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Formica rufa

Formica rufa
Photo Information
Copyright: Helmut Roos (buscape) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 355 W: 20 N: 1518] (7615)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2012-05-27
Categories: Insects
Camera: Nikon D40X, AF-S Micro Nikkor 105mm 1:2.8G VR, Nikon TC14EII
Exposure: f/8, 1/200 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2012-06-14 0:45
Viewed: 2906
Points: 10
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note

Class: Insecta; Order: Hymenoptera; Family: Formicidae; Genus: Formica; Species: Formica rufa

Formica rufa, also known as the southern wood ant or horse ant, is a boreal member of the Formica rufa group of ants, commonly found throughout much of Europe[ in both coniferous and broad-leaf broken woodland and parkland. Workers can measure 8–10 mm in length. They have large mandibles and like many other ant species they are able to dispense formic acid from their abdomens as a defence. Formic acid was first extracted in 1671 by the English naturalist John Ray by distilling a large number of crushed ants of this species. A common diet for a wood ant colony is invertebrates found around the nest, particularly aphids harvested from the surrounding trees, although they are voracious scavengers. Nests of these ants are large, conspicuous, dome-shaped edifices, usually situated in woodland clearings, where the sun's rays can reach them. F. rufais commonly used in forestry and is often introduced into an area as a form of pest management. F. rufa is highly polygynous and often re-adopts post-nuptial queens from its own mother colony, leading to old, multi gallery nests which may contain well over a hundred egg-producing females. These colonies can often measure several metres in height and diameter. Formica rufa is aggressively territorial, and will often attack and remove other ant species from the area.

Source: Wikipedia



Klasse: Insekten; Ordnung: Hautflügler; Familie: Ameisen; Gattung: Waldameisen; Art: Rote Waldameise

Die Rote Waldameise (Formica rufa) gehört zur Gattung der Waldameisen (Formica), in der Unterfamilie der Schuppenameisen (Formicinae).
Kopf, Mesosoma und Stielchenglied sind überwiegend rot gefärbt. Die Gaster und die Oberseite des Kopfes sind schwarz. Wangen und Kopfschild sind schwarzbraun, wie auch die Beine, die nur an den Gelenken eine rötliche Färbung aufweisen. Die zwei deutlichen schwarzen Flecken auf Pronotum und Mesonotum sind unscharf umgrenzt. Die Rote Waldameise ist an der Unterseite des Kopfes und am Pronotum viel deutlicher behaart als die Kahlrückige Waldameise (Formica polyctena), mit der sie sehr leicht zu verwechseln ist. So trägt sie am Pronotum mindestens 30 Borsten und an der Kopfunterseite mindestens zehn lange Haare. Das Stielchenglied ist seitlich behaart. Die Körperlängen betragen bei der Königin neun bis elf Millimeter, den Arbeiterinnen 4,5 bis neun Millimeter und den Männchen neun bis elf Millimeter. Die Geschlechtstiere dieser Art schwärmen zwischen Mai und Juni, also etwas später als die von Formica polyctena. Die Rote Waldameise zeichnet sich durch ihre kräftigen Mundwerkzeuge aus. Im Angriffsverhalten beißen die Waldameisen ihren Feind und spritzen Säure in die Wunde. Sie können selbst größere Tiere – wie beispielsweise eine tote Maus – gemeinsam zu ihrem Nest schleppen.

Quelle: Wikipedia

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Critiques [Translate]

Hi Helmut,
nice interesting and unusual photo. Excellent point of view. Great sharpness.
Thanks for sharing,

Ciao Helmut.
Anche questa e Natura,le formiche pensano per l’inverno oramai il piccolo era morto,ottima foto con buoni colori ed un’eccellente nitidezza bravo.
Ciao Marco.

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2012-06-14 15:31]

Hi Helumt,a second dramatic scene in your gallery,the new born haven't the chance,and now is a good food for the ants,an excellent capture as usual whit the best details and colors.Have a nice day and thanks,Luciano

  • Great 
  • Argus Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5038 W: 260 N: 15594] (50626)
  • [2012-06-14 22:01]

Hello Helmut,
This sad sight of a dead nestling is put to life by the activity of these Wood Ants looking for pickings to take to their nest.
The clarity and natural colours are great where in focus, which makes this also not only a nice capture of these ants as a species but a fine record of the process of nature.
Thanks and enjoy your weekend,

  • Great 
  • nagraj Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1618 W: 106 N: 3208] (15166)
  • [2012-06-15 7:07]

Nothing goes to waste in nature, its cycle of life and you have captured it well. Though I am sad about the fate of the chick then the ants are benefited. tfs.

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