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Common Evening Brown

Common Evening Brown
Photo Information
Copyright: Ram Thakur (ramthakur) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4316 W: 231 N: 14052] (56953)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2008-09-26
Categories: Insects
Camera: Nikon D200, Sigma EX 105mm F2.8 DG Macro, 58mm UV
Exposure: f/7.1, 1/250 seconds
Details: (Fill) Flash: Yes
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2008-09-28 21:57
Viewed: 3498
Points: 17
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
C.Evening Brown (Melanitis leda)

Friends, I posted the picture of a dead Common Evening Brown a few days ago. It had died in my office and I was aggrieved by the event.
Fortunately, the very next day, a healthy pair of Common Evening Browns visited the park next to my school. They, however, confined themselves to an open drain along the park which is shaded by leafy trees growing along it. These butterflies perched on the edges of the drain with their wings closed and in that typical tilted position they adopt while faking as dead leaves. I took many pictures of them in that position and it was only once that one of them alighted at the bottom of the drain and opened its wings momentarily. I took the opportunity to shoot it with its wings open. Unfortunately its tail end was partially hidden beneath a polythene bag containing fruit peals which somebody had thoughtlessly tossed into the drain.
I am posting that picture today. Hope you like it despite the ugly bag in the foreground.

(Just as I write this on my office computer, another Common Evening Brown has entered my room through the open window and perched on the fluorescent tube-light in the ceiling. I might try to shoot it indoors after finishing this!)

The Common Evening Brown is a common species of butterfly found flying at dusk. The flight of this species is erratic. They are found in South Asia and South-east Asia extending to parts of Australia.


Wet Season Form:

Fore wing: apex subacute; termen slightly angulated just below apex, or straight. Upperside brown. Fore wing with two large subapical black spots, each with a smaller spot outwardly of pure white inwardly bordered by a ferruginous interrupted lunule; costal margin narrowly pale. Hind wing with a dark, white-centred, fulvous-ringed ocellus subterminally in interspace 2, and the apical ocellus, sometimes also others of the ocelli,on the underside, showing through.
Underside paler, densely covered with transverse dark brown striae ; a discal curved dark brown narrow band on fore wing; a post-discal similar oblique band, followed by a series of ocelli: four on the fore wing, that in interspace 8 the largest; six on the hind wing, the apical and subtornal the largest.

Dry season form:

Upperside Fore wing : apex obtuse and more or less falcate; termen posterior to falcation straight or sinuous. Upperside: ground-colour similar to that in the wet-season form, the markings, especially the ferruginous lunules inwardly bordering the black sub-apical spots on fore wing, larger, more extended below and above the black costa. Hind wing : the ocellus in interspace 2 absent, posteriorly replaced by three or four minute white subterminal spots.

Colonel C. T. Bingham wrote of the genus in 1878:
‘The Melanitis was there among dead leaves, its wings folded and looking for all the world a dead, dry leaf itself. With regard to Melanitis, I have not seen it recorded anywhere that the species of this genus when disturbed fly a little way, drop suddenly into the undergrowth with closed wings, and invariably lie a little askew and slanting, which still more increases their likeness to a dead leaf casually fallen to the ground.’

Resident butterflies are known to fight off visitors to the area during dusk hours. This chase behaviour is elicited even by pebbles thrown nearby.
The caterpillars feed on a wide variety of grasses including rice (Oryza sativa), bamboos, Andropogon, Cynodon, Imperata, and millets such as Oplismenus compositus, Panicum and Eleusine indica.
Adults feed mainly on nectar.

Source: Wikipedia

Thanks for looking.

crs, Argus, maurydv, accassidy, matatur, goldyrs has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • crs Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 469 W: 0 N: 922] (3551)
  • [2008-09-28 22:40]

Hello Ram,

Even if the plastic bag is ugly you have done a very good photo with the butterfly. It is not easy to capture an open wings image of the butterfly that usually keep them tilted. You have used well the flash getting natural looking colors. Sharpness is very good showing well the pattern of the wings.

Thank you for sharing,

Hello Ram,

Very good capture of this beautiful butterfly. Excellent sharpness. Good light and colours. Here , uncivility is also a problem. People let there detritus everywhere despite the presence of carbage cans.

  • Great 
  • Argus Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5038 W: 260 N: 15594] (50626)
  • [2008-09-29 0:59]

You did right to post this open-wing image of the Evening Brown, despite the polythene bag,
This species is shade loving and it is not that easy to take an open-wing shot of it. Furthermore this is a fresh specimen and it is great to see the fresh-looking upper surface of the wings taken with fine sharpness.
Thanks for sharing this one,
Have a good week,

Ciao Ram,
splendida cattura che testimonia non solo la difficoltà incontrata nel riprendere la farfalla, ma soprattuto i nostri comportamenti spesso scellerati e miopi che mettono in crisi la natura nel cui contesto siamo una "piccola cosa" con tendenza all'autodistruzione; l'immagine ha un'eccellente definizione e mostra perfettamente la "texture" della parte superiore delle ali, molto belli i colori con luce mista e la pietra come BG.

Hi Ram,
Yes, unusual to see the top side of this species, so well done despite the bag. Thanks.

Hello Ram,
Nice photograf

  • Great 
  • gannu Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 988 W: 4 N: 3277] (14761)
  • [2008-09-29 1:56]

Hello Sir, it seems that you keep your camera handy everyday. To some extent the bag is spoiling the show but looking at the scenario it is very nice shot. Ganesh

A beautiful and rare capture indeed Ram, with the "Brown"s wings open, finely focused and exposed to reveal the b.flys overwing pattern and colouration. I'm glad for the presence of that plastic bag since it demonstrates how we humans pollute and desecrate nature.
Best regards,

An amazing shot, Sir!You're lucky to have these beautiful butterflies fluttering around your office, Sir!
Very well done!

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