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Photo Information
Copyright: Seyfi Karaman (KOMSIS) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 820 W: 0 N: 2419] (10674)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2013-07-11
Categories: Insects
Camera: Nikon D 800E, Sigma 150mm f/2.8 APO MACRO EX DG OS, HOYA HD UV 72 mm
Exposure: f/7.1, 1/250 seconds
Details: Tripod: Yes
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2014-07-28 7:09
Viewed: 1902
Favorites: 1 [view]
Points: 42
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Parnassius apollo, (Linnaeus,1758)

Turkish Name: Apollo Kelebeği

Distribution in Turkey: Marmara region, the Eastern Mediterranean, Central Anatolia, Eastern Black Sea region, Eastern Anatolia.

Distribution in the world: From Europe-[ Mountains of Spain, France, Italy, Alps, Carpathians, Southern Germany and Balkans. Also Southern Scandinavia (not Denmark), Southern Poland and Slovakia. Widespread in many places but can be rare in some of the less extensive mountain ranges.] to Central Asia, North Asia, Southeast Asia, the Far East, are seen as regions with locally.

Living Area: Mainly inhabits subalpine meadows with rocky outcrops and stone deposits from usually above 1500 meters. Sometimes butterflies fly into the alpine zone and subnival found in meadows or middle mountain zone.

Flight time: Late July, fly up to the end of August.

Food Plants of the caterpillar: After hatching, the caterpillars, "Sedum album" fed the leaves of plants thrive.

Description-Notes: Type Locality: Sweden. A Large Butterfly. Magnificent mountain species with a distinctive floating flight. Forewing has four large black spots, two of them in cell. Two large black-ringed red or orange hindwing eyespots usually have white pupils. Apollo butterfly living in mountainous regions at an altitude of 1000-6000 meters, is a species that can survive. This moth-like black feathers on their bodies are covered with fur. Dark color of the body, the butterfly help absorb heat from the sun. White wings with black spots than the other large. Thus, a larger surface provided to receive the sun's rays. In addition, this method, the butterfly wings can help an extraordinary rise. The wings are very thin, so it is almost transparent. This is easily absorbed by the sun's rays will help the butterfly. Mate and lay eggs in the first half of August. Complement the development of flight passes around 360 days and 5 days. Ulaşabilmektedir.Ölmeden butterflies begin to fly in the first days of August before the 12 cm length at equal intervals of 100 eggs around the plants called sedum leaves complements the life of the butterfly.

Protection Status: The Apollo butterfly has many subspecies around the world, and some European subspecies are showing an alarming decline in numbers. Apollo butterflies are in danger extinction. The reason is unclear, but reduces the number of insects in the collection of persons engaged in collection. However, this business has an impact on the disease and acid rain.
This is mainly caused by habitat destruction, air pollution affecting the insect's food plants, and butterfly collectors.

Wingspan: 60-95 mm long.

Similar Species:
• Small Apollo - Parnassius phoebus (Fabricius, 1793)
• Caucasian Apollo - Parnassius nordmanni (Ménetries,1850)
• Clouded Apollo, Clouded Parnassius- Parnassius mnemosyne (Linnaeus,1758)

Mythological: Apollo (Απόλλων-Greek mythology) - the son of Zeus and Leto, brother of Artemis, the god of beauty and light, one of the most revered gods of the ancient Greek religion.

• The Far East and Asia, are seen as regions with locally. The species often forms local varieties
-Maharaja Apollo, Parnassius maharaja, (Avinoff, 1913)
-Karakoram Banded Apollo, Parnassius hunza, (Grumm-Grshimailo, 1888)*
-Ladakh Banded Apollo, Parnassius stoliczkanus, (C. & R. Felder, 1865)
-Parnassius acdestis, Parnassius acdestis (Oberthür, 1883)*
-Imperial Apollo, Parnassius imperator augustus, (Oberthür, 1883)
-Regal Apollo, Parnassius charltonius, (Gray, 1853)
-Varnished Apollo, Parnassius acco, (Gray, 1852)
-Hannyngton's Apollo, Parnassius hannyngtoni, (Avinoff, 1916)
-Blackedged Apollo, Parnassius simo, (Gray, 1853)
-Common Blue Apollo, Parnassius hardwickii, (Gray, 1831)
-Keeled Apollo, Parnassius jacquemontii, (Boisduval, 1836)
-Common Red Apollo, Parnassius epaphus, (Oberthür, 1879)
-Parnassius actius, Parnassius actius, (Eversmann, 1843)
-Large Keeled Apollo, Parnassius tianschianicus, (Oberthür, 1879)
-Nanda Devi Apollo, Parnassius nadadevinensis, (Weiss, 1990)

