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Pandinus imperator


Pandinus imperator
Photo Information
Copyright: Lucas Aguilar (laguilar) Silver Note Writer [C: 0 W: 0 N: 63] (213)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2010-08-19
Categories: Spiders
Camera: Sany Xacti HD1010
Exposure: f/1.9
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2011-01-18 0:19
Viewed: 2772
Points: 0
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note [Spanish]
Biotope:

Hot and humid tropical regions of West Africa. Lives in empty holes or dug themselves up to 30 cm deep.


Distribution:

Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Gabon, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria and Togo (although probably also found in other countries in the region).
This is the most common species in captivity. After many years been exported from West Africa.


Form:

Flat, narrow body has two clips similar to lobsters, eight legs and a segmented abdominal tail that curls over the back of the animal, ending in a sting powered by a pair of venom glands.


Colouring:

Glossy black body, which can sometimes be dark brown tones and even some green. The pedipalps (claws) can be reddish brown and granular texture. The "hairs" that have so much in the pedipalps, metasoma and telson sensory purposes are clearly visible to the naked eye.


Size:

Between 12 and 18 cm usually, but some cases are known where they have come up to 20 cm.


Sex differences:

Females are significantly larger and stout. The males have the tail segments longer and, at times, thinner and more clips hairy.


Temperature:

Keep the terrarium always above 22 º C and below 32 º C, with a midpoint (about 27 º C) recommended.


Water:

As for humidity, this should be around 70-80%, so spraying a little water in the morning should be sufficient.


Aquarius:

In general it should be about 3 times wider than the animal's length and up to twice the width. From a small plastic container to a glass aquarium could serve provided it is properly ventilated, and although the nature burrow in captivity do not usually do so we will not worry us too much by the thickness of the substrate. Require no special lighting, including light coming through a window would suffice. Substrate should be used as coconut fiber.


Food:

Strictly carnivorous. As a major food source should suministrársele crickets once or twice a week, but any small animal that is smaller than him (other arachnids, reptiles, insects or small mammals) would be equally well received. When capturing a victim with the tweezers, you inflict a sting with the paralyzed abdominal stinger with a neurotoxin. It is helpful to have access to a small bowl with water to prevent dehydration.


Behavior:

Tranquil nature and nocturnal habits. Should be avoided to the maximum direct contact with the animal, and besides its painful sting but not deadly for people in general, it is preferable to avoid it, because everyone reacts differently to the poison.
Life expectancy: Up to 10 years, but usually between 5 and 8.


Reproduction:

Not too difficult to achieve, as long as the temperature and humidity are adequate. Spermatophores leave the terrarium. Usually placed between 9 and 20 eggs (although there are texts that say even up to 32), whose gestation period is around 7-9 months, sometimes more if the animal is experiencing stress or conditions are not ideal. Calves at birth are whitish.
After a while start to become darker in color going from a bright brown to jet black. Remain with the mother for a short period of time. It carries the young in the back and as a rule do not do anything, but sometimes it might prey on them, so if we see that this becomes a habit will be separated to prevent scorpions eat small, despite that the offspring have a high survival rate. It is advisable to change the container from which get the water, a damp sponge so that the offspring can not drown.
In the wild it takes between 3 and 7 years to mature, although in captivity if they are in good condition can reach maturity about the year.


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