|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
Synonyms: Bergera koenigii, Chalcas koenigii.
Common names: Curry Tree, Curry-leaf Tree.
Plant: 4-6m tall. Small tree.
Leaves: Pinnate, with 11-21 leaflets, each leaflet 2-4cm long and 1-2cm broad.
Flower: Small white, and fragrant.
Fruit: The small black, shiny berries are edible, but their seeds are poisonous.
A tropical to sub-tropical tree in the family Rutaceae, which is native to India.
The species name commemorates the botanist Johann Gerhard Koenig.
They are commonly used as seasoning in Indian and Sri Lankan cooking, much like bay leaves and especially in curries with fish or coconut milk. In their fresh form, they have a short shelf life though they may be stored in a freezer for quite some time. They are also available dried, though the aroma is inferior.
Various biological activities of Murraya koenigii include antidiabetic, antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, anti-hypercholesterolemic etc.
Volatile oil is used as a fixative for soap perfume. The leaves, bark and root of the plant are used in the indigenous medicine as a tonic, stimulant, carminative and stomachic.
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