|Copyright: Ali ramezanian (aliramazanian)
|Date Taken: 2010-01-25|
|Exposure: f/7.1, 1/1000 seconds|
|More Photo Info: [view]|
|Photo Version: Original Version|
|Date Submitted: 2013-07-21 1:06|
|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
The Common Redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus), or often simply Redstart, is a small passerine bird in the redstart genus Phoenicurus. Like its relatives, it was formerly classed as a member of the Thrush family (Turdidae), but is now known to be an Old World flycatcher (Muscicapidae).
Taxonomy and systematics
Two subspecies are accepted. The nominate P. p. phoenicurus is found all over Europe and reaches into Siberia. To the southeast, subspecies P. p. samamisicus is found from the Crimean Peninsula through Turkey, the Middle East, and into Central Asia. It is slightly smaller than P. p. phoenicurus and in adult males has white outer webs in the remiges to some extent, forming a pale to whitish wing-patch similar to the one seen in Black Redstart and Daurian Redstart. This patch is also present but less conspicuous in immature males, and sometimes in adult females. The subspecies intergrade widely in Turkey and the southern Balkans.
The closest genetic relative of the Common Redstart may be the Moussier's Redstart, though incomplete sampling of the genus gives some uncertainty to this. Its ancestors were apparently the first redstarts to spread to Europe; they seem to have diverged from the Black Redstart group about 3 mya, during the Piacenzian. Genetically, Common and Black Redstarts are still fairly compatible and can produce hybrids that appear to be healthy and fertile, but they are separated by different behaviour and ecological requirements so hybrids are very rare in nature.
Distribution and habitat
Common Redstarts prefer open mature birch and oak woodland with a high horizontal visibility and low amounts of shrub and understorey especially where the trees are old enough to have holes suitable for its nest. They prefer to nest on the edge of woodland clearings. In Britain it occurs primarily in upland areas less affected by agricultural intensification, but further east in Europe also commonly in lowland areas, including parks and old gardens in urban areas. They nest in natural tree holes, so dead trees or those with dead limbs are beneficial to the species; nestboxes are sometimes used. A high cover of moss and lichen is also preferred. They also use mature open conifer woodland, particularly in the north of the breeding range. Management to thin out the trees is thus favoured.
From Wiki .
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- [2013-07-21 1:14]
A perfect portrait of your Redstart. Nicely balanced, good colour and DOF. All the colours go together so well. Well done.
- [2013-07-21 1:16]
Hi Ali,a very professional capture of this beautiful redtstart,i like the decentralized composition and the great contrast whit the blue sky in background,perfect details,colors and exposure.Have a nice Sunday and thanks,Luciano.
- [2013-07-21 2:00]
Fazntastiuc presentation of this Redstart. Excellent sharpness, details and an attractive composition. Splendid natural colours, very nice contrasting against the beautiful blue sky in the background.
照的很清晰 也是很美麗的鳥 尤其羽毛真是亮麗
構圖清朗 真是美麗 謝謝分享
- [2013-07-21 4:26]
Bella cattura per questo uccello. Belli i colori e il POV. Well done.
Nice image with good sharpness and colros