|Copyright: Emilian Pricop (Emiii)
|Date Taken: 2008-07-30|
|Exposure: f/4.5, 1/200 seconds|
|More Photo Info: [view]|
|Photo Version: Original Version|
|Date Submitted: 2009-04-13 13:49|
|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|"Edelweiss" redirects here. For other uses, see Edelweiss (disambiguation).|
Leontopodium alpinum - foto - aug 2008, a alpine plant species present in the Romanian Carpathians-Ceahlau Mountain.
Leontopodium alpinum, is one of the best-known European mountain flowers, belonging to the sunflower family (Asteraceae). The name comes from German edel (meaning noble) and weiß (meaning white). The scientific name, Leontopodium means "lion's paw", being derived from Greek words leon (lion) and podion (diminutive of pous, foot).
Flowering stalks of edelweiß can grow to a size of 3–20 cm (in cultivation, up to 40 cm). The leaves appear woolly because of the covering of white hairs. The flowers are felted and also woolly with white hairs, with characteristic bloom consisting of five to six small yellow flower heads (5 mm) surrounded by leaflets in star form. The flowers are in bloom between July and September. It is unequally distributed and prefers rocky limestone places at 2000–2900 m altitude. It is not toxic, and has been used traditionally in folk medicine as a remedy against abdominal and respiratory diseases. The dense hair appears to be an adaption to high altitudes, protecting the plant from cold, aridity and UV radiation.
Edelweiss is a protected plant in many countries, including Mongolia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Switzerland, France, Italy, Germany, Spain (Ordesa National Park), Slovakia (Tatra National Park), Slovenia (in Gorizia and Gradisca since 1896, in Carniola since 1898), Austria (since 1886) and Romania (since 1933).
It usually grows in inaccessible places, which is why it is associated in many countries of the alpine region with mountaineering. Its white colour is considered a symbol of purity, and holds a Latin as well as Romanian name, floarea reginei (Queen's flower).
Pricop I. Emilian, 2009, STUDIUL FLOREI DIN BAZINUL MIJLOCIU AL BISTRIŢEI (JUD. NEAMŢ) IN VEDEREA EVALUARII UTILITATILOR IN FITOTERAPIE ALE UNOR SPECII, UNIVERSITATEA „ALEXANDRU IOAN CUZA” IAŞI FACULTATEA DE BIOLOGIE, SECŢIA BIOLOGIE, specializarea: Biodiversitatea si productivitatea ecosistemelor, lucrare de dizertatie (iunie 2009).
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