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Cervus Nippon

Cervus Nippon
Photo Information
Copyright: Paul Haynes (PaulH) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1137 W: 26 N: 3879] (13882)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2008-09-28
Categories: Mammals
Camera: Canon EOS 40D, Sigma EF 70-300mm f/4.0-5.6 APO DG Macro, 58mm UV
Exposure: f/5.0, 1/120 seconds
Photo Version: Original Version
Theme(s): Joe's Favourites 2, Open Up....II [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2008-09-30 10:40
Viewed: 5408
Favorites: 2 [view]
Points: 56
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note

this was taken at Arne Nature Reserve on the western shores of Poole Harbour, on the same early morning as my last couple of posts from here.
I had hoped to get some shots of some Stags fighting, but unfortunately on this occasion everything seemed peaceful. This particular stag had himself a 'harem' of about 6 females (Hinds), which he kept tight together close by him.

A female photographer was gored badly here last year, because she got too close to a Stag who saw her as a threat and charged, resulting in some horrific injuries. Needless to say, i kept a respectful distance..

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Artiodactyla
Family Cervidae
Genus Cervus
Size Male weight: 40 - 70 kg
Female weight: 30 - 45 kg
Male shoulder height: 70 - 95 cm
Female shoulder height: 50 - 90 cm


Locally common and increasing introduced species. Under Schedule 9, Section 14 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, it is illegal to release this species into the wild.


The sika deer has a greyish-brown coat in winter, which becomes lighter in colour in summer, with light spots and a dark stripe along the back. There is a white rump-patch bordered by black. The antlers differ in shape from those of red deer (Cervus elaphus) in that the front spikes point forwards rather than towards each other.


Introduced to British deer parks from Japan in 1860, the sika deer is now widespread in Scotland and occurs more patchily in England and Northern Ireland. It does not occur in Wales.


Tends to prefer deciduous and mixed woodlands with dense undergrowth, on damp ground where the soil is acidic. They also occur in commercial conifer plantations, gardens and farmland.


This species is active throughout the 24-hour period, but in areas disturbed by humans they tend to be more active under the cover of darkness. They may occur either solitarily, or in single-sex groups where population densities are higher, and large herds may gather during autumn and winter. Sika deer browse on trees and shrubs, and also feed on grasses, sedges, holly, conifers, fungi, acorns, bark, heather and ivy . This species causes a great amount of damage, being a serious pest of woodland and farmland.

During the breeding season, or 'rut', which occurs between late August and October, males occupy territories and compete for access to females. These contests involve vocalisations such as screaming, parallel walking and eventually fighting, which can result in serious injury and even death. The successful stags then mate, and hinds (females) give birth, usually to a single calf, in May and June.

Introduced sika deer crossbreed with native red deer, causing hybridisation where the two species occupy the same range. This poses a threat to the red deer as it dilutes the gene pool.


This introduced species is not threatened; its populations are managed under the Deer Act of 1991 in England and Wales, and under the Deer (Scotland) Act 1996 in Scotland. Under Schedule 9, Section 14 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, it is illegal to release this species into the wild.


No conservation action has been targeted at this species

taken at a distance of about 30metres, handheld and shot in RAW. curves adjusted, converted to JPEG and then resized and sharpened.

Thanks for looking...

nglen, robindb, eqshannon, techranger, lovenature, Heaven, rcrick, Jamesp, Juyona, horia, anel, Adanac, bobcat08, Evelynn, Trekker317, uleko, goldyrs, iris, cataclysta has marked this note useful
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Add Critique [Critiquing Guidelines] 
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To joey: saturdayPaulH 4 10-02 13:50
To horia: Hi MatePaulH 2 10-01 03:03
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • nglen Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2883 W: 30 N: 9683] (36145)
  • [2008-09-30 10:56]

Hi Paul. First class picture of the Stag. Such warm colours in the morning sun light. Fine detail in the fur, i like the golden colour of the bracken. well done TFS.

  • Great 
  • efsus Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 415 W: 11 N: 843] (3947)
  • [2008-09-30 11:09]

Merhaba Paul,
Gerçekten harika bir çalışma.
Renkler kompozisyon ve detaylar enfes.
Seyri çok hoş bir kare .
Elinize sağlık.


