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Gonepteryx rhamni

Gonepteryx rhamni
Photo Information
Copyright: Roberto Innocenzi (cobra112) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2093 W: 75 N: 6382] (43366)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2014-04-13
Categories: Insects
Camera: Nikon D300s, Sigma 105mm 1:2.8 EX DG Macro
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2014-04-13 9:06
Viewed: 1113
Points: 16
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Dominio: Eukaryota

Regno: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Subphylum: Hexapoda

Classe: Insecta

Sottoclasse: Pterygota

Coorte: Endopterygota

Superordine: Oligoneoptera

Sezione: Panorpoidea

Ordine: Lepidoptera

Sottordine: Glossata

Infraordine: Heteroneura

Famiglia: Pieridae

Genere: Gonepteryx

Specie: G. rhamni

Gonepteryx rhamni LINNAEUS, 1758, è un lepidottero della famiglia Pieridae, diffuso in Europa e Asia. È una delle farfalle più precoci in quanto sverna allo stato di adulto, protetto nelle cavità naturali: i primi individui volano già in febbraio. Il dimorfismo sessuale è marcato: i maschi hanno un bel colore giallo limone mentre le femmine sono quasi bianche. Il bruco si nutre di spincervino (Rhamnus catharticus).
Lunghezza ala anteriore: 27 -33 mm
Distribuzione in Italia: Tutta Italia isole comprese.
Habitat: margini die boschi, radure e cespuglieti dal livello del mare al piano montano e cacuminale, sino a oltre 2000 metri s.l.m.
Generazioni annuali: una, con sfarfallamento in giugno-luglio. Una seconda generazione parziale in agosto-settembre.
Piante nutrici: Rhamnus catharticus - Rhamnus alaternus - Rhamnus alnus.

The Common Brimstone (Gonepteryx rhamni) is a butterfly of the Pieridae family. It lives in Europe, North Africa and Asia; across much of its range, it is the only species of its genus, and is therefore simply known locally as the brimstone. On the upper side the male is sulphur yellow and the female white with a greenish tinge but both have an orange spot in the centre of each wing. They never settle with their wings open and from the underside the sexes are more difficult to separate but the female is still paler. Their wing shape is unique among British butterflies (although there are similar, closely related species in southern and eastern Europe) and is designed to act as camouflage while they rest and during hibernation. G. rhamni lives in Europe, North Africa and Asia as far east as Mongolia. It is widely distributed across the southern half of the United Kingdom, and has been steadily increasing its range in the north of England but is limited by the distribution of its larval foodplants and is quite possibly close to its maximum possible distribution now unless their foodplants' range also increases. In Ireland, it has a much more localised distribution. G. rhamni is one of the longest lived butterflies, living up to thirteen months, although most of this time is spent in hibernation. As it is often the first butterfly to be seen in the spring, sometimes as early as January when hibernating adults are awoken on a sunny day, there is a popular myth that it is this butterfly which gave us the word butterfly, a corruption of butter-coloured fly. The eggs are laid singly on the leaves of either Common Buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica) or Alder Buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula) – the only two food plants – and females will wander far and wide in search for these particular shrubs. The larvae and Pupae are both green and very well camouflaged making them difficult to find in the wild. Upon emerging from the pupae, Brimstone butterflies spend the summer feeding on nectar to build up energy reserves for the winter and by the end of August they are already beginning their long sleep. They seek out evergreen scrub, a favourite being dense, old ivy growth. The brimstone usually hides until early spring, although a warm January day will occasionally wake an eager male. There is only one brood a year.

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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To Silvio2006: lovely composition with beautiful facades...cobra112 2 04-13 12:45
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Critiques [Translate]

Ciao Roberto, macro impeccabile, nitidezza, dettagli, colori, tutto perfetto, bravissimo, ciao Silvio, lovely composition with beautiful facades, excellent perspective, wonderful colors and splendid light, very well done my friend, ciao Silvio

Hello Mr.Roberto,
Beautiful butterfly.Excellent capture.Nice sharpness with attractive POV.
Thanks for sharing,
Regards and have a nice time,

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2014-04-13 11:51]

Hello Roberto,
Another jewel of a photo. Perfection all over. Fantastic sharpness, details and DOF. Splendid colours and composition. High quality!

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2014-04-13 12:53]

Ciao Roby,praticamente uguale alla mia,solo un po' sbiadita,dettagli al top e.....complimenti!! Buona settimana,Luciano

Hello Mr.Roberto,
照的清晰 很漂亮的蝴蝶
顏色鮮豔華麗 照的很友直感 也非常的細膩
光線亮麗 花朵也很漂亮 尤其是這紫色的花真是特別
構圖美麗 背景深遂

  • Great 
  • KOMSIS Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 820 W: 0 N: 2419] (10674)
  • [2014-04-14 7:16]

Ciao Roberto,
A very good capture of this Gonepteryx rhamni ..
Good details, well exposed and composed.
Best wishes,

hallo Roberto
this is a super picture
great sharpness good details and beautiful colours
thanks greeting lou

Hello Roberto,
Splendid capture of this interesting specie. The green-yellow colors of this specie are superb.

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