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Nigella damascena


Nigella damascena
Photo Information
Copyright: philippe hornus (amanengone) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 188 W: 54 N: 412] (2113)
Genre: Plants
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2009-06-01
Categories: Flowers
Camera: Olympus E 30, ZUIKO DIGITAL ED 50 mm 1:2.0, Sandisk Ultra II 8GB
Exposure: f/13.0, 1/100 seconds
Details: Tripod: Yes (Fill) Flash: Yes
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2009-06-08 14:49
Viewed: 4567
Points: 8
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note [French]
The plant:

Nigella damascena , Linneae - 1753

English : Love-in-a-mist, Devil-in-the-bush, Bishop's-Wort, Fennelflower
German : Damaszener Schwarzkümmel , Gretchen-im-Busch, Gretel in der Heck, Braut in Haaren
Spannish : Ajenuz de jardín, Araña, Arañuela, Neguilla de Damasco
Italian : Devil-in-the-bush, Damigella scapigliata, Fanciullacce, Herba bazzolina
Greek : Κουτσουλόχορτο, Μαυροκούκκι, Νιγκέλα η δαμασκηνή
Arab :
French : Nigelle de Damas, Barbe-de-capucin, Barbiche, Herbe de Capucin, Patte-d'araignée, Petite araignée, Nielle, Toute-épice, Cheveux de Vénus,

Division : Magnoliophyta
Class : Magnoliopsida
Sub-Class :
Order : Ranonculales
Family : Ranonculaceae
Sub-family : Ranonculoideae
Tribe : Delphinieae
Genus : Nigella
Species : Nigella damascena

Phylogenetic classification:

Protection status:

Included in the national inventory of natural heritage. Taxon unprotected.

Origin and location:

South of France up to the Drôme, the Aveyron and the Vendée. Mediterranean region of Europe up to Turkey, Northern Africa. Native of southwestern Asia and imported into the Mediterranean as an ornamental plant in the gardens, where it escaped and spreaded in the nature.

Ecology:

Fields and hillsides, infertile zones and edges of paths. Often plant crops of wheat, in the second stage, living in the shadow of cereals.

General Description:

The Nigelle Damascus is an annual plant with erected stem, from herbaceous plant type.

The root is long, often colored yellow and of tap-root type.

The stem is simple or branched, from thirty to fifty centimeters on average, vertical and with an angular section.

The leaves are alternate. They are composed pinnate, in the form of very narrow strips, lanceolate, measuring about one millimeter wide.

Flowering takes place from April to July, depending on the region.

Flowers blue (rarely white, pink or purple), are solitary at the top of the stems (same location as poppies). They are surrounded by bracts similar to cauline leaves, arranged in involucre (which is a feature of the Nigelle de Damas), longer than the tepal. The sepals are colored blue, strongly ribbed. The tiny petals are transformed into nectar glands. The flower has a bilaterally symmetrical design.

Pollination is entomophilous or autogamous. Sexuality is hermaphrodite.

The fruit is a follicle swollen up of five united carpels containing numerous black seeds and with five curled styles. Seed dispersal is barochore (by gravity, in close proximity to the mother plant)

Uses and characteristics

Culinary uses:

Parties harvested: Seeds.

Because of their spicy taste, the dried seeds are sometimes used as a condiment. .

Medicinal Uses:

eeds (also called "seeds blessed"), reduced to powder, can be used to fight against sneezing. Their infusion or decoction in wine may be used for a variety of purposes (diuretic, tonic or stimulant). The solutions formed are dangerous and toxic, the ducts are poisonous, they should be used only under the supervision of specialists. Essential oil, rich in alkaloids (damascenine) can be obtained from the seeds.

Sources :

1._ Botanique – Encyclopédie de la Pléiade
2._ Guinochet – Notions fondamentales de botanique générale
3._ Bonnier – Grande Flore Illustrée – Tome 3 page 23 – Illustration planche 17, numéro 79-79 b.
4._ Bonnier et De Layens – Flore complète portative de la France, de la Suisse et de la Belgique. Page 10 – Version numérisée : http://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/spa/Libro.php?Libro=2890

5._ Coste – Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France, de la Corse et des contrées limitrophes - Page 48 , tome 1.


http://www.tela-botanica.org/
http://www.tela-botanica.org/eflore/BDNFF/4.02/nn/44101
http://sophy.u-3mrs.fr/sophy.htm
http://sophy.u-3mrs.fr/photohtm/SI4465.HTM

http://inpn.mnhn.fr/isb/index.jsp
http://inpn.mnhn.fr/isb/servlet/ISBServlet?action=Espece&typeAction=10&pageReturn=ficheEspeceDescription.jsp&numero_taxon=109625

http://garrigue-gourmande.fr/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1083&Itemid=75
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nigella_damascena
http://pharm1.pharmazie.uni-greifswald.de/systematik/7_bilder/coolpix/Ma020703.jpg
http://pharm1.pharmazie.uni-greifswald.de/systematik/7_bilder/coolpix/Ma020700.jpg
http://pharm1.pharmazie.uni-greifswald.de/allgemei/koehler/koeh-227.jpg
http://www.plant-pictures.de/
http://plantes.sauvages.free.fr/pages_plantes/index.html
http://www.krissnature.net/article-13394665.html
http://www.botanique.org/apg-ii/magnoliophyta/eudicots/basal-eudicots-42/ranunculales/ranunculaceae/nigella-article14960.html


La camera:

Camera : Olympus E-30
Objectif : Zuiko macro 50mm
Ouverture : f/13
Vitesse : 1/100
Priorité ouverture
Temps ensoleillé
Heure : 17h30 TU
ISO – 400

Le cliché:

Taille initiale : 4032 x 3024 px
Format : Raw ,orf
Résolution : 314ppp x 314 ppp
Profondeur : 24
Couleur : sRGB
Format final : 800 x 516 jpg

Traitement d'image dans Corel Photopaint
Recadrage, modification gamma, saturation et netteté,

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To Pitoncle: Merciamanengone 1 06-26 15:56
To kedarkulkarni: Thank Youamanengone 1 06-13 14:28
To jlinaresp: Graciasamanengone 1 06-13 14:26
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • Bass Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 173 W: 0 N: 233] (974)
  • [2009-06-08 15:33]
  • [+]

Hi Phillipe:
very nice composition. Good use of light, i like dark background with that pale blue and green flower.
Good POV and focus. Just a suggestion: maybe you can cut a little bit the left side so the flower will be more in the centre of the composition.
Grat info also.
TFS!
have a nice day
Brenda

Hi Philipe,

A pleasure to watch this flower Ajenuz in all its splendor. Congratulations for the superb control shown on the fill-in flash, you've achieved superb colors and details. Your note is very complete. Without doubt, very good complement for your beautiful photographic work.

TFS & Cheers!

Hi Philipe,

Superb flower and superb capture. Nice POV, Awesome sharpness and good POV. Very nice composition.

TFS,
Kedar

Bonjour Philippe,
Cette très belle macro est remarquable de précision avec une parfaite maitrise de la lumière.
A bientôt sur TN pour de nouvelles aventures.
Gérard

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