|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|From my garden. Taken just before the long Winter starts. |
The Blue Tit (Cyanistes caeruleus or Parus caeruleus) is a small passerine bird in the tit family Paridae. The bird is easily recognisable by its blue and yellow plumage, but its scientific classification is disputed.
Blue tits, usually resident and non-migratory birds, are widespread and a common resident breeder throughout temperate and subarctic Europe and western Asia in deciduous or mixed woodlands with a high proportion of oak. They usually nest in tree holes, although they easily adapt to nest boxes where necessary. The main rival for nests and search for food is the much larger Great Tit.
The Blue Tit prefers insects and spiders for their diet. Outside the breeding season, they also eat seeds and other vegetable-based foods. Blue tits are famed for their skill, as they can cling to the outermost branches and hang upside down when looking for food.
The Blue Tit is usually 12 centimetres long with a wingspan of 18 centimetres for all genders, and weighs about 11 grams.
A typical Blue Tit has an azure blue crown and dark blue line passing through the eye, and encircling the white cheeks to the chin, giving the bird a very distinctive appearance. The forehead and a bar on the wing are white. The nape, wings and tail are blue and the back is yellowish green. The underparts is mostly sulphur-yellow with a dark line down the abdomen - the yellowness is indicative of the number of yellowy-green caterpillars eaten, due to high levels of carotene pigments in the diet. The bill is black, the legs bluish grey, and the irides dark brown. The sexes are similar, but under ultraviolet light, males have a brighter blue crown. Young Blue Tits are noticeably more yellow.
Population and distribution
There are currently around 20-44 million pairs in Europe.
The Blue Tit and the related hybrids are considered native species in areas of the European continent with a mainly temperate or Mediterranean climate, and in parts of the Middle East and North Africa. These areas include the United Kingdom and most of the European Economic Area (except Malta, where they are considered vagrant, and Iceland, where they are absent), plus: Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Libya, Macedonia (former Yugoslav Republic), Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, Russia, Serbia, Switzerland, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey and Ukraine.
The Blue Tit has an average life expectancy of one-and-a-half to three years.
The Blue Tit will nest in any suitable hole in a tree, wall, or stump, or an artificial nest box, often competing with House Sparrows or Great Tits for the site. Few birds more readily accept the shelter of a nesting box; the same hole is returned to year after year, and when one pair dies another takes possession.
Blue and Great Tits form mixed winter flocks, and the former are perhaps the better gymnasts in the slender twigs. A Blue Tit will often ascend a trunk in short jerky hops, imitating a Treecreeper. As a rule the bird roosts in ivy or evergreens, but in harsh winters will nest wherever there is a suitable small hole, be it in a tree or nesting box. Blue tits are very agile and can hang from almost anywhere.
Blue Tits use songs and calls throughout the year. Songs are a mostly used in late winter and spring to defend the territory or to attract mates. Calls are used for multiple reasons. Communication with other Blue Tits is the most important motivation for the use of calls. They inform one another on their location in trees by means of contact-calls. They use alarm-calls to warn others (including birds of other species such as the Great Tit, the European Robin or the Treecreeper) about the presence of predators in the neighbourhood. Scolding for example is used when a ground predator (e.g. Fox, Cat or Dog), a low flying predator or a perched Owl are noticed. Sometimes this is followed by mobbing behaviour in which birds gather together in flocks to counter a predator. The alarm-whistle warns other birds about the proximity of a Eurasian Sparrowhawk, a Northern Goshawk, a Common Buzzard or other flying predators that form a potential danger in the air. A series of high-pitched 'zeedling' notes are given by both partners before and during copulation. The begging-call is used by juveniles to beg for food from parents.
Source: Parts of Wikipedia
maaciejka, cobra112, marius-secan, CeltickRanger, Pitoncle, freakywindow, jusninasirun, pierrefonds has marked this note useful
Only registered TrekNature members may rate photo notes.
|You must be logged in to start a discussion.|
Excellent play of light within the frame,great sharpness and details,lovely catch of impressive pose from a perfect POV.
Thanks and best regards,
- [2013-04-25 7:23]
The lighting is special here for this cute Tit..fine capture. tfs.
還有的姿勢逗趣 眼神也有光彩 很美
what a nice and interesting bird. Perfect point of view. Nice eye contact.
Thanks for sharing,
excellent picture of this Blue Tit with great detail and very perfect colour.
light and BG is also great.
Leuke foto met super kleuren mooie achtergrond en goed van scherpte
Ciao Peter. Wonderful colours and light for the small one in great action! Great compo.
A lovely image with one of the most popular tits in my country. Lovely natural colors and excellent details. Superb contrast against the green background.
Thanks for sharing1
- [2013-04-25 14:19]
wonderful photo of this lovely bird common in my country too,
Excellent details,natural colors, interesting light !
Best regards !
- [2013-04-25 15:16]
Hi Peter,you are lucky to have meetings like this in your garden...ehehe..a great capture from the late autumn and the usual perfect quality of details and colors,i like it! Have a nice day and thanks,Luciano
Excellent close-up photo of the Blue Tit,
with fine POV and framing, wonderful light of
the back-light, excellent focus, sharpness, details, TFS
- [2013-04-26 1:27]
Beautiful bird, very well captured with lovely details and an interesting color combination.
Have a pleasant weekend, Peter!
Agréable valorisation du sujet dans une belle attitude.
A bientôt sur TN pour de nouvelles aventures.
Nice image with beautiful colours and good sharpness.
- [2013-04-28 10:47]
Fantastic capture ..
I liked POV,colors,lighting and framing a lot.
A unique pov capturing this beautiful blue tit. So much details from finely exposed and sharp shot. The smooth background makes the image pops out of my LCD screen.
- [2013-04-29 17:03]
Beautiful image of the cute and chubby little blue tit. The dark background really brings out the details and soft color of the bird. Good compo and good quality photo as always.
The bird is welll placed in the frame. The point of view is showing the details and colours of the Blue Tit. It is clear and sharp. The good luminosity is giving nice tints to the colours. Have a nice day.
Against green BG this birds looks nice.Excellent detaisl and beautiful light and colour.
Thanks for sharing,