|Copyright: Dawn Scott (dawnscott1964) (86)|
|Date Taken: 2012-10-02|
|Categories: Water Plants|
|More Photo Info: [view]|
|Photo Version: Original Version|
|Date Submitted: 2012-10-18 16:54|
|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|Taken from my backyard these ever faithful berry producing weeds keep popping up near the creek (during the rainy seasons here in Ky) The stalks are purple as well as the berries they produce. When the berries first start they are white. They will turn your fingers and hands purple and yes it will stay till it wears off in 2 weeks time. Would not dare to taste one of these as I assume they are either poisonous or can make you very sick. Caterpillars love them as when we moved here one of them was actually 7 to 8 feet tall and the stalk was about an inch and a half in diameter and the caterpillars had spun cocoons all around it. May just leave this one to grow and see if I can get a picture to post on here. If anyone could help me out on what this is I would greatly appreciate it. Enjoy.|
after finding out that these was poke weed here is some information I found out about the plant:
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Pokeweed)
This article is about a genus of plants many of which are called pokeweeds. For American Pokeweed, see Phytolacca americana.
Not to be confused with Veratrum viride, also called Indian poke
Phytolacca acinosa foliage and fruit
(unranked): Core eudicots
Pircunia Bertero ex Ruschenb.
Phytolacca is a genus of perennial plants native to North America, South America, East Asia and New Zealand. Some members of the genus are known as pokeweeds or similar names such as pokebush, pokeberry, pokeroot or poke sallet. Other names for species of Phytolacca include inkberry and ombú. The generic name is derived from the Greek word φυτόν (phyton), meaning "plant," and the Latin word lacca, a red dye. Phytolaccatoxin and phytolaccigenin are present in many species which are poisonous to mammals if not cooked properly. However, the berries are eaten by birds, which are not affected by the toxin because the small seeds with very hard outer shells remain intact in the digestive system and are eliminated whole.
The genus comprises about 25 species of perennial herbs, shrubs, and trees growing from 1 to 25 m (3.3 to 82 ft) tall. They have alternate simple leaves, pointed at the end, with entire or crinkled margins; the leaves can be either deciduous or evergreen. The stems are green, pink or red. The flowers are greenish-white to pink, produced in long racemes at the ends of the stems. They develop into globose berries 4–12 mm diameter, green at first, ripening dark purple to black.
The Ombú Phytolacca dioica grows as a tree on the pampas of South America and is one of the few providers of shade on the open grassland. It is a symbol of Uruguay, Argentina and gaucho culture. P. weberbaueri from Peru also grows to tree size. Both species have massively buttressed bases to their trunks, and very soft wood with a high water storage capacity which makes them resistant to grass fires and drought.
Phytolacca americana (American pokeweed, pokeweed, poke) is used as a folk medicine and as food. For many decades, poke salad ('poke salat') has been a staple of southern U.S. cuisine, where it is cooked and rinsed at least twice to remove the harmful component. All parts of it are toxic unless properly prepared. Toxic constituents which have been identified include the alkaloids phytolaccine and phytolaccotoxin, as well as a glycoprotein. Pokeweed berries yield a red ink or dye, which was once used by aboriginal Americans to decorate their horses. The Constitution of the United States was written using ink made from pokeberries. Many letters written home during the American Civil War were also written in pokeberry ink; the writing in these surviving letters appears brown. The red juice has also been used to symbolize blood, as in the anti-slavery protest of Benjamin Lay. A rich brown dye can be made by soaking fabrics in fermenting berries in a hollowed-out pumpkin.
Some pokeweeds are also grown as ornamental plants, mainly for their attractive berries; a number of cultivars have been selected for larger fruit panicles.
Pokeweeds are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Giant Leopard Moth.
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