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Honey fungus

Honey fungus
Photo Information
Copyright: Jose Conceicao (jconceicao) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 369 W: 18 N: 842] (3174)
Genre: Fungi
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2004-11-20
Categories: Fungi
Camera: Canon IXUS 400
Exposure: f/7.1, 1/60 seconds
Details: (Fill) Flash: Yes
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version, Workshop
Date Submitted: 2008-07-28 9:17
Viewed: 6177
Points: 18
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Honey fungus

Armillaria Mellea

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

Honey fungus or Armillaria is a genus of parasitic fungi that live on trees and woody shrubs. It includes about 10 species formerly lumped together as A. mellea.
Armillaria is long lived and form some of the largest living organisms in the world. The largest single organism (of the species Armillaria ostoyae) covers more than 3.4 square miles (8.9 km˛) and is thousands of years old. Some species of Armillaria are bioluminescent and may be responsible for the phenomena known as foxfire and perhaps will o' the wisp.
As a forest pathogen, Armillaria can be very destructive. It is responsible for the "white rot" root disease (see below) of forests and is distinguished from Tricholoma (mycorrhizal) by this parasitic nature. Its high destructiveness comes from the fact that, unlike most parasites, it doesn't need to moderate its growth in order to avoid killing its host, since it will continue to thrive on the dead mater
The fruiting bodies of the fungus are mushrooms that grow on wood, typically in cestipose clusters. The cap is 3–15 cm in diameter, typically has a honey yellow-brown color, and is covered with small dark scales. The stem may or may not have a ring. All Armillaria species have a white spore print and none have a volva (see Amanita).
Honey mushrooms are edible and are easy to identify. Grossly similar species include Pholiota sp. which also grow in cestipose clusters on wood and fruit in the fall. However Pholiota sp. have a yellowish to greenish yellow cast and a dark brown to grey-brown spore print. Mushroom hunters need to be especially wary of Galerina sp. which can grow side by side with Armillaria sp. also on wood. Galerina has a dark brown spore print and is deadly poisonous (alpha-amanitin) – see: Mushroom poisoning. There are some reports of temporary stomach problems, especially when eaten raw.

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Ciao Jose, lovely composition with a lot of fungi, great sharpness and splendid light, very well done, ciao Silvio

  • Great 
  • Janice Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3277 W: 148 N: 6163] (18832)
  • [2008-08-18 1:25]

What a lot of Honey fungus. So it is a parasitic fungi - but what a great shot showing them all growing together like this Jose. There must have been well over 50 - or even 100.
How exciting it must have been to find them
Your notes are very interesting too - thank you.
Well done

  • Great 
  • vral Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 65 W: 1 N: 218] (1049)
  • [2008-08-23 18:45]

Hello Jose,

Very nice capture of this Honey Mushroom. Intresting to know about their longivity. I've not seen this before.
Thanks for sharing

Hi Jose.
I always thought Honey fungus lived off dead wood, so that is interesting in your notes to read it is parasitic and will kill its living host plant because it lives off both alive and dead.
Lovely use of fill flash, shows the caps and skirts below the caps, not to bright, keeps the natural colour, nicely done.
I did check the histogram on your photo and there is room to move the middle to light tone up a little. As always it is individual preference on the lighting of our images. I have done a workshop for you just as a suggestion, again, individual preference.
Slight sharpen would help bring out the detail in the caps and stalks also.
Beautiful bunch in such good condition, well seen.


  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2008-09-19 3:42]

Hello Jose,
this is a very exciting and interesting fungus. Beautifully layered and very details and sharp. Wonderful light control and well composed in diagonal setting.


hello Jose
very nice picture
i have also a lot of this fungi seen in holland
greeting lou

hola Jose,
exceptional colony of mushrooms
compliments for this capture

best sERGIO

Hi Jose,

I really like this composition, a very attractive group of mushrooms, and one of my favorite species, both to photograph and to eat.

However, the image has a strong, green cast to it, that's my only complaint, and I addressed that with a workshop posting where I corrected the color, also increased contrast just a little, using the Levels adjustment for both, in Photoshop CS2, hope you don't mind.


Hi Jose,

a phenomena: a waterfall of fungi :-)



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