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I spotted Owlet


I spotted Owlet
Photo Information
Copyright: Kedar Kulkarni (kedarkulkarni) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 234 W: 0 N: 346] (1459)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2010-06-03
Categories: Birds
Camera: Canon SX10 IS
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2010-06-30 0:13
Viewed: 4545
Points: 18
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
I have spotted this spotted owlet just at the entrance of Kanha National Park. It was directly looking into us. Though with lac of sunlight I tried to capture it. Hope you like it.

The Spotted Owlet (Athene brama) is a small owl which breeds in tropical Asia from India to Southeast Asia. A common resident of open habitats including farmland and human habitation, it has adapted to living in cities. They roost in small groups in the hollows of trees or in cavities in rocks or buildings. It nests in a hole in a tree or building, laying 3-5 eggs. The species is absent from Sri Lanka, although the birds are found across the Palk Straits, just 30 kilometres away at Rameshwaram. Nests near human habitations may show higher breeding success due to increased availability of rodents for feeding young.[3] The species shows a lot of variation including clinal variation in size and forms a superspecies with the very similar Little Owl.

Description
The Spotted Owlet is small (21 cm) and stocky. The upperparts are grey-brown, heavily spotted with white. The underparts are white, streaked with brown. The facial disc is pale and the iris is yellow. There is a white neckband and supercilium. Sexes are similar. The flight is deeply undulating. In Baluchistan it overlaps with the Little Owl from which it can be separated by the unstreaked crown and narrow tail bands. The nominate form is darker than the paler forms such as indica of drier regions.[4]

When disturbed from their daytime site, they bob their head and stare at intruders.[5]

Early workers sometimes treated members of this species group as subspecies of Athene noctua. The two have been separated but they are considered to form a superspecies complex. Several subspecies have been described and about four or five are widely accepted (the race poikila[6] is invalid and refers to Aegolius funereus[7] A. b. fryi of southern India described by Stuart Baker and A. b. mayri described by Deignan from northern Thailand[8] are not usually recognized.[9]). The five widely recognized subspecies are albida Koelz, 1950 of western Asia in Iran and Pakistan; indica (Franklin, 1831) of northern India; brama (Temminck, 1821) of southern India which is darker than indica; ultra Ripley, 1948 (not always recognized) of northeastern India is said to have the white spots on mantle much and "higher pitched calls"; and pulchra Hume, 1873 of Southeast Asia from Myanmar and Thailand extending into Cambodia and Vietnam. The northern and southern Indian populations intergrade and there is no dividing boundary. The northern indica populations have the upperparts brownish. Size decreases from North to South. The species is not found in Sri Lanka, although birds on the Indian mainland are found even at the tip of Rameshwaram.[10][11]

Behaviour and ecology
This species is nocturnal but is sometimes seen in the day. It can often be located by the small birds that mob it while it is perched in a tree. It hunts a variety of insects and small vertebrates. In Pakistan they have been found to take mostly insect prey.[12][13][14] [15] In the arid region of Jodhpur, they have been found to take more rodents (especially in the genus Mus and tend to avoid other rodents such as Tatera) prior to the breeding season.[16] Bats, toads, small snakes such as Ramphotyphlops braminus have been noted.[17] They may also take scorpions and molluscs.[18]

The call is a harsh and loud churring and chuckling chirurr-chirurr-chirurr ending with a chirwak-chirwak and they call mainly during early dawn or just after sunset.[4][19]

The breeding season is November to April.[4] Courtship behaviour includes bill grasping, allopreening and ritual feeding. The female may call with the male, bob head and deflecting their tail in invitation.[20] The social organization of family groups is not clear and multiple males may copulate with a female and females may attempt pseudocopulation,[21] possibly a kind of displacement behaviour.[22][23] They nest in cavities often competing with other hole-nesters such as mynas. They may also nest in holes in vertical embankments.[24] The nest may be lined with leaves and feathers or may use the existing lining from a prior occupant. The typical clutch is made up of three or four spherical white eggs (30.9mm long and 26.3 mm wide, 11.6g) and incubation begins with the first laid eggs leading to a wide variation in the size of the chicks. The young are fed initially on insects such as cockroaches and later fed small vertebrate prey such as mice(a toad Bufo stomaticus has been noted in Gujarat). Only one or two chicks may fledge and they leave the nest in about 20 days.[17]

Brain anatomy reveals that they have a pineal gland, a feature which was said to be absent in the owls.[25] Birds show variation in the melatonin concentration between day and night. A high melatonin level is associated with sleep and low levels are associated with high alertness and foraging activity. Spotted Owlets however show only a slightly lower melatonin concentration at night with a slight increase in the early afternoon. Other owls such as the Barn Owl show little day-night variation.[26][27] Seasonal changes in glandular activity have been associated with environmental factors such as temperature and humidity.[28]

A Coccidian parasites, Eimeria atheni has been described from this species.[29] An ectoparasitic mite, Neocheletiella athene has been described from a specimen from the Antwerp zoo.[30] Bird lice of the species Colpocephalum pectinatum are known to be ectoparasites.[31]

Argus, KOMSIS, maurydv, oscarromulus, CeltickRanger has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • Argus Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5038 W: 260 N: 15594] (50626)
  • [2010-06-30 0:32]

Namaste Kedar,
A superb capture of a Spotted Owl at ita nesting hole in a tree. The frontal POV is great and shown with fine exposure and natural colours. The central composition works well here.
Thanks and best regards,
Ivan

Hi Kedar,
what a nice little owl in its tree hole. Could be a bit sharper.
regards
pierre

  • Great 
  • KOMSIS Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 820 W: 0 N: 2419] (10674)
  • [2010-06-30 3:55]

Namaste Kedar,
An unusual composition ...
Excellent capture, sharp details,nice colors and background.
Best wishes,
Seyfi

  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2010-06-30 3:55]

Hello Kedar,
nicely composed little owl in the holes that gives a natural framing. the colours is very special to camouflage with the tree bark.
nicely captured within a disatnace.

regards,
Foozi

  • Great 
  • uleko Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3396 W: 172 N: 3310] (10940)
  • [2010-06-30 7:03]

Hello Kedar,
A lovely capture of the Spotted Owl keeping watch by the entrance of its nest. Excellent focus and nice natural colours. I really like the composition!
TFS and best regards, Ulla

Hallo Kedar,
a very beautiful capture of the Spotted Owlet taken froma a very good POV in a lovely pose, good sharpness and splendid colours, a very nice composition in a marvellous environment.
TFS
Best regards
Maurizio

Kedar,
Salam-Aleykum.
A MASTERPIECE of photography work.
Great notes.
Mario in Canada.

Hellow Kedar,
Well spotted as you say of this spotted owl in its natural surroundings.Nice eye contact, well composed and an interesting perspective using the tree as a type of frame, well done.Interesting notes.
erwin...

hello Kedar

an excellent photo of the Spotted Owlet with the fine frontal POV
that gives the beautiful eye-contact, fine focus sharpness
and details, i love that you showed all the big hole of the tree
with the bird, it is part of his environment, TFS

Asbed

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