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PULMONARIA


PULMONARIA
Photo Information
Copyright: Marius Secan (marius-secan) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2007 W: 0 N: 5412] (29598)
Genre: Plants
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2011-04-02
Categories: Flowers
Camera: Nikon D300, NIKON AF-S 105 mm f/2,8 G IF-ED VR II
Exposure: f/13.0, 1/20 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2011-04-05 10:57
Viewed: 2750
Points: 50
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
PULMONARIA

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

The lungworts are the genus Pulmonaria of flowering plants in the family Boraginaceae, native to Europe and western Asia, with one species (P. mollissima) east to central Asia. According to various estimates there may be between 10 and 18 Pulmonaria species found in the wild, but the taxonomy of this genus is very confusing.

The scientific name Pulmonaria is derived from Latin pulmo (the lung). In the times of sympathetic magic, the spotted oval leaves of P. officinalis were thought to symbolize diseased, ulcerated lungs, and so were used to treat pulmonary infections. The common name in many languages also refers to lungs, as in English "lungwort" and German "Lungenkraut". In some East European languages, the common name is derived from a word for honey, e.g. Russian "medunitza" and Polish "miodunka".

English colloquial names include Lungwort, Soldiers and Sailors, Spotted dog, Joseph and Mary, Jerusalem Cowslip, Bethlehem Sage.

Lungworts are perennial herbs that form clumps or rosettes. They are covered in hairs of varied length and stiffness, and sometimes also bear glands. The underground parts consist of a slowly creeping rhizome with adventitious roots. Flowering stems are unbranched, rough, covered with bristly hairs, usually not exceeding 25–30cm, with a few exceptions (P. mollis, P. vallarsae). The stems are usually upright, or slightly spreading.

The leaves are arranged in rosettes. The blades are usually large, from narrowly lanceolate to oval, with the base ranging from heart shaped to very gradually narrowing, and can have a sharply pointed or blunt tip. Leaf margin is always entire, but in some species and forms can be rather wavy. Basal leaves are carried on stalks that can be short or longer than the leave blade in various species. Stem leaves are smaller and often narrower, and are unstalked or clasping the stem. All leaves are covered with hairs that are usually bristly, or occasionally soft. The leaves are often prominently spotted in black and blue, or sometimes in pale green, or unspotted.


The inflorescence is a terminal scorpioid cyme, with bracts. Lungwort flowers are heterostylous, with two distinct forms of flower within each species; those with short stamens and long styles ("pin" flowers) and those with long stamens and short styles ("thrum" flowers), with the former usually being larger and more showy. The calyx is hairy, 5-lobed, tubular or funnel-shaped, enlarging as the fruit ripens. The corolla is funnel-shaped and consists of a long, cylindrical tube and a limb with five shallow lobes. Within the corolla throat, five tufts of hairs alternate with the stamens to form a ring. The colour of corolla varies from purple, violet or blue to shades of pink and red, or sometimes white. The colour of the flower in bud is often pink, which then changes as the flower matures. The stamens and style are included within the corolla and not protruding.

The nutlets are smooth, egg-shaped, brownish, up to 4.5 mm long and 3 mm wide, each containing a single seed. Up to four nutlets per flower are produced, ripening mostly in summer.

Pulmonaria species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species. These include the case-bearer Coleophora pulmonariella which feeds exclusively on P. saccharata, and the moth Ethmia pusiella which has been recorded on P. offininale.

maaciejka, bungbing, Argus, maurydv, cirano, nikosrio, jeanpaul, brech, anel, paolo49, vanda, Pitoncle, uleko has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • joska Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 806 W: 0 N: 4092] (22535)
  • [2011-04-05 10:59]

Buna Marius,
Splendida fotografie, claritatea si culori excelente, compozitie buna, felicitari!

Hi Marius,
really nice flowers of spring. Perfect point of view. Amazing colours. Suitable background.
Very good sharpness.
Thanks for sharing,
Maciek

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2011-04-05 11:06]

Hello Marius,
a beauty, impressive colors with fine sharpness create a beautiful photo!
Best regards Siggi

Ciao Marius. Excelelnte DOF/sharp here and brilliant colours. Very well done.

Roberto

Hello Marius,
Beautiful spring flowers, the composition and lovely colours,
Thanks for sharing,
Regards,
Bungbing.

Buna Marius,
Imi plac la aceasta imagine culorile si compozitia; fundalul neclar evidentiaza floarea.
Numai bine,
Mircea

  • Great 
  • horias Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 837 W: 58 N: 2084] (11033)
  • [2011-04-05 11:57]

Marius
O noua captura superba!
Detalii si culori de invidiat!
Felicitari!
Horia

  • Great 
  • Argus Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5038 W: 260 N: 15594] (50626)
  • [2011-04-05 12:47]

Hello Marius,
A very fine portrait of Pulmonaria flowers.
The composition with its leaves, colours, sharpnss where in focus and diffuse contrasting BG contribute to an excellent illustration of this species in flower.
Thanks and kind regards,
Ivan

Hi Marