|Copyright: Melina Viero de Moraes (melinaXIII)
|Date Taken: 2007-01-15|
|Camera: Canon Powershot A520|
|Exposure: f/3.0, 1/200 seconds|
|Photo Version: Original Version|
|Date Submitted: 2007-01-15 18:29|
|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note [Portuguese]|
|Dandelion (Taraxacum) is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. They are tap-rooted biennial or perennial herbaceous plants, native to temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere of the Old World.|
The genus is taxonomically very complex, with numerous macrospecies, and polyploidy is also common; over 250 species have been recorded in the British Isles alone (Richards 1972). Some botanists take a much narrower viewpoint, and only accept a total of about 60 species.
The leaves are 5-25 cm long, simple and basal, entire or lobed, forming a rosette above the central taproot. As the leaves grow outward they push down the surrounding vegetation, such as grass in a lawn, killing the vegetation by cutting off the sunlight. A bright yellow flower head (which is open in the daytime but closes at night) is borne singly on a hollow stem (scape) which rises 4-30 cm above the leaves and exudes a milky sap (latex) when broken. A rosette may produce several flowering stems at a time. The flower head is 2-5 cm in diameter and consists entirely of ray florets.
Dandelions are used as food plants by the larvae of some species of Lepidoptera.
Away from their native regions, they have become established in the Americas, Australia and New Zealand as weeds. They are now common plants throughout all temperate regions.
jeanpaul, XOTAELE has marked this note useful
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J'aime cette photo. bonne composition et très original. La netteté et les couleurs parfaite. Félicitation et bonne journée !
Buenos detalles Melina. Un fondo estupendo para resaltar la planta.
Un saludo desde Gran Canaria.