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Cupressus sempervirens (galbulo)


Cupressus sempervirens (galbulo)
Photo Information
Copyright: Roberto Innocenzi (cobra112) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2093 W: 75 N: 6382] (43366)
Genre: Plants
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2010-01-03
Categories: Trees
Camera: Nikon D40X, Sigma 70-300mm F1:4-5,6 DG MACRO
Photo Version: Original Version
Theme(s): Cones And "Coniferal Blooming" [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2010-01-09 4:32
Viewed: 4752
Points: 36
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Genere: Cupressus

Regno: Plantae

Divisione:Pinophyta

Classe:Pinopsida

Ordine:Pinales

Famiglia:Cupressaceae

Genere:Cupressus

Specie: C.sempervirens

Il cipresso mediterraneo (Cupressus sempervirens, L.) è una pianta molto comune in Italia, ma molto probabilmente non è autoctono nonostante oggi rappresenti un specie caratteristica della penisola. Le sue origini sembrerebbero essere dell'area orientale del mar Mediterraneo importato dai Fenici per motivi ornamentali dal momento che la sua forma piramidale è molto caratteristica. Il cipresso mediterraneo è un albero sempreverde che raggiunge i 25 m, ma negli esemplari più vecchi può arrivare anche a 50 m. La sua chioma è molto caratteristica e per motivi ornamentali si sono fatte selezioni mirate ad accentuare questa sua prerogativa trovando così oggi esemplari con la chioma ovale, altri con forma fortemente piramidale. Questo suo aspetto ha permesso all'albero di essere utilizzato anche come frangivento. Possiede una corteccia di colore marrone grigio-bruno con lunghe fessurazioni e il suo legno molto duro è utilizzato per la costruzione di mobili in quanto il suo odore aromatico lo preserva dalle tarme, mentre un tempo era anche utilizzato per la costruzione delle navi, data la sua grande resistenza all'umidità. Le foglie, caratteristiche di tutti i tipi di cipresso, sono di colore verde scuro, molto piccole, lunghe circa 1 mm e appressate al rametto, dando una forma detta squamiforme. I fiori disposti all'apice dei rametti, di colore giallo, sono indistintamente maschili e femminili su tutta la pianta. I frutti sono delle piccole sfere di colore verde chiaro da giovani, dette Galbuli, squamate e, dopo una maturazione lunga due anni, cambiano colore diventando marroni, lignificano e si aprono lungo le fenditure delle squame per far cadere i semi alati (acheni). Originario dell'Asia Minore e del mediterraneo orientale, ma oggi occupa tutto il suo bacino. Predilige aree a clima caldo, con estati secche e soffre i freddi prolungati, ma la sua riproduzione spontanea e l'adattabilità a tutti i tipi di terreno lo ha portato a vegetare un po' ovunque anche fino a 700 metri e su terreni aridi così da essere un albero da rimboschimento. In fitoterapia l'estratto meristematico (delle gemme) viene utilizzato come tonificante dell'endotelio vascolare.


Cupressus sempervirens, the Mediterranean Cypress (also known as Italian, Tuscan, or Graveyard Cypress, or Pencil Pine) is a species of cypress native to the eastern Mediterranean region, in northeast Libya, southeast Greece (Crete, Rhodes), southern Turkey, Cyprus, western Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Malta, Italy, western Jordan, and also a disjunct population in Iran. It is a medium-sized evergreen tree to 35 m (115 ft) tall, with a conic crown with level branches and variably loosely hanging branchlets. It is very long-lived, with some trees reported to be over 1,000 years old. The foliage grows in dense sprays, dark green in colour. The leaves are scale-like, 2-5 mm long, and produced on rounded (not flattened) shoots. The seed cones are ovoid or oblong, 25-40 mm long, with 10-14 scales, green at first, maturing brown about 20–24 months after pollination. The male cones are 3-5 mm long, and release pollen in late winter. It is moderately susceptible to cypress canker, caused by the fungus Seridium cardinale, and can suffer extensive dieback where this disease is common. The species name sempervirens comes from the Latin for 'evergreen'. Mediterranean Cypress has been widely cultivated as an ornamental tree for millennia away from its native range, mainly throughout the central and western Mediterranean region, and in other areas with similar hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters, including California, southwest South Africa and southern Australia. It can also be grown successfully in areas with cooler, moister summers, such as the British Isles, New Zealand and the Pacific Northwest (coastal Oregon, Washington and British Columbia). It is also planted in south Florida as an ornamental tree. In some areas, particularly the U.S., it is known inaccurately as "Italian" or "Tuscan Cypress"; although the species is very commonly cultivated in Italy, it is not native there. The vast majority of the trees in cultivation are selected cultivars with a fastigiate crown, with erect branches forming a narrow to very narrow crown often less than a tenth as wide as the tree is tall. The dark green 'exclamation mark' shape of these trees is a highly characteristic signature of Mediterranean town and village landscapes. Formerly, the species was sometimes separated into two varieties, the wild C. sempervirens var. sempervirens (syn. var. horizontalis), and the fastigiate C. s. var. pyramidalis (syn. var. fastigiata, var. stricta), but the latter is now only distinguished as a Cultivar Group, with no botanical significance. It is also grown for its very durable, scented wood, used most famously for the doors of St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican City, Rome. Cypress used to be used in distilleries as staves to hold mash ferments to make alcohol before the invention of stainless steel. C. sempervirens was known by the ancient Greeks and Romans as "the mournful tree", sacred to the rulers of the underworld and to their associates, the Fates and the Furies. It was customary to plant it by a grave, and, at the time of a death, to place it either before the house of the decedent or in the vestibule, to warn those about to perform a sacred rite against entering a place polluted by a dead body. No Roman funeral was complete without cypress. Mourners carried its branches as a sign of respect and the bodies of the great were laid upon cypress branches before interment. According to Ovid, the tree was named after Kyparissos, a favorite of Apollo. The young boy accidentally slew Apollo’s beloved stag. He became so remorseful that he besought the gods to punish him with everlasting gloom. In compliance they transformed him into a cypress tree. The cypress is the principal cemetery tree in the Muslim world as well as in ancient and modern European cultures.