Hi Paul,

Excellent detail and colours with good composition. I especially like the background which fades away leaving the spotlight on the subject. The open mouth adds to the story.


If I had said it once, then redundancy is my middle name..but that APO at eh end of lens nomenclature is the key...without it, 2/3rds or more of the prices comes off...I had the lower priced one before se3lling out...I simply could not justify and of course my range of animals do not come close to yours...a fine example...sent you a note on previous...

  • Great 
  • Argus Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5038 W: 260 N: 15594] (50626)
  • [2008-09-30 11:52]

Hello Paul,
You caught this stag in a fine pose in superb lighting that enriches the colours of the whole image. The FG heather and BG gorse and pines add nicely to the composition as well as indicating the Arne habitat. Technically excellent too.
TFS this delightful image,

bonjour paul
une tres belle lumiere et de jolies couleurs qui en decoule.
l'attitude du cerf est aussi tres bien,vous avez reussi là ou pour l'instant j'echoue.
merci du partage.

  • Vinster Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 91 W: 5 N: 185] (789)
  • [2008-09-30 12:38]

Hi Paul
Great shot of the Sika stag. I hadn't heard about the goring incident at Arne last year, sounds nasty! People often underestimate the power of certain animals (too many Disney movies? :) - I've personally seen a New Forest Pony hoof a child several yards when they approached its foal too closely.

Excellent light quality which picks up the autumn shades of the old heather blossoms nicely. The pose of the stag is good too.
Kind Regards

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2008-09-30 13:09]

Hello Paul,
The morning light in your last photos is so beautiful..splendid!
The surroundings of this Sika is really perfect. The photo also is pin-sharp. Excellent timing and composition.This is really high quality!!!

All I can say is that you've done an abosolutely perfect job with this shot.


What a rack and looks like he is turning to face another challenge. Fantastic capture and great detail... lighting is perfect. Well done... TFS


Hi Paul
Wow, isn't this a majestic looking stag! The colours are fantastic. I love the way you've captured him standing amongst the low shrubs, looking behind him. I wonder if he's calling out to his girlfriends. Well done.
TFS Janice

  • Great 
  • Heaven Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 996 W: 123 N: 2341] (7912)
  • [2008-09-30 21:51]

Hi Paul!

Impressive, powerful and so beautiful! The colours and the lighting are simply superb, but what makes this picture an outstanding one is its expression, the atmosphere it generates. This is wildlife at best!

Kind regards


Hi Paul,

This is just a stunning shot of this very impressive looking stag; That early morning light is just superb, really giving this shot a wonderful golden glow, excellent detail, with a wonderful array of colours, superb work mate. t.f.s

Cheers Rick :)

  • Great 
  • Jamesp Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1369 W: 9 N: 6334] (18906)
  • [2008-09-30 23:47]

Hi Paul

Superb shot - all aspects - pose, detail, layers of colour . . . .

Into my favourites.


  • Great 
  • pvs Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1127 W: 254 N: 3161] (14464)
  • [2008-10-01 0:14]

Hi Paul,

A superb capture with great use of the morning light,the colors looking great,well composed capture against the natural BG,well done and tfs


  • Great 
  • Juyona Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor [C: 2232 W: 10 N: 2971] (16891)
  • [2008-10-01 0:30]

Hola Paul,
precioso trabajo,
y la iluminación y colorido es prefecto...
fino disparo amigo,

  • Great 
  • horia Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2158 W: 224 N: 4749] (16656)
  • [2008-10-01 1:01]
  • [+]

Hi Paul

An excellent capture of this lovely stag, my friend!
It's interesting that these introduced species adapted so well in those condition...do you know if they do any harm to the ecosystem by that? I'm only asking because i know that pheasants for example kill and eat a lot of snakes (a natural element) and they too are introduced here from other regions of the globe and present very little natural predators.
Anyway, this whole mumbo-jumbo doesn't have anything to do with your splendid shot. Even though you have some problems with the mount of this lens, it appears to be working fine and delivered splendid sharpness and beautiful colors here.
Excellent use of the shallow DOF here (i also see you didn't use your entire zoom) that made sure that the stag would stand out well from its surroundings. The morning light is equally gorgeous and came with a whole bunch of brilliant colors and tones everywhere.
Finally, the pose of your subject is outstanding - it's like he's enjoying the beautiful sunrise, too :)


