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In the black and deep forest

In the black and deep forest
Photo Information
Copyright: Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2013-05-22
Categories: Insects
Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC HX200V
Exposure: f/4.5, 1/1000 seconds
Details: (Fill) Flash: Yes
More Photo Info: [view]
Map: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2013-05-23 4:11
Viewed: 1572
Points: 48
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Class: Insecta

Order: Lepidoptera

(unranked): Rhopalocera

Superfamily: Papilionoidea

Family: Nymphalidae

Subfamily: Satyrinae

Tribe: Elymniini

Subtribe: Parargina

Genus: Pararge

Species: P. aegeria

The Speckled Wood (Pararge aegeria) is a butterfly found in and on the borders of woodland throughout much of Europe. In Northern and Eastern Europe where subspecies P. a. tircis occurs it is brown with pale yellow or cream spots and darker upperwing eyespots. In southwestern Europe the subspecies P. a. aegeria has a colour which is more orange in the background; the hindwing underside eyespots are reddish brown rather than black or dark gray. The two forms gradually intergrade into each other. The speckled wood also occurs in North Africa and on the Atlantic island of Madeira. Molecular studies suggest that the African and Madeiran populations are closely related and distinct from European populations of both subspecies, suggesting that Madeira was colonized from Africa and that the African population has a long history of isolation from European populations.
Females have brighter and more distinct markings than males. The wingspan of both males and females is 4–4.5 cm, although males tend to be slightly smaller than females. Males are highly territorial and will defend their territory against intruding males. For finding females, there exist 2 basic strategies: Some males will vigorously defend a perch and the immediate surroundings, waiting for females to pass by. Others will patrol a larger territory.
Males have either 3 or 4 upper hindwing eyespots. The fourth spot shows only in flight. It appears that the 4-spotted morph tends towards patrolling behaviour to finds mates. This agrees with the probable function of the eyespots to entice predators like birds to aim for the wing margin (which may be damaged without much affecting the butterfly) rather than the body. On the other hand, habitat is apparently a major factor influencing mate-finding strategy: perching behavior is more common in males of conifer woodland, whereas males of meadows tend towards patrolling behavior.
The caterpillar is green with a short, forked tail and feeds on various species of grass including Yorkshire Fog. The chrysalis (pupa) is green or dark brown. The species is unique in its ability to overwinter in two totally separated developmental stages, as pupae or as half-grown larvae. This leads to a complicated pattern of several adult flights per year.

Satiro di media grandezza (apertura alare 40-50 mm), con colore di fondo giallo-arancio e disegni scuri a scacchiera. Superiormente, le ali anteriori presentano un piccolo ocello apicale, le posteriori tre ocelli forniti di pupilla. Le parti inferiori hanno disegni confusi su di un fondo giallo-verdastro. Sessi simili, a parte la vistosa macchia androconiale dei maschi.

Sverna allo stadio larvale (talvolta anche come pupa) e da marzo inizia una serie di generazioni che si protraggono fino ad ottobre. Il bruco è verde-giallastro con una banda medio-dorsale verde-scura e due appendici anali bianche; sue piante nutrici sono Graminacee di vario genere (Agropyron, Dactylis, Poa, Triticum ecc.). Le crisalidi sono di tipo sospeso.

Distribuzione ed ecologia
Il suo areale si estende dall'Europa all'Asia centrale; presente anche in Nordafrica ed Asia Minore. In Europa è diffusa ovunque, tranne Scandinavia settentrionale, ed è in espansione nelle isole britanniche. Specie comune nel comprensorio, particolarmente legata ad ambienti ombrosi o umidi, come prati prospicienti a bacini lacustri.

ramthakur, Alex99, josediogo1958, cloud, CeltickRanger, jcoowanitwong, Hotelcalifornia, Ishi, anel, pierrefonds has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

After having lost a day of posting, we are neighbours today, Luciano.
Your Speckled Wood looks beautiful against the dark BG induced by fill flash. That the butterfly was in deep shade can be made out from the dense vegetation around it.
The lateral POV shows the subject in perfect detail.
Thanks and regards.

Ciao Luciano, garn bella macro, ottima nitidezza e splendidi dettagli, qui anche oggi piove che Dio la manda, se continua così tra un po' abbiamo il mare anche in Umbria..., bravo, ciao Silvio

  • Great 
  • Alex99 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4072 W: 133 N: 7096] (23735)
  • [2013-05-23 5:35]

Hi Luciano.
You have selected POV excellently. Butterfly pictured at such POV is looked unusually a bit and vey attractively. Fill flash have selected details of the insect perfectly. Dark BG give dramatic mood of the shot. Warm regards and TFS.