Hormon_Manyer, anel, hansh, maurydv, Ozgur70, siggi, horias, goatman04, marianas, marius-secan, nglen, nasokoun, boreocypriensis, Silvio2006, Noisette has marked this note useful
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Discussions
ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To Hormon_Manyer: themecobra112 1 01-09 05:11
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Critiques [Translate]

Ciao Roberto,
Great shot of the cone of Cupressus sempervirens, a specie which doesn't grow in my home country, because it's unable to resist frost. Great focus, sharpness, background - the whole image's simple yet beautiful. I really like it. Let me add the photo to my theme.
Ciao e grazie, Ladislao

  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2010-01-09 4:55]

Bonjour Roberto,
Une image de grande qualité de ce cône de cyprès. Un posting intèressant et peu habituel. Et ton image est subtile avec une lumière douce et belle qui éclaire à merveille les structures de ce cône. L'arrière-plan lui aussi est parfait. Excellent!
Bonne fin de semaine
Anne

  • Great 
  • hansh Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 277 W: 1 N: 741] (2762)
  • [2010-01-09 5:05]

Hi Roberto.

An interesting capture, very sharp all the little details are very well to see.
I like the colors and the POV very much.
Thank you for sharing it.

Gr. Hans

Ciao Roberto,
la fotografia è un esercizio molto utile per imparare ad osservare cose che di solito nemmeno vediamo, pur avendole tutti i giorni davanti, poi un'ottima esecuzione tecnica ci restituisce una realtà "interpretata" e una bellezza della natura inaspettata, eccellente definizione e ottimo gioco di luci ed ombre.
Grazie e complimenti
Ciao Maurizio

wonderfu capture.
tfs

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2010-01-09 7:46]

Hello Roberto,
Good detail, colours and sharpness.
Composition and exposure are good. Good POV and DOF.Thanks for posting.
Best regards Siggi

  • Great 
  • horias Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 837 W: 58 N: 2084] (11033)
  • [2010-01-09 8:08]

Roberto
Wonderful sharp details, lovely colors to your capture of C.sempervirens
To us is an exotic plants.
Horia

Hi Roberto
Beautiful, elkegant monochromatic image. Great sharpness, beautiful background, nice mood
TFS
Krzysztof

Hello Roberto,

A great macro with beautiful natural colors, sharpness & details. very nicely taken & presented. TFS & best wishes.

Umar

Roberto
Lovely fruit of this plant!
Great details and colors.
Congratulation!
Mariana

Hello Roberto,
Wonderful capture with exceptional sharp details and amazing colours.
Great composition. The light is exceptional and the blurred dark backgound is great.
Marius.

  • Great 
  • nglen Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2883 W: 30 N: 9683] (36145)
  • [2010-01-09 10:59]

Hi Roberto. Firstly thanks for the interesting notes to go with this first class close up of the Cupressus sempervirens . You have taken this with such sharp focusing and fine detail all with natural colours. Good use of the light. TFS.
Nick..

Con mucha sencillez has creado una buena obra de arte, al captar bien esa superficie plateada del estróbilo del ciprés. Excelente luz y colores.
Saludos Roberto.

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2010-01-09 16:16]

Con sta lente diventa bella ogni cosa..strabiliante!! Scusa la velocita' ma e' tardissimo.....complimenti,meravigliosa! Luciano

ciao Roberto,
very well litted up subject with very good clarity, the composition and the BG are very fine, it's a beautiful and fine photo!
keep photographing! TFS
Nasos

Hi Roberto
Fantastic macro capture from very nice vantage point with perfect focus, excellent DOF, great clarity and delightful composition.
TFS and have a nice day!
Cheers,

Bayram
Ps. Sorry for late commenting. I had some internet connection problems to TN.

Ciao Roberto, certo che te le inventi tutte per provare il giocattolino nuovo, certo che in questo periodo è un po' dificile trovare sogetti interessanti, la macro è tecnicamente splendida, molto luminosa e ben definita, dai che st'estate ne vedremo delle belle:), bravo, buona Domenica, ciao Silvio

ciao Roberto!
bella cromia e definizione...inizia a conoscere il tuo nuovo obbiettivo macro
scattando foto con aperture e tempi diversi...hai tempo per prepararti per l'arrivo degli amici insetti!!!
dopo ieri sera,sono convinto che i cugini,con il fattore c... che si ritrovano,anche questa'anno saranno campioni d'Italia...stasera speriamo sia una bella partita..ciao sERGIO

ciao Roberto
great close-up of this cone, the sharpness is very fine and amazing presentation, beautiful lighting and superb DOF against the Dark BG
Have a good night
Jacqueline

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