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Callophrys rubi

Callophrys rubi
Photo Information
Copyright: Roberto Innocenzi (cobra112) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2093 W: 75 N: 6382] (43366)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2014-06-22
Categories: Insects
Camera: Nikon D300s, Sigma 105mm 1:2.8 EX DG Macro
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2014-07-12 12:34
Viewed: 1358
Points: 22
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Insecta

Order: Lepidoptera

Family: Lycaenidae

Genus: Callophrys

Species: C. rubi

The Green Hairstreak, Callophrys rubi, is a small butterfly in the family Lycaenidae. The genus name Callophrys is a Greek word meaning "beautiful eyebrows", while the species Latin name rubi derives from Rubus (bramble), one of the hostplants. Callophrys rubi has a wingspan reaching about 2630 millimetres (1.01.2 in). The upperside of the wings is a uniform dull brown with two paler patches on the male's forewings made up of scent scales. The undersides are a bright green with a thin white line, often reduced to a faint row of dots or even missing altogether. The iridescent green colour of the undersides is a structural colour caused by diffraction and interference of light by microscopic repeating structures in the wing scales The caterpillars are green with yellow markings along the back. Like other members of the family they are rather sluglike. These butterflies can be found already at the end of March, the flight time usually extend until the end of June, but sometime they were seen in July and early August. They never rest with their wings open, in order to keep its green camouflage. The males show a territorial behavior. The eggs are laid singly.[1] The caterpillars are not known to be tended by ants like some lycid larvae but the pupae, which are formed at ground level, emit squeaks which attract ants and it is thought that ants will always bury any that are found. Green Hairstreaks overwinter as pupae and are univoltine, having one generation of adult butterflies per year. The larva is recorded as feeding on Vaccinium myrtillus, Vaccinum uliginosum, Betula, Rubus idaeus, Vicia cracca, Trifolium medium, Calluna vulgaris, Frangula, Rhamnus, Ribes, Spiraea, Caragana, Chamaecytisus, Hedysarum, Genista, Trifolium and Hippophae rhamnoides in different parts of its range.This polyphagous species has what is probably one of the largest range of foodplants of any British butterfly. Early butterfly collectors thought that the only foodplant was Bramble (blackberry) Rubus fruticosus but as its habits became better understood the list grew and will probably continue to do so. Depending on the habitat it will use Common Rock Rose Helianthemum nummularium, Bird's-foot trefoil Lotus corniculatus, Gorse Ulex europaeus, Broom Cytisus scoparius, Dyer's Greenweed Genista tinctoria, Bilberry Vaccinium myrtillus, Dogwood Cornus sanguinea, Buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica, Cross-leaved Heath Erica tetralix and Bramble. The wide range of foodplants means that this butterfly is able to use a wide range of habitats including chalk downland, heathland, moorland and clearings in woodland. It is present in wetlands as well as on poor dry meadows, at an elevation of about 02,300 metres (07,546 ft). Callophrys rubi is found in most of Europe,[6] North Africa, Russia, Asia Minor, Siberia, Amurland, Baluchistan and Chitral.[2] It is still widespread across most of the UK, although many colonies have been lost in recent years. In Mediterranean countries it is quite localised and it is usually found near the coasts.

Il licaenide del rovo comune e presente su tutto l'arco alpino. Farfalla molto schiva, ha un volo nervoso e svelto. Grazie alla sua colorazione si mimetizza facilmente tra la vegetazione bassa dalla quale si distacca solo per compiere brevi e rapidi voli. Frequenta diversi tipi di habitat: foreste rade, brughiere, sottobosco, arbusteti e radure boschive fino al piano montano. Il maschio ha le ali bruno scuro uniforme; nelle anteriori presente una piccola macchia androconiale grigistra. La femmina ha lo stesso colore del maschio, senza le macchie androconiali. La parte inferiore delle ali, simile per entrambi i sessi, di colore verde chiaro, quasi smeraldo, con tracce puntinate di strie trasversali bianche nelle posteriori. Univoltina. Sverna allo stadio di pupa. Le uova sono deposte singolarmente sulle piante n utrici dei generi Cysus, Genista, Chamaspartium, Chamacytisus, Ulex, Anthyllis, Dorycnium, Onobrychis, Heliathemum, Rubus, Corius, Arbutus, Vaccinium, Rhamus, Fragula, Hippophae. Quando nascono, le larve hanno vita solitaria, presentano una colorazione verde mimetica e si impupano tra le foglie della pianta nutrice oppure sul terreno, sotto pietre e foglie. .

Note in Italiano da: Le farfalle delle Alpi di Gianluca Ferretti. Edizioni Blu. Giugno 2012

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Critiques [Translate]

Pretty image of the green hairstreak. Great aperture makes this one pop right out of the frame. The soft light gives this image an elegant touch. Well done. :)

Hello Roberto-Precise and useful NOTE.Beautiful coloured butterfly this Green Hairstreak.Well captured.Good details and POV.Thanks for sharing.Regards and have a nice WE-Srikumar

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2014-07-12 16:34]

Ciao Roby,una delle mie preferite in versione giallastra montanara,bello vedere questa specie a fine Giugno dove la stagione inizia piu' tardi,cattura impeccabile come sempre.Buona Domenica,Luciano

Ciao Roby,
照得漂亮 也很清楚
照的角度很棒 花朵也很漂亮
構圖美麗 背景深邃

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2014-07-13 3:42]

Hello Roberto,
A very beautiful presentation of this butterfly in amazing sharpness and details. Beautiful natural colours and a pleasing choice of composition.

Ciao Roberto, deliziosa, gran bella tonalita' di verde, bravissimo, saluti dalla Valmalenco, ciao Silvio

good image of wonderful and beautiful butterfly. nice angle and the flowers give more beautify to the frame. tfs.

hallo Roberto
very nice picture with good details and beautiful colours
thanks greeting lou

Real Beauty!!

  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2014-07-15 0:22]

Hi Roberto
the wing is so pretty with lovely colors and excellent details. The powdery like view is really an attraction.
Very exciting muted background.


  • Great 
  • iti Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 577 W: 0 N: 650] (7939)
  • [2014-07-16 8:20]

Hi Roberto,
Fantastic colours of this beautiful butterfly. Excellent sharpness details with nice composition and nicely blurred background. Sigma 105 mm gives really good results.
Regards Jiri.

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