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Emberiza citrinella

Emberiza citrinella
Photo Information
Copyright: Grosu Lucian (Luke) Silver Note Writer [C: 1 W: 0 N: 10] (44)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2011-04-03
Categories: Birds
Camera: Canon EOS 1000D, Sigma 70-300mm F4-5.6 DG Macro
Exposure: f/7.1, 1/500 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2011-04-03 14:56
Viewed: 3028
Points: 3
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
The Yellowhammer, Emberiza citrinella, is a passerine bird in the bunting family Emberizidae. It is common in all sorts of open areas with some scrub or trees and form small flocks in winter.

The Yellowhammer is a robust 15.517 cm long bird, with a thick seed-eater's bill. The male has a bright yellow head, yellow underparts, and a heavily streaked brown back. The female is much duller, and more streaked below. The familiar, if somewhat monotonous, song of the cock is often described as A little bit of bread and no cheese.

Its natural diet consists of insects when feeding young, and otherwise seeds. The nest is on the ground. 3-6 eggs are laid, which show the hair-like markings characteristic of those of buntings.


It breeds across Europe and much of Asia. In parts of Europe it is in serious decline; in the UK the species fell by 54% between 1970 and 2003. In Europe and Asia most birds are resident, but some far northern birds migrate south in winter.


It is most commonly found on lowland arable and mixed farmland, probably due to the greater availability of seeds. It nests in hedges, patches of scrub, and ditches, especially if these have a wide grass margin next to them, and a cereal crop next to the margin. Hedges of up to two meters tall are preferred, and they will not nest until it is in full leaf, building the nest next to the hedge if it is built before this. In winter, the flocks feed at good seed sites, such as newly-sown fields and over-wintered stubbles.
The Yellowhammer was introduced to New Zealand in 1862 and is now common and widespread there.


Cereal, grasses (e.g. Meadow Grass, Fescue, Ryegrass), Common Nettle, dock, knotgrass Polygonum aviculare, Fat Hen Chenopodium album, Common Chickweed Stellaria media, Mouse-ear Cerastium, Bramble, Vetches, Clover, Forget-me-not, Dandelion, Knapweed, Sow-thistle Cicerbita, Yarrow, Plantains Plantago
Invertebrates - mainly, but not exclusively - taken through the breeding season:
Springtails, mayflies, grasshopper, cockroach, earwigs, bugs Hemiptera, lacewings, caddis flies, sawflies, spiders, woodlice, , caterpillars, flies, beetles, earthworms, snails
They are more able to feed on the slower-moving invertebrates.

This photo was taken in a meadow near Suceava River.

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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To michal: Emberiza citrinellaLuke 1 04-04 00:33
To Ferret: Emberiza citrinellaLuke 1 04-04 00:28
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Critiques [Translate]

Nice shot, but I do not think it is a Serin, its a male Yellowhammer (Emberiza citrinella)

I agree with Andrew, this is Emberiza citrinella (Yellowhammer). Anyway, a very good photo, so busy with all those sticks and yet well presenting the main subject. Maybe I'd just move the frame so the bird was more to the left, the composition would be a bit better that way.

  • Good 
  • Rhea (10)
  • [2011-04-04 4:27]

I do like the composition though it is taking the focus away from the bird.

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