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Passer domesticus


Passer domesticus
Photo Information
Copyright: philippe hornus (amanengone) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 188 W: 54 N: 412] (2113)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2014-07-08
Categories: Birds
Camera: Olympus OM D EM1
Exposure: f/4, 1/2000 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2016-10-07 15:44
Viewed: 1138
Points: 4
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note [French]
House sparrow

Passer domesticus ((Linnaeus, 1758)

Scientific classification

• Kingdom : Animalia
• Phylum : Chordata
• Sub-phylum : Vertebrata
• Class : Aves
• Sub-class : Neornithes
• Order : Paseriformes
• Family : Passeridae
• Sub-family :
• Genus : Passer

Phylogenetic classification

• Biota / Eucaryotes / ……… / Métazoaires / ……….. / Bilatériens / Deuterostomiens / ………….. / Chordés / ………….. / ………….. / Vertébrés / …………… / …………… / Sarcoptérigyens / …………… / …………… / Amniotes / Sauropsides / ……………. / Archosauriens / Aves / …………… / …………… / Coronaves / Terrestrrornithes / Dendronirthes / ……………. / ……………. / ……………. / Passerifromes / Eupassereaux / Oscines / Passeridae / Passer

Brief description of the bird

This bird, commensal of the human being and its activities can be seen almost anywhere. For this reason, mistakenly, we do not notice him while he keeps us with his songs: that has never been awakened in a sunny morning with his "tschilp tschilp" features? It is a welcome symbol for a new day which is beginning auspiciously. His physique is not of the most attractive. It most often appears as a small ball of feathers more or less ruffled as this can be seen in the photograph. His head is rather dark with a gray cap extending down the neck. It has white cheeks, visible in the photograph. The back is brown streaked black. The tail is gray and dark-gray. The abdomen is dull white. During courtship, the front of the abdomen is black (visible in the photograph). The beak is massive and tapered.

Ecology and biology

The bird is subservient to human activities, since perhaps 10,000 years. It feeds by pecking on the ground some seeds that we kindly let him. This is an animal insectivorous rather than granivore. When following the plowing and sowing, he do not try to catch the seeds is not appropriate for the seeds sown by his human companions; he try to enjoy the plowing that release all kinds of prey (small insects, larvae ...).

Extension area

Everywhere around the world where Homo sapiens exists.

Sources
• Links

o http://www.oiseaux.net/oiseaux/echasse.blanche.html
o http://www.attiredailes.be/pdf/ornitho/ornitho_initition-identification.pdf
o http://www.tourduvalat.org/sites/default/files
o http://www.parcornithologique.com/
o http://www.oiseaux-birds.com/dossier-descr-oiseau-plumage.html (un très beau site avec des dossiers précis : ici, la morphologie du plumage des oiseaux – à voir)
o http://tolweb.org/ Passeroidea/67278 (classification phylogénétique des oiseaux des oiseaux)
o http://www.evolution-biologique.org/biodiversite/arbre-de-la-vie.html
o http://palaeos.com/ (l’histoire de la terre)

• Further readings

o Guide ornitho – Lars Svenson / Killian Mullarney et Dan Zetterström – Éditions Delachaux et Niestlé
o Les oiseaux de France – Jean-Claude Chantelat – Solar édition
o Les oiseaux de Méditerranée – Paul Sterry – Edisud/La Compagnie des Éditions de la Lesse
o La Garrigue grandeur nature – Jean-Marie Renault – Les Création du Pélican / Vilo
o Précis de Sciences Biologiques - Zoologie / Vertébrés – P.P.Grassé et Ch.Devillers – Masson et Compagnie
o Classification phylogénétique du vivant – G.Lecointre et H.Le Guyader – Tomes 1 et 2 – Belin éditeur
o L’Encyclopédie des animaux – Jenni Bruce, Kareen MacGhee, Luba Vangelova, Richard Vogt – University of California Press (Très bon guide illustré).

The photography

• Date of shooting 08/07/2014 10:44:32

• Equipment

o Camera OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Modèle E-M1
o Objectif ZUIKO MinFocalLength 50 MaxFocalLength 200 Aperture 1: 2,8 - 3,5

• Picture specifications

o ImageWidth 4640
o ImageLength 3472
o BitsPerSample 16
o Compression uncompressed
o Orientation horizontal
o Samples Per Pixel 1

• Shooting conditions

o Source of light Sahde
o Metering mode Center weighted average
o Picture mode Vivid
o Exposure mode Speed priority
o Exposure bias 0.7EV
o Focus mode Manual
o Focus process AF not used
o Exposure Time 1/2000
o ISO Speed Ratings 1000
o Focal Length 200
o Aperture f/4.0
o White Balance Temp Manual - 7500°K (Fine weather with shade)
o Noise Reduction 0
o Shading Compensation 0
o Contrast 0
o Saturation 2
o Sharpness 2

Post treatment

• Processing of the raw Olympus (orf) par DxO OpticsPro 11

• Light

o Exposure Compensation 0
o DxO smart lighting inactivated
o Selective Tonality inactivated
o DxO clear view inactivated
o Micro contrast 50 (0 – 50 – 0 / 0 – 0 – 0)
o Curve tonality none / gamma 1.00
o Vignetting Auto, detected lens oriented – Intensity 100 – Preservation 50

• Colour

o White balance Temperature 6500 K – Hue 0
o Colour accentuation vibrance 30 saturation 0
o Colour rendering Camera detected - 100 – Protection of the saturated colours - 0
o TSL All channels – 0 – 0 – 0

• Details

o Noise reduction prime luminance 50 – chrominance 100 – Low frequencies 75 – Dead Pixels 25
o Lens sharpness 1.25 – 50 – 50
o Chromatic aberration Auto – Lateral – Intensity 100 – Size 6 – Flare OK
o Sharpness Intensity 100 – Radius 2.00 – level 2 – Side 0

• Framing

o Horizon 0.00°
o Reframing Manuel, free – Size ratio 4/3

Publication

• Processing of the .tiff file created in corel paintshop pro
• Improvement of the contrast (sizing according Treaknature policy (max 800x800 – 300K)
• Framing of the picture
• Jpg conversion – compression mode normal - intensity 5

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Critiques [Translate]

Absolutely a lovely image indeed great BG, a good note, details and pov
BRAVO PHILIPPE HORNS

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2016-10-09 14:04]

Salut Philippe.Sans doutes le plus commun oiseaux du monde,j'aime ta differente maniere de le montrer,depuis cette perspective tres curieuse mais sans doutes gagnante,les details sont impressionants,bien fait! Belle semaine et merci,Luciano

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