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Galerina marginata

Galerina marginata
Photo Information
Copyright: Laszlo Kaposvari (Hormon_Manyer) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1472 W: 308 N: 2610] (10251)
Genre: Fungi
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2009-11-22
Categories: Fungi
Camera: HP Photosmart R817
Exposure: f/2.8
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version, Workshop
Theme(s): JLinaresP Favorite HQ shots, Fungi of Hungary II. [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2010-03-13 10:41
Viewed: 5158
Points: 42
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Hi all,

A couple of days before, in the note of this shot of the fine edible mushroom Kuehneromyces mutabilis, I promised to post a pic of its "toxic pair", the very similar, but deadly toxic Galerina marginata. So, here it is, the Autumn Skullcap, which contains the same amatoxines as Amanita phalloides, the Death Cap.

You have to be a bit experienced to isolate the 2 LBM ("little brown mushrooms") from each other. Some differences:
- Kuehneromyces mutabilis (thereinafter: K) has usually bigger cap diameter than Galerina marginata (thereinafter: G).
- G has a mycenoid habit, with more conical cap.
- both may grow in clusters, with stems united at the base, but alone, too.
- the main substrate of K is dead deciduous woods, while G mostly grows on dead pines, but both may grow (rarely) vice versa - I also found G on beech (Fagus silvatica) once.
- in most of the cases G grows on moss-covered logs, but it isn't a golden rule.
- K has a real ring, while G has cortina (net)
- the stem below the ring is scaly on K, but normally fibrously silky on G.
- while both have hygrophanous cap, K dries from the center outwards (so having a lighter color in the center) and G dries from the edge inwards.

In the workshop photos You can see the typical G gills, stem and cortina.

So, please be careful if You think a mushroom is K before eating. Of course, none of the fungi species are toxic if You only photograph them. :)

Photo: fungi found on dead Pinus silvestris. Shot hand held. PP: optimal levels, selective sharpening, gaussian blur on the background in different doses, cropping, framing, signing, re-sizing.

Thanx for stopping by and commenting. Cheers, Lszl

horias, marianas, maurydv, boreocypriensis, jhm, Dis. Ac., SUBHENDU_BAGCHI, anemone, cobra112, lovenature, Noisette, saeedabbasi, livius, siggi, Alex99, CeltickRanger has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • cloud Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 497 W: 111 N: 1535] (9539)
  • [2010-03-13 11:15]

Witaj Wladyslaw,
I've seen this species very often but in the forest I seek only edible species and these know very well from early childhood because lived at that time almost in the forest. You used very small aperture and fungi aren't properly sharp.
Best regards, Pawel

Hi Laszlo
Wonderful capture and a very good and instructive note!
Thanks !

Ciao Laszlo, lovely composition with beautiful fungi, wonderful natural colors and splendid sharpness, very well done my friend, have a good week end, ciao Silvio

Ciao Ladislao,
splendida immagine che mostra molto bene l'habitat di questo fungo, una nota molto interessante, personalmente per non sbagliare mi sono sempre limitato a raccogliere solo quei funghi edibili inconfondibili, comunque, come dici, non si sbaglia mai a fotografarli solamente e forse ci anche pi utile per l'ambiente; i colori sono molto belli e luminosi.
Grazie e complimenti
Buona domenica
Ciao Maurizio

Hi Laszlo,
A tiny and varied landscape, seems a cut of a fairy tale! good diversity of tones and elements. Among them provide lines that do a nice photo. I like the approach, seeking relevance in the foreground and background depth after. A photo "petite" and deliciously complex!
Very good explanation in the note attached ... in fact, I think an ideal exercise to prevent Alzheimer's! je ... je ... je ... :-)
TFS! regards from Venezuela Laszlo Friend, Have a good Sunday you and your near people!

Hi Bareatom Laszlo;)

Excellent job with the selective focus on the fore one, it looks nice and precise. Such a well suited blurr natural background for stand out against, it all looks well composed too. Great comparative and educative notes on two less known tiny mushrooms.
Nice to know that God is on our side for photographing them:) hehe..
Have a great Sunday MF!
Take care!


  • Great 
  • jhm Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 893 W: 0 N: 507] (1853)
  • [2010-03-13 23:37]

Witaj Laszlo,

This do my think to a fairy tale book with the mushrooms as subject.
Soft colors, fine for look at.
The light and presentation make these picture very attractive.
Very well done, TFS.

Best regards,

Hi Laszlo,

an good composition from these Galerina specie.
A pity the small one are alone sharp and the second not, but you have well deepth in your picture.
I am glad with your knowledge of fungi.


Hi Laszlo,
you have presented here this nice close up of these mashrooms which are toxic. Nice focusing and fine light. Good depth. So informative note to read. Thanks for sharing.
Have a nice sunday.

Hi Laszlo.
Wonderful macro photo, clear details and fine composition.
Also great and useful notes.
TFS and Best regards

Ciao Lazlo. Good colours and light in interesting environment. Bit OOF.


Hi Laszlo
Nice capture of these poisonous Galerina marginata in their natural environment. I like the way they grow up out of the bright green moss. Your notes are informative and I agree that photographing these little guys are much safer than eating.
TFS Janice

hello Laszlo,
beautiful colorful scene and composition, fine photo output!
'keep photographing my friend!" TFS

Hello Laszlo
beautiful shot of this fungus in her natural environment, very pleasant colors of this yellow mushrooms and green moss
great composition
TFS and have a good night

Hi dear Laszlo,

So nice shot from you.Lovely Fungis.
Great composition and nice light.
Very well done

Best wishes dear Laszlo,

Hello Ladislao
composizione molto bella e particolare su questi piccoli funghi che ravvivano un p il sottobosco nella stagione autunnale. Molto buona la nitidezza e la luce molto morbida che sembra davvero accarezzare questi piccoli Galerina marginata. Nota molto interessante. Thanks

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2010-03-15 14:06]

Hello Laszlo,
A very nice capture of these beautiful fungi. Very well composed with sharp details. Thanks a lot for sharing.
Best regards Siggi

  • Great 
  • Alex99 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4072 W: 133 N: 7096] (23735)
  • [2010-03-17 21:38]

Hi Vladyslav.
First of all I like nice framing of the cute scene and composition of the image. Covered by moss old branches or stumps create a wonderful scenery and fungi as always at your picture are fine and nicely presented too. Kind regards and TFS.

  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2010-03-18 3:46]

Hi MF Laszlo,
what a beautiful presentation of these delicate fungi. You captured it and you shared it with the moisture and surrounding intact.
The mosses and the old trunk is very authentic and classically shown.
You composition is lively and the view is lovely.


  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2010-03-20 9:47]

Hi Laszlo,you know how i like these POV and this forest atmosphere...maybe the focus isn't the best but the colors and the composition are truely extraordinaries.My best compliments,have a nice Sunday,LUCIANO

hello Lszl

your superb POV gives us the impression that we are
insects and this is our environment, a excellentl photo
with beautiful luminosity and colour tones, TFS


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