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Coenonympha pamphilus

Coenonympha pamphilus
Photo Information
Copyright: Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2018-07-27
Categories: Insects
Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC HX200V
Exposure: f/5.0, 1/800 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Map: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2018-08-10 13:28
Viewed: 415
Points: 8
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
The Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus is a butterfly species belonging to the family Nymphalidae, (subfamily Satyrinae, commonly known as "the Browns"). It is widespread in Eurasia and northwestern Africa, preferring drier habitats than other Coenonymphae. The larval host plants are grasses, notably Sheep's Fescue, Rough meadow grass Poa trivialis.The butterfly loosely resembles a small Meadow Brown, but the brown colour of the wings appears noticeably paler in flight. Unlike the Meadow Brown and other common members of Satyrinae, the Small Heath is a lateral basker, only ever resting with its wings closed and angled at 90 to the sun.
The larvae have lifespans of varying length, even within the same climate, thus the imagines of one generation may be seen over a long period. The butterfly usually has two, occasionally three, broods and is on the wing from mid May until early October (late June to mid August in colder climates). The insect overwinters in its larval stage.
The Small Heath, like its cousin the Wall Brown, has been in serious decline across much of southern England for reasons unclear, and was accordingly designated as a UK BAP Priority Species (research only) by DEFRA in 2007.

Coenonympha pamphilus.

Piccolo lepidottero (apertura alare di circa 30 mm) dalle ali color giallo-camoscio brillante con bordature grigie marginali. Le ali anteriori presentano sopra un piccolo ocello cieco apicale, che inferiormente si ripete con pupilla e cerchiato di giallo. Le parti inferiori sono fulve anteriormente e con una linea postdiscale marcata; posteriormente, evidenziano marezzature chiare e fascia postdiscale biancastra.

Dai bruchi svernanti si hanno, a partire da aprile, i primi sfarfallamenti con una successione di diverse generazioni (anche quattro), che si protrae fino ad ottobre. Il bruco ha tegumento verde su cui spicca una linea medio-dorsale verde scura e una banda biancastra a livello degli stigmi; si nutre di Graminacee dei gen. Poa, Cynosurus, Anthoxanthum, Festuca ecc. Le crisalidi sono sospese.

Distribuzione ed ecologia
Con alcune sottospecie il suo areale abbraccia l'Europa, il Nordafrica e l'Asia. La forma presente in Sicilia, ha parti inferiori con disegni brillanti. Comune in estate in tutto il territorio, ove frequenta ambienti aperti e terreni sabbiosi coltivati.

pierrefonds, mamcg has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Bonjour Luciano,

L'insecte est bien placé dans le cadrage. La prise de vue permet de voir les détails du papillon Fadet commun. La lumière met en valeur la beauté des couleurs. Bonne journée.


Ciao Luciano, comunissima, ma quando la qualità è questa giù il cappello, gran macro, bravissimo, ciao Silvio

  • Great 
  • mamcg Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 333 W: 13 N: 91] (9843)
  • [2018-08-11 7:41]

Beside the detailed NOTE, just I whispered the word "perfect".

Hi Luciana
Yet another well photographed Italian butterfly. Are there any you haven't managed to shoot? (There are probably heaps more out there just waiting for you)

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