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The last Meadow brown

The last Meadow brown
Photo Information
Copyright: Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2016-09-23
Categories: Insects
Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC HX200V
Exposure: f/4, 1/640 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Map: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2016-11-05 16:13
Viewed: 1313
Points: 12
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
One of the last butterflies of this year,autumn is back and its cold days too...

Class: Insecta

Order: Lepidoptera

(unranked): Rhopalocera

Superfamily: Papilionoidea

Family: Nymphalidae

Subfamily: Satyrinae

Tribe: Satyrini

Subtribe: Maniolina

Genus: Maniola

Species: M. jurtina

The Meadow Brown (Maniola jurtina) is a butterfly found in European meadows, where its larvae feed on grasses, such as Sheep's Fescue.
Similar species are Gatekeeper (which prefers to rest with its wings open) and Small Heath (which is smaller).
There is marked sexual dimorphism in this species. Males are less colorful, with smaller eyespots and much reduced orange areas on the upper forewings. They are also much more active and range far about, while females fly less and often may not away from the area where they grew up.
A variable number of smaller eyespots are usually found on the hindwing undersides. These may number up to 12 per individual butterfly, with up to 6 on each wing. The factors that govern polymorphism in this trait are not resolved, although a number of theories have been proposed (Stevens 2005). On the other hand, the evolutionary significance of the upperwing eyespots is more obvious: The more active males have a markedly more cryptic upperside pattern, whereas the females have more often opportunity to present their eyespots in a sudden display of colors and patterns that presumably makeneophobic predators hesitate so that the butterfly has better chances of escaping.


Maniola jurtina (Linnaeus 1758)
Lepidottero di medie dimensioni caratterizzato dalla livrea marrone-scuro e con sulle ali anteriori un ocello preapicale con pupilla, presente anche sulla pagina inferiore ove spicca sul colore di fondo ocra. Le ali posteriori presentano, di sotto, una colorazione giallo-grigia più uniforme nel maschio, marcata, nella femmina, da una fascia postdiscale chiara contenente una serie di puntini scuri.
La larva svernante riprende all'inizio dell'estate la sua attività compiendo subito dopo la metamorfosi. Generalmente un'unica generazione con sfarfallamenti che si protraggono per tutta l'estate fino ad ottobre. Il bruco ha tegumento verde-giallastro dorsalmente, più scuro ventralmente, con i fianchi percorsi da una linea biancastra sotto gli stigmi. Testa verde-bluastra. Conduce attività notturna nutrendosi di Graminacee (Poa, Agrostis, Bromus ecc.).
Distribuzione ed ecologia
Con alcune sottospecie copre un vasto areale che dalle isole Canarie si estende all'Asia Minore e all'Iran. In Europa si spinge fino alla Scandinavia. Presente ovunque in Italia (subsp. hispulla), dalla pianura ai 1500 m.
Specie comune nel territorio, ove frequenta ambienti assolati e campagne coltivate.

mamcg, amanengone has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Hi Luciano
Excellent. The way the butterfly 'hugging' the flower. Sharp image.


  • Great 
  • tuslaw Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2754 W: 282 N: 4931] (19883)
  • [2016-11-05 17:26]

Hello Luciano,
Unfortunately this is the shape of most butterflies I see now-a-days too. Though it is tattered and torn you still managed to get a great shot of it. I like the way the back lighting seems to illuminate its wings. Nicely posed on this beautiful purple bloom and displaying lovely colors.
The temperature dipped down to 29 degrees F this morning, yet I actually saw a cabbage white flying sluggishly in the field out back.

  • Great 
  • mamcg Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 333 W: 13 N: 91] (9843)
  • [2016-11-05 21:25]

Beautiful, the detailed NOTE very info also the tight crop makes this very charming, well shot.

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2016-11-06 5:24]

Hello Luciano,
Very beautiful photo of this Meadow Brown in back light. Excellent sharply detailed. Nice composition too.

  • Great 
  • cirano Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 997 W: 0 N: 944] (13609)
  • [2016-11-07 0:30]

Nice shot...

Ciao Luciano, che tristezza vederla ridotta così, stagione proprio finita, purtroppo, al solito gran macro con ottima nitidezza e dettagli strepitosi, bravissimo, ciao Silvio

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