<< Previous Next >>

Plumbeous water redstart


Plumbeous water redstart
Photo Information
Copyright: Nagesh Vannur (nagesh) Silver Note Writer [C: 0 W: 0 N: 69] (362)
Genre: Landscapes
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2014-09-14
Categories: Birds
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2014-09-16 1:24
Viewed: 1779
Points: 2
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Plumbeous water redstart

The plumbeous water redstart (Rhyacornis fuliginosa) is a species of bird in the family Muscicapidae. It is found in South Asia, Southeast Asia and China. Males are slate blue in colour, while females are grey. The bird's common name refers to its colour which resembles lead. They tend to live near fast-moving streams and rivers.

Taxonomy

The plumbeous water redstart belongs to the order Passeriformes and the family Muscicapidae. The species consists of two recognized subspecies – Rhyacornis fuliginosa fuliginosa and Rhyacornis fuliginosa affinis. The former was described by Nicholas Aylward Vigors in 1831, while the latter was described by William Robert Ogilvie-Grant in 1906 and is found in Taiwan. In China, the female and first-year male redstarts appear more brown at the top, leading to the possibility of classifying them as a separate race tenuirostris.

Description

The plumbeous water redstart is typically 14 centimetres (5.5 in) long in total, with an average weight of 22 grams (0.78 oz) for males and 18.8 grams (0.66 oz) for females. The male birds are slate blue in colour with a tail that is rusty red. On the other hand, female birds are pale grey and feature a white rump.

Habitat

The bird is found in Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam. Their preferred habitats are streams, nullahs and rivers with boulders that are shaded, as well as vegetation near riverbanks. Streams with higher populations of insects such as mayflies appear to be preferred.

They are typically found at relatively high elevations, with the ones living in the Himalayas seen between 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) and 4,100 metres (13,500 ft). However, they tend to descend to lower altitudes during the winter.

The plumbeous water redstart has been placed on the Least Concern category of the IUCN Red List, as the population has remained stable throughout the last ten years. The size of its distribution range is over 5,100,000 square kilometres (2,000,000 sq mi).

Behavior

The plumbeous water redstart is very protective of its habitat and will be extremely confrontational to any trespasser on its territory. In order to catch flies in rivers, it flies vertically until it is at least 20 feet (6.1 m) above the water, before gliding down in a spiral back to the same place.
.
References

BirdLife International (2012). "Rhyacornis fuliginosa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
^ Jump up to: a b "Plumbeous Water-redstart (Rhyacornis fuliginosa)". Handbook of the Birds of the World. Internet Bird Collection. 2003. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
^ Jump up to: a b Bezruchka, Stephen; Lyons, Alonzo (2011). Trekking Nepal: A Traveler's Guide. The Mountaineers Books. p. 291. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
Jump up ^ Dunning, John B., Jr. (December 5, 2007). CRC Handbook of Avian Body Masses, Second Edition. CRC Press. p. 397. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
^ Jump up to: a b Lawrence, Walter Roper (1895). The Valley of Kashmir. Asian Educational Services. p. 150. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
^ Jump up to: a b c Herklots, Geoffrey Alton Craig (1936). The Hong Kong Naturalist, Volumes 7–8. Newspaper Enterprise Limited. p. 150. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
^ Jump up to: a b c d e Sibley, Charles Gald (1990). Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. Yale University Press. p. 538. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
Jump up ^ MacKinnon, John Ramsay (June 8, 2000). A Field Guide to the Birds of China. Oxford University Press. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
^ Jump up to: a b Ward, Francis Kingdon (1990). Himalayan Enchantment: An Anthology. Serindia Publications, Inc. p. 173. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
Jump up ^ Dudgeon, David; Corlett, Richard (July 1, 1994). Hills and Streams: An Ecology of Hong Kong. Hong Kong University Press. p. 140. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
Jump up ^ Manel, Stéphanie; Dias, Jean-Marie; Ormerod, Steve J. (August 17, 1999). "Comparing discriminant analysis, neural networks and logistic regression for predicting species distributions: a case study with a Himalayan river bird". Ecological Modelling 120 (2–3): 337–347. doi:10.1016/S0304-3800(99)00113-1. Retrieved December 3, 2013. (registration required)
Jump up ^ Negi, Sharad Singh (January 1, 1992). Himalayan Wildlife, Habitat and Conservation. Indus Publishing. p. 108. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
Jump up ^ "Plumbeous Water-redstart (Rhyacornis fuliginosa)". BirdLife International. 2013. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
Jump up ^ Brazil, Mark (January 14, 2009). Birds of East Asia. A&C Black. p. 422. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
.
All Information credits goes to. Wikipedia - Sources
.
More Information. Check my website :
.
Exchangeable image file format (Exif)
ƒ/6.6
460.0 mm
1/100
250
Flash (off, did not fire)
.
Location: Tropical Rainforest Chorla Ghat is a nature destination located on the intersection of the borders of Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra. It lies to the north-east of Panaji, Goa (about 50 kilometers by road). It is a part of the Western Ghats in the Sahyadri mountain range and is at an elevation of 800 meters. Chorla ghat boasts of a few rare species of wild-life such as the barred wolf snake (Lycodon striatus) in its sub-tropical forests.

The Nature Conservation Facility has been established at Chorla Ghat to facilitate research and long term monitoring of the Western Ghats of the Sahyadris region and their biodiversity and is intended at providing a platform for ecologists and wildlife biologists by way of fully equipped field station for this area.
.
Photo Taken By. 2014 -- Photo Taken Time:
.
Like, if you agree.
Comment, we all learn from each other!
Share, always pass on a great message!

oscarromulus has marked this note useful
Only registered TrekNature members may rate photo notes.
Add Critique [Critiquing Guidelines] 
Only registered TrekNature members may write critiques.
Discussions
None
You must be logged in to start a discussion.

Critiques [Translate]

Nagesh,
Welcome to TN.
Highly impressive image, indeed.
Well balanced colours.
Perfect eye contact. Your focusing was perfect.
Great notes.
Best and most kind regards from,
Mario in COLD COLD Canada.

Calibration Check
















0123456789ABCDEF