|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|The tiny flower was being captured in the Negev area, in between shrubs and prickles.|
The Negev is a large desert which encompasses about half the land mass of Israel.
It is framed by the borders of Jordan and Egypt, with its southernmost tip at Eilat.
The Negev desert in southern Israel is a remarkable arid region which forms part of the great Saharo-Arabian desert belt which extends from the Sahara and the Atlantic seaboard on the west side of Africa, across the Arabian desert to the desert of Sind in India in the east. Comparatively small, the Negev has had, however, an intriguing history of settlers, occupiers and passers through including Nabateans, Romans, Byzantines, Ottomans, British, Bedouin and Israelis. This rich socio-historical tapestry is linked to a landscape that is well endowed with historical sites, sublime landscape scenery and a robust and varied fauna and flora. The great variety of wildlife to be found here is intricately woven into the past and present of the landscape that results from an interaction between the people, the geography and climate.
The interesting variety of plant species to be found in the region is due to the fact that the Negev is not a heterogeneous desert. In fact it is quite the opposite, as it consists of many varying desert types. The area ranges in elevation from sea level along the Mediterranean and the Gulf of Eilat, to over 1000m in the Negev Highlands. To the east, the land drops to minus 400m at the lowest place on earth at the Dead Sea.
The plants of the Negev belong to 4 main phytogeographic types. These are:
• Mediterranean -
Approximately 800 species becoming less prevalent away from the Mediterranean Sea.
• Saharo-Arabian -
Approximately 300 species in areas where there is very little precipitation of 150 mm - 25 mm per annum.
• Irano-Turanian -
Approximately 300 species. This is 13% of Israel’s flora found in continental climate areas with extreme temperatures and precipitation between 300 mm and 150 mm per annum.
• Sudanian -
Found mainly in the southern Negev and Arava (The Great Rift Valley) comprising mainly Acacia and other thorn species, dwarf shrubs and African grasses.
The xerophytic plant species include trees, shrubs, annuals, perennials, geophytes and parasites growing in a variety of soils where moisture is hard to come by and where salinity levels may be very high. In fact some of the halophytic species actually grow in the waters of the Dead Sea where saline levels are far above the saline levels of normal seawater.
Samion has marked this note useful
Only registered TrekNature members may rate photo notes.