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Kiokio - Blenchum novae-zealandiae

Kiokio - Blenchum novae-zealandiae
Photo Information
Copyright: Janice Dunn (Janice) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3277 W: 148 N: 6163] (18832)
Genre: Plants
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2008-01-31
Categories: Bushveld
Camera: Canon EOS 30d, Canon 70-300mm DO IS USM
Exposure: f/13.0, 1/25 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Theme(s): Janice's FerNZ [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2008-02-02 11:25
Viewed: 4327
Points: 12
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Blechnum / formerly called Blenchnum capense

Maori name: Kiokio.
Other names: Gully Fern. Palm-leaf fern.

True Ferns (Polypodiophyta)

Ferns are one of the most diverse group of living land plants; it's estimated that there are 11,000 species in 300 genus. Ferns are typically found in moist forested areas although some hardy species can be found in coastal, urban, and even in desert locations. They vary in form and size. Some aquatic ferns have fronds less then 25 mm, where as tree ferns can grow to 10 meters in height, with fronds as long as 3 meters. With many smaller plants the stem is underground, and the fronds being the only visible parts. New Zealand has around 164 different fern species many of which are widespread.

Blechnum novae-zealandiae, or Kiokio, as it is known in its Maori name, is a New Zealand native fern, a common species bearing oval fertile and sterile fronds. It is very common and is found in many places, the most widely distributed species of ferns in New Zealand. It grows plentifully on clay banks along roadsides and rivers. The long cascading fronds (can grow up to up to 2m long and 50cm wide) are a bright colour when new, and turn light green and then darker green as they mature.

This photo shows 2 stages in the growth of a Kiokio. The new fronds of the plant are pinnate and fishbone-shaped and brightly coloured. This frond has reddish-orange new growth, and the mature fronds are the green ones below.

I have found while photographing these ferns that not all plants are the same I guess that is because they have fertile and sterile fronds, and Im not sure what fronds are what!!

Most are ground-dwellers that prefer moist soil. Where these plants grow there is a drain at the base of the cliff that is quite swampy all the time.

Jamesp, buin, boreocypriensis, blakitan, Ena, marhowie has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To buin: Hello againJanice 1 02-02 15:26
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • Jamesp Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1369 W: 9 N: 6334] (18906)
  • [2008-02-02 11:41]

Hi Janice

Lovely compsition with and abstract feel to it - great colours and contrast between the ols and new fronds.


  • Great 
  • buin Silver Note Writer [C: 6 W: 0 N: 10] (64)
  • [2008-02-02 12:23]
  • [+]

Hallo Janice!
Here you are! ;-)
You show us a wonderful natural "pattern" here and all these structure in this photo really create a great impression. a not everyday's photo!
Greetings from Germany - with 15 cm snow!

Hello Janice!
A wonderfull capture of a fern, Kiokio which I have never seen before. The fish-bone stage resembles ribs! interesting! Thanks lot for sahering friend!

Hi Janice,

Interesting fern leaf, very nicely captured.
Nice contrasting colors between the main subject -the kiokio leaf- with its surroundings.
Well done.

Ben Lakitan

  • Great 
  • Ena Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 324 W: 61 N: 594] (2454)
  • [2008-02-02 16:54]

Hi Janice,
Interesting Fern!
Nice colors and composition!

Interesting composition showing the different stages of growth Janice, I like it :)
Excellent notes as always from you..
Well done!

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