner.

Nice shot. The colours look beautiful.

  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2008-10-13 6:52]

Hello Ganesh,
thanks for your visit to my post. It is really an honour to somebody of 10K to say something in the post.
The shot is great, superbs clear and sharp.
the posture is also nice. Contrasting colours are excellent.
A very pleasant shot with good composition.


Calibration Check