NEWROZ PĪROZ BE!
|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|For all my friends!..|
Newroz or Nūroj (Kurdish: نهورۆز/Newroz/Nūroj, also: Gulus Kurdish: گوڵوس) refers to the celebration of the traditional Iranian new year holiday of Newroz in Kurdish society. The festival of Nowruz is celebrated throughout the countries of the Middle East and Central Asia such as in Iran, Azerbaijan and Afghanistan. Newroz is also celebrated by some communities in Pakistan and Turkey. In Kurdish legend, the holiday celebrates the deliverance of the Kurds from a tyrant, and it is seen as another way of demonstrating support for the Kurdish cause. The celebration coincides with the spring equinox which falls mainly on 21 March  and the festival is held usually between 18 and 24 March. The festival currently has an important place in the terms of Kurdish identity for the majority of Kurds, mostly in Turkey and Syria. Though celebrations vary, people generally gather together to welcome the coming of spring; people wear coloured clothes and dance together.
Story of Zahak
In The Meadows of Gold by Muslim historian Masudi, and Shahnameh, a poetic opus written by the Persian poet Ferdowsi around 1000 AD, and Sharafnameh by the medieval Kurdish historian Sherefxan Bidlisi, Zahhak was an evil king who conquered Iran and had serpents growing from his shoulders. Zahak's rule lasted for one thousand years. During this time, two young men were sacrificed daily and their brains were offered to Zahhak's serpents in order to alleviate his pain. However, the man who was in charge of sacrificing the two young men every day would instead kill only one man a day and mix his brains with that of a sheep in order to save the other man. As discontent grew against Zahhak's rule, a nobleman planned a revolt led by Kaveh (also known as Kawa), a blacksmith (cf. Ossetian Kurdalęgon), who had lost six sons to Zahhak. The young men who had been saved from the fate of being sacrificed (who according to the legend were ancestors of the Kurds ) were trained by Kaveh into an army that marched to Zahhak's castle where Kaveh killed the king with a hammer. Eventually Kaveh was instated as the new Fereydun king. The root of this story goes back to ancient Iranian legends. According to Evliya Ēelebi, the district (sancak) of Merkawe in Shahrazur (Sharazur) is named after Kaveh. The 12th century geographer Yaqoot Hamawi, mentions Zor son of Zahhak (Aji Dahak) as founder of the famous city of Sharazor.
Death of Dehak and spring
According to Kurdish myth, Kaveh (written as Kawa in Kurdish), lived for 2,500 years under the tyranny of Zahhak, an Assyrian who is named Zuhak or Dehak by the Kurds. Dehak's evil reign caused spring to no longer come to Kurdistan. March 20 is traditionally marked as the day that Kawa defeated Dehak. He is then said to have set fire to the hillsides to celebrate the victory and summon his supporters; subsequently spring returned to Kurdistan the next day.
In some of the present Kurdish versions of the story of Zahhak and Kawa, there is no mention of Fereydun. Although in the Ahl-e Haqq (Yarsan) Kurdish tradition, Kawa rebelled against Zahak and helped Fereydun bound Zahak in Damavand.
This legend is now used by the Kurds to remind themselves that they are a different, strong people, and the lighting of the fires has since become a symbol of freedom.
siggi, joska, maaciejka, brech has marked this note useful
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- [2011-03-21 1:17]
This is a beautiful flower which you have captured with sharp focusing and fine detail. Bright colours. and good use of light. I like the way the BG is dark.
Best regards Siggi
- [2011-03-21 1:46]
Splendid photo of this beautiful Flower and useful descriptions, TFS!
well seen and well done. best regards
Ciao Durzan. Exciting artistic one in excellent contrast and beautiful light.
Durzan - a perfect reflection. Fine details of the pic and good use of light in just too great. tfs
very nice compo with good details and lovely colours
very nice photo. Very simple - but beautiful. Nice reflection in water. Thanks for very interestin note.
Intersecting note and excellent photo.
Ciao Durzan, lovely composition with beautiful flowers, fantastic reflections, beautiful natural colors, splendid light and excellent sharpness, very well done my friend, ciao Silvio
- [2011-03-21 17:37]
Hi Durzan,what a beautiful way to take this little water flower! I like a lot the perfection of your pic and the very nice idea,composition and reflections.Thanks for share,have a nice day,Luciano
- [2012-11-06 13:57]
selam Durzan,bu güzel su bitkisi bir düğün ēiēeği(ranunculus sphaerospermus).