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Porcino


Porcino
Photo Information
Copyright: Olgierd Rozycki (rolesox) Silver Note Writer [C: 0 W: 0 N: 173] (1940)
Genre: Fungi
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2012-07-24
Categories: Fungi
Camera: Canon EOS 400D, SIGMA 18-125mm F3.8-5.6 DC OS, Marumi 67 mm UV
Exposure: f/5.6, 1/80 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2012-07-26 13:19
Viewed: 1722
Points: 0
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Picture taken at Bartoszewo forest near Szczecin.
The Boletus edulis, commonly known as penny bun, porcino or cep, is a basidiomycete fungus, and the type species of the genus Boletus. Widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere across Europe, Asia, and North America, it does not occur naturally in the Southern Hemisphere, although it has been introduced to southern Africa, Australia and New Zealand. Several closely related European mushrooms formerly thought to be varieties or forms of B. edulis have been shown using molecular phylogenetic analysis to be distinct species, and others previously classed as separate species are conspecific with this species.
The fruit body has a large brown cap which on occasion can reach 35 cm (14 in) in diameter and 3 kg (6.6 lb) in weight. Like other boletes, it has tubes extending downward from the underside of the cap, rather than gills; spores escape at maturity through the tube openings, or pores. The pore surface of the B. edulis fruit body is whitish when young, but ages to a greenish-yellow. The stout stipe, or stem, is white or yellowish in colour, up to 25 cm (10 in) tall and 10 cm (3.9 in) thick, and partially covered with a raised network pattern, or reticulations.
PL - Borowik szlachetny (prawdziwek, borowik jadalny). Smaczny grzyb jadalny z rodziny borowikowatych. Występuje w Europie i Ameryce Północnej (głównie na zachód od Gór Skalistych, rzadziej w części centralnej i wschodniej kontynentu). Poza tym został zawleczony do Nowej Zelandii i południowej Afryki. W Polsce często spotykany zwłaszcza w górach, rzadziej na niżu, zwykle rzadki w okolicach wielkich miast. Jest jednym z najbardziej poszukiwanych grzybów jadalnych, wysoko ceniony ze względu na walory smakowe. Nadaje się do bezpośredniego spożycia, marynowania, suszenia.


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