|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note [Polish]|
|Bee, Olympus E-10 + close-up +10dpi|
Bees (Apoidea superfamily) are flying insects, closely related to wasps and ants. There are approximately 20,000 species of bees, and they may be found on every continent except Antarctica. Bees are adapted for feeding on nectar and pollen, the former primarily as an energy source, and the latter primarily for protein and other nutrients. Most pollen is used for food for the brood.
Bees have a long proboscis that enables them to obtain the nectar from flowers. Bees have antennae made up of thirteen segments in males and twelve in females. They have two pairs of wings, the back pair being the smaller of the two.
Bees play an important role in pollinating flowering plants, and are called pollinators. Bees may focus on gathering nectar or on gathering pollen, depending on their greater need at the time. Bees gathering nectar may accomplish pollination, but bees that are deliberately gathering pollen are more efficient pollinators. It is estimated that one third of the human food supply depends on insect pollination, most of this accomplished by bees.
Bees are fuzzy and carry an electrostatic charge, thus aiding in the adherence of pollen. Bees periodically stop foraging and groom themselves to pack the pollen into specialized pollen baskets which are on the legs of honeybees and some other species, and on the ventral abdomen on other species.
Bees are extremely important as pollinators in agriculture, with contract pollination having overtaken the role of honey production for beekeepers in many countries. Monoculture and pollinator decline have increasingly caused honeybee keepers to become migratory so that bees can be concentrated in areas of pollination need at the appropriate season. Many other species of bees are increasingly cultured and used to meet agricultural pollination need. Bees also play a major, though not always understood, role in providing food for birds and wildlife. Many of these bees survive in refuge in wild areas away from agricultural spraying, only to be poisoned in massive spray programs for mosquitoes, gypsy moths, or other pest insects.
Many species of bees are poorly known. The smallest bee is a dwarf bee (Trigona minima) and it is about 2.1 mm (5/64") long. The largest bee in the world is the Megachile pluto, which can be as large as 39 mm (1.5").
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witaj, fajna ta pszczolka ci wyszla:D podoba mi sie :) super oly wyciagasz:d
- [2005-06-14 0:24]
Excellent macro shot Norbert. Nice details, sharpness and DOF. Well done, :) thanks for sharing
- [2005-06-14 9:39]
very good macro shot! excellent details, colours, composition! congratulations
bardzo udana pszczółka, bardzo dobra ostrosc no i GO. Ja bym moze ciutenieczke dodala z dolu i wpasowala swoją (wiesz ktorą) rameczke. Napewno wiele by nie pomogla bo zjecie jest bardzo dobre ale dodalaby smaczku, mojego smaczku ;-)