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Geranium madeirense II


Geranium madeirense II
Photo Information
Copyright: isabel Abreu (isa) Silver Star Critiquer/Silver Note Writer [C: 49 W: 0 N: 34] (252)
Genre: Plants
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2008-04-03
Categories: Flowers
Camera: Canon EOS 20D
Exposure: f/6.3, 1/80 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2008-07-10 14:25
Viewed: 6449
Points: 8
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
«Laurisilva formerly covered much of the Azores and Madeira and parts of the western Canary Islands, but the forests have been much reduced in extent by logging, clearance for agriculture and grazing, and the invasion of exotic species. The most extensive laurisilva forests remain on Madeira, where they are found between 300 and 1400 meters altitude in the northern slope, and 700-1600 meters altitude in southern slope, and cover 149,5 km². In the Canary Islands, roughly 60 km² of laurisilva remain on Tenerife and over 20 km² in Garajonay National Park on La Gomera, and small areas on La Palma and Gran Canaria. In the Azores, small patches of laurisilva forest remain on the islands of Pico, Terceira, and São Miguel.

The Madeira laurisilva forests were declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999. Predominant lauraceous trees include Til (Ocotea foetens), Loureiro (Laurus novocanariensis), Vinhático (Persea indica), a valuable hardwood, and Barbosano (Apollonias barbujana); other important trees include Aderno (Heberdenia excelsa), Pau Branco (Picconia excelsa), the Mocanos (Visnea mocanera and Pittosporum coriaceum), and Sanguinho (Rhamnus glandulosa), and the small trees or large shrubs Folhado (Clethra arborea) and Perado (Ilex perado). The forests support a diverse understory of ferns and herbaceous plants, including the Leitugas (Sonchus spp.), geraniums (Geranium maderense, G. palmatum and G. rubescens), the Estreleiras (Argyranthemum spp.) and the endemic orchid Goodyera macrophylla.

The laurisilva forests of Macaronesia are relicts of a vegetation type which originally covered much of the Mediterranean Basin when the climate of the region was more humid. With the drying of the Mediterranean Basin during the Pliocene, the laurel forests gradually retreated, replaced by more drought-tolerant sclerophyll plant communities. Most of the last remaining laurisilva forests around the Mediterranean are believed to have disappeared approximately 10,000 years ago at the end of the Pleistocene, when the Mediterranean basin became warmer and drier, although some remnants of the laurel forest flora still persist in the mountains of southern Spain, north-center of Portugal and northern Morocco, and two constituent species (Laurus nobilis and Ilex aquifolium) remain widespread. The location of the Macaronesian Islands in the North Atlantic Ocean moderated these climatic fluctuations, and maintained the relatively humid and mild climate which has allowed these forests to persist to the present day.»

In: wikipedia.org

nirmalroberts, Juyona, Pitoncle, xuaxo has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Hi Isa,
Nice picture. Valuable information. TFS.
- Nirmal

  • Great 
  • Juyona Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor [C: 2232 W: 10 N: 2971] (16891)
  • [2008-07-11 0:50]

Hola amiga,
que buena foto de este geranio,
bello color y encuadre,
perfecto bg...
buena nota, tenemos en común un montón de especies...
saludos Isa.

Bonjour Isabel,
C'est bien composé avec une bonne maitrise de la lumière qui fait bien ressortir les détails et resplendir les couleurs.
A bientôt sur TN pour de nouvelles aventures.
Gérard

  •      
  • xuaxo Silver Star Critiquer/Silver Note Writer [C: 25 W: 0 N: 16] (110)
  • [2008-07-11 6:24]

Olá Isa,
Cá está mais um gerânio. Gosto de ver a posição descentrada da flor. Bons detalhes.
F

Ciao Isabel, my today neighbour, splendid flower with fantastic colors, beautiful details and excellent sharpness, wonderful blurry BG, very well done, ciao Silvio

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