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Common Rose

Common Rose
Photo Information
Copyright: Philip Rose (willow) Silver Note Writer [C: 1 W: 0 N: 32] (147)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2006-06-12
Categories: Insects
Exposure: f/7.1, 1/640 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2006-10-18 13:16
Viewed: 4518
Points: 9
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Common Rose

The Common Rose (Atrophaneura (Pachliopta) aristolochiae) is a large swallowtail butterfly. With a wingspan of 80-95 mm belonging to the Pachliopta subgenus, the Roses, of the genus Atrophaneura or Red-bodied Swallowtails. It is extensively distributed across:

Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, southern and eastern China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, Laos, Vietnam, Kampuchea, Andaman islands, Malaysia, Brunei, Philippines and Indonesia.

Scientific classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
rder: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
enus: Atrophaneura
Subgenus: Pachliopta
Species: A. (P.) aristolochiae
Binomial name Atrophaneura (Pachliopta) aristolochiae

The butterfly is an excellent generalist which has adapted to a range of habitats, so is a common visitor to gardens and can even be found in crowded urban areas. it is active much earlier in the mornings than most butterflies, and remains so throughout the day.
Though, in drier regions around mid-day, the butterfly visits thickets to avoid the heat. Here, it will rest and venture forth only in the late afternoon once again.
The butterfly occasionally also visits wet patches and mud-puddles.

It flies high, slowly and often descends to visits flowers such as Lantana, Cosmos, Zinnia, Jatropha and Clerodendron. On such occasions it often dives down with its wings held back, and as it approaches the flower, the wings open up to provide deceleration. The butterfly primarily depends on motive thrust on the powerful flapping of its forewings while the hind wings act as a balancing and steering mechanism. This flying technique gives a rather unusual look to its flight and an observer is left with the impression that it is dragging itself through the air with only the assistance of its forewings.

The red body and slow peculiar flight, with bright colouration and pattern of the wings are indications to predators that this butterfly is inedible, being protected by the poisons it ingested from its larval food plants.
The larvae feed on creepers and climbers of the genus Aristolochia, where they sequester toxins such as aristolochic acid in their bodies. This makes the adults toxic to predators such as birds and reptiles. However Braconid wasps which parasitise the caterpillars have apparently co-evolved with the butterfly and are not affected by the toxins.
It also emits a nasty smelling substance when handled to further enhance its unappealing qualities. Hence it is rarely attacked by predators, a strategy so successful, that edible butterflies have evolved to mimic it, the classical example being that of the female morph of the Common Mormon that is Papilio polytes, female form stichius.

rufous03, Janice, cmarzano, fthsm has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Nice shot, but lacking in detail sharpness.....fuzzy....even the ground. Improper focus or camera movement would be my guess.

  • Great 
  • Janice Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3277 W: 148 N: 6163] (18832)
  • [2006-10-18 16:17]

Catching three together is great Philip. the butterflies are a bit unsharp, but I think you deserve the points for showing them all together. TFS

EXCELENTE !!!!composicion de estos lepidopteros!!

  • Great 
  • manyee Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3089 W: 230 N: 6774] (23770)
  • [2006-10-19 2:19]

Amazing shot, Philip.
How lucky of you o find so many of these butterflies in one spot, and with their wings open.
Great composition with sharp details and wonderful color scheme.
TFS. ; )

  • Great 
  • fthsm Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 172 W: 56 N: 512] (3689)
  • [2006-10-19 21:08]

Very beatiful species and nice composition of these tree. I'd like to see more sharpness.

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