  • Great 
  • eliz Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 167 W: 20 N: 271] (1537)
  • [2008-10-01 1:18]

the colors of this image are outstanding. also the subject pose

  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2008-10-01 4:55]

Hello Paul,
Early morning light makes miracles! All the last pictures you have taken are brilliant because of the soft and beautiful atmosphere created by the rising sun. But efforts are needed to catch these special moments. On this picture I also like the pose and the vivid look of the Cervus. Interesting to read that this is not an European species and that it even gave hybridisation between them and the local ones.
Un grand merci

  • Great 
  • Adanac Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1273 W: 1 N: 6188] (21378)
  • [2008-10-01 6:57]

Great capture Paul the stag looks very attentive and alert. Our bull elk are very dangerous this time of year and thats from personal experience. Superb work as always Paul.

Hi Paul,

The morning light in this photo is so beautiful. Always warm colours in the morning sun light. Splendid men. The enviroment is beautiful. This is a majestic looking stag. The photo also is pin-sharp.
In one word: A PERFECT SHOT.

Cheers and TFS BOB

  • Great 
  • joey Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1739 W: 224 N: 6872] (24909)
  • [2008-10-01 14:39]
  • [+]

This one of your best ever wildlife shots, Paul!!
The light is superb.
Excellent pose.
Very good sharpness.

Into my favs!
Very well done mate!


p.s I'm really looking forward to what photos you get on Saturday, judging by this they should be awesome!

Hi Paul,

The lighting and the rich color is special in this shot. That was a profitable morning! It is technically very well handled. I love all the details, the pose and the interesting surroundings.

Evelynn : )

Absolutely beautiful capture with all of its magic... Nothing else! TFS!

Bonjour l'ami,

Wow...Congratulations ! Fabulous lighting and warm colours, fantastic capture and excellent composition.

Thank for sharing this magical image.

Best regards,Thierry

  • Great 
  • uleko Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3396 W: 172 N: 3310] (10940)
  • [2008-10-02 9:28]

Hello Paul,
You've really found yourself a wonderful new theme and made fantastic use of your visit to this Nature Reserve! You've caught this stag in a wonderful pose and the early morning light is delightful!! Excellent POV, great sharpness and beautiful colours. Very well done!
TFS and cheers, Ulla

One knows that if someone could make creation look even better than what it is, it's you...Having said that, we speak of genres, and you've shown us that you're a master at landscapes, time and again. And now we have this, a domain you're again the master of!With this one single shot, you'vebecome one of my favourite shots at wildlife, too, mate!
You're simply the best!Love this stuff, bro, it makes me want to explore newer horizons and improve!
Thanks for sharing this superb shot, and keep doing this...experimenting with new genres!

And another feast here...
I do like the party. Awesome light!!!
Wonderful moment. And look at these colours...
This is music, Paul.
Congrats again...

  • Great 
  • iris Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 479 W: 60 N: 970] (3088)
  • [2008-10-14 4:50]

Hey Paul,
A fight ...in this atmosphere....even i dont think so....this looks so romatic and this one despite his macho image looks more of handsome and dashing than anything..or is it the mellow mood magic that is getting on to me....:)
Another fantastic capture par excellence....superb eye contact and pose frozen....once again the flowering shrubs and the lighting adds to the composition..with the stag looking an absolutley glorious subject.
Wud love to add this to my "Unforgettable" theme.
TFS & Cheers

Hi Paul
It is beautiful. Fantastic early morning light. Great DOF - I like the distant OOF trees in background Nothing to critique ;-)


This is a beautiful photo. I've been searching for a Sika deer photo to include in a book we are publishing, and would love to use yours. Please contact me and I can provide you with information on payment, etc.

Thank you,

Dan Downing
Adventure Publications
820 Cleveland Street S
Cambridge, MN 55008
[email protected]

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