1. Baytas A., 2007. A field guide to the butterflies of Turkey, NTV Yayinlari, Istanbul..20 pp.
2. Babochki-kavkaza’s: Lepidoptera Caucasi - Apollo
3. AdaMerOs Kelebek’s: Turkiye Kelebek Gozlemcileri - Apollo
4. Moths and Butterflies: Europe and North Africa- Apollo
5. EuroButterflies : Matt Rowlings's European Butterflies Species Page - Apollo
6. Lepiforum.de: Help for determining the proven European butterfly species - Apollo
7. Trakel’s: Anonymous Butterflies of Turkey - Apollo
8.Lepidoptera Swedish: Moths and Butterflies - Apollo


Silvio2006, Hotelcalifornia, CeltickRanger, Alex99, NikosR, Hormon_Manyer, summers, periko has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Ciao Seyfi, great mscro of fantastic rare butterfly, splendidsharpness, wonderful colors and fine details, very well done, my friend, ciao Silvio

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2014-07-28 9:05]

Hi Seyfi,one of the most beautiful butterfly in a spectacular capture,fantastic exposure for the best white and impressive detail too,2 points are not enough today,i'm very jealous of your pic! Have a nice evening and thanks,Luciano

Hello Seyfi-Very useful and Precise NOTE,which we see in your all picture.Excellent picture of this beautiful coloured Butterfly.Splendid red and black dots on white wing made it attractive.Nice sharpness and details too.Like BG.Thanks for sharing.Regards and have a nice time-Srikumar

Hello Seyfi

Excellent macro of this butterfly, with fine POV
showing its beautiful patterns, great exposure
to obtain details of the white parts, TFS


Hello Seyfi,
Image très réussie avec une netteté parfaite du sujet et un beau bokeh.
Merci du partage.

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2014-07-28 10:18]

Hello Seyfi,
Splendid macro in very beautiful colours and great sharpness and details. The contrast against this background is gorgeous. Excellent composition.

A spectacular shot Seyfi. Perfect in every way. TFS Trevor

  • Great 
  • Alex99 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4072 W: 133 N: 7096] (23735)
  • [2014-07-28 10:59]

Hi Seyfi.
What a beautiful butterfly you managed to capture. Simply amazing wingspread and impressive upper POV. I am amazed with refined exposure and reproduction of colouration of the insect as well as the reproduction of all other charming features of the species. Well done and TFS.
P.S. How do you reconcile with the need to reduce the size of the shot from 36 MP to 800x800 pixels. I think about D810.

  • Great 
  • NikosR Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 76 W: 3 N: 447] (3436)
  • [2014-07-28 11:39]

Hello Seyfi

Very beautiful capture of this beautiful butterfly, splendid sharpness, fine details, vivid and clear colors,very nice BG and composition. Congrads



Hello Seyfi!
Superb macro shot of this amazingly beautiful butterfly. Great sharpness and details attained from a perfect point of view. Superb BG. Thanks for sharing this lovely composition.
Best Regards,

hallo Seyfi
great sharpness composition with beautiful coloursand nice light
thanks gr lou

A real beauty!!!Good work!!!

  • Great 
  • iti Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 577 W: 0 N: 650] (7939)
  • [2014-07-28 12:56]

Hi Seyfi,
Nice colours with excellent sharpness details
and nice depth of field. Fantastic portrait beautiful butterfly. Excellent blurred background.
Regards Jiri.

Merhaba Seyfettin bey,
What a gorgeous shot of the Apollo! Simply breathtaking. I don't even try to find the right words to describe this magical image. Absolutely the photo of the day to me. Hats off of you.
Best regards, László

  • Great 
  • Cobo Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 236 W: 1 N: 535] (5799)
  • [2014-07-28 14:37]

Uauhh! What a great macro here of this beautiful one! The sharpness, light, background, color and presentation are great. Congratulation and thank you for sharing it. Saludos.

Hi Seyfi. Wow what beautiful colours complemented by the dark green background, very strong composition, nice and sharp, wonderful picture here my good friend, for me 10/10 for this one well done,

Best Regards,


I have never seen one of these in Central Anatıolia. Our archaeological site, Kerkenes near Yozgat, is at 1500 m absl. Great photo, thanks for sharing it. Geoff

Hello Seyfi,
Brilliant capture.....Incredible clarity, focus and sharp details. Very nice image. The exposure is perfect. I like this interesting scene with a lovely specie of butterfly. I never meet this specie around my region.
Thanks for sharing!

  • Great 
  • tuslaw Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2754 W: 282 N: 4931] (19883)
  • [2014-08-30 19:13]

Absolutely gorgeous specimen Seyfi!!
You were fortunate it opened it's wings just enough to capture both pair of red eye spots. This is such a beautiful butterfly which you have photographed, thus allowing us to view it in exceptional detail and stunning color. Great job!!

Just fantastic. I love this specie! Stunning details and sgarp against the blurred BG. Well done Seyfi!


  • Great 
  • periko Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 70 W: 2 N: 145] (1487)
  • [2014-10-11 21:28]

Hi Seyfi
A real beauty!
Pattern, colors, sharpness are superb.
Great work.


Wonderful details.


  • Great 
  • OzBY Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 183 W: 2 N: 351] (1355)
  • [2015-08-02 4:34]

Hi Seyfi,
Great picture of this lovely butterfly
Great sharpness, color and background

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