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2013-05-23 6:15]

Hello Luciano,
The light of the flash did a wonderful thing in this macro. It highlighted the butterfly very beautiful in a great contrast against the background. Superb sharpness and details.

  • Great 
  • hsn6a Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 160 W: 0 N: 435] (8652)
  • [2013-05-23 7:04]

Hello Luciano,
great capture pararge and nice details species,thanks..

Hello Luciano,
Beautiful butterfly picture against a natural ambiance.
perfect sharpness and colour.
very well composed picture.

Boa tarde Luciano
Wonderful capture of this species my Friend.Great light management for the best result with the dark BG.Wonderful colours and excellent sharpness.Thank You.
Have a great day!
Um abraço


Beautiful photo Luciano! Good composition, fantastic colours and impressive sharpness!

Ciao Luciano. Flashata provvidenziale per staccare lo scuro della farfalla con quello dello sfondo. Bene i colori. Super dettaglio.


  • Great 
  • cloud Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 497 W: 111 N: 1535] (9539)
  • [2013-05-23 10:50]

Hello Luciano,
There is nicely to look at your photo. All the details are visibly exactly. I haven't seen this species in nature.
Regards, Pawel

Hello Luciano

The photo with your new camera are becoming
more and more beautiful, great macro of this
butterfly with very fine POV and DOF, for the
framing I would just cut from the image at the
left side (behind the butterfly), lovely light,
great focus, sharpness, and details, TFS


  • Great 
  • tuslaw Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2754 W: 282 N: 4931] (19883)
  • [2013-05-23 17:04]

Hello Luciano,
Your choice of using fill flash really brought out the color and unique wing markings. I really like the dark BG as it makes you focus more easily on the intended subject. Excellent exposure and nice DOF.

Hi Luciano. Very nice to see the amber colours of the butterfly against the black background. Using your flash did wonders for it. I wonder if a different POV would have given you a better background though. Maybe if you tilted the camera to the left and you made the grass he's standing on the bottom of the picture. Of course they don't stay in one spot long enough for that many shots I'm guessing. LOL Wonderful work Luciano. TFS Trevor

Hi Luciano, You did great in this low light environment. The image is crisp and the depth is perfect. Very pleasing picture. JC

Hello Luciano,
Excellent picture of this Butterfly.Interplay of light and shade with great details on wings made it attractive.You have chosen right POV too.
Many thanks for sharing such beautiful picture,
Kind regards,

  • Great 
  • senn Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 58 W: 2 N: 155] (1384)
  • [2013-05-24 1:09]

great highlighting of the pf and effective expo here, Luciano .. I like its comp too


  • Great 
  • Ishi Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 298 W: 21 N: 1943] (13387)
  • [2013-05-24 2:47]

Beautiful butterfly. Excellent use of the flash!

Have a pleasant weekend, Luciano,


  • Great 
  • Tina Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 60 W: 0 N: 132] (1427)
  • [2013-05-24 4:13]

Ciao Luciano,
Awesome details, colors and light ! Beautiful composition ! TFS Tina

  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2013-05-24 4:24]

Bonjour Luciano,
Il faut s'enfoncer dans la forêt pour voir un papillon:-)Le résultat est très beau en tous cas. Chez nous il fait froid comme en hiver, en ce moment rien à se mettre sous la dent:-(

A very beautiful image with great sharpness and color.


Hola Luciano,
un punto de vista (POV) superior, TFS, have a nice WE

  • Great 
  • iti Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 577 W: 0 N: 650] (7939)
  • [2013-05-24 10:42]

Hi Luciano,
Fantastic detail and focus,amazing colors
with good composition.
Regards Jiri.

Ciao Luciano, bella farfalla con bei colori e ottima nitidezza. Qua la temperatura pare che sia in leggero aumento così da favorire l'uscita di qualche farfalla, vedremo...
Oggi è sabato per te, visto che domani sei di chiusura. Buona caccia...

Bonjour Luciano,

La végétation cadre bien le papillon. La prise de vue permet de voir avec précision les détails et les couleurs du papillon Tircis. La bonne luminosité fait ressortir les couleurs. Bonne journée.


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