|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|History of Mohos Peat-Bog:|
In the beginning, there were two volcanoes: Mohos and St. Ana. Mohos died out and a lake was formed on top of it. Later on ,St. Ana blew up (also starting the formation of the lake there is today) and the volcanic ash, carried by the wind, settled at the surface of Mohos lake, forming a bed of fertile soil. In time, plants grew and died on it, and so formed a lair of peat. This lair is nowadays 15 meters in some areas of the peat-bog, and thinner in others. 150 years ago, there were reported 32 small lakes (places where water wasn't covered by peat/soil) in Mohos. Today, there are only 15 (?). The deepest is 14 m deep, and the largest in surface has ~300 sq meters. Mohos is continuously being covered up - it's a natural process.
The Mohos peat bog counts for a rarity of nature, being declared as a natural sanctuary. The strictly protected natural reservation is in the immediate neighborhood of the Saint Ann lake. The tourists are not allowed to visit the peat bog alone; they have to pay a small fee for a guide and follow strictly the wooden walkway, otherwise it could be dangerous due to the instable peat bog surface (as a sponge). During hard windy storms, an astonishing fact is reported: due to floating capability of the peat, the entire surface of the peat is moving like a single piece and one can notice it. At the bounds of the bog, where the peat ends, there is still left a channel filled with water, separating the peat from the real land ; those channels, albeit they are apparently covered, filled with vegetation, allow the slow drift of the peat. At the edges where the land comes in contact with the peat we can see root out fallen trees and erosion of the real soil due to the huge pressure of the drifting peat. The bog is famous for the rare and protected plants you can find here, some of them being remnants of the last ice age: over 20 species and varieties of Sphagnum (peat moss), bushes of cranberries (Vaccinium oxycoccos), bog rosemary (Andromeda polifolia - contains grayanotoxin, which when ingested lowers blood pressure, and may cause respiratory problems, dizziness, vomiting, or diarrhoea), bent reed, buirush, osier, sundew (Drosera obovata, Drosera rotundifolia:2 species of insectivorous), the endemic dwarf birch and the tomentous birch. Because the peat is thinner in the middle, the pines have grown only 1,5 - 2 meters tall despite the fact that some of them have the patriarchal age of 300-400 years.They're called "midget pines". In spring, the flourishing vegetation transforms the peat in a colorful fairy land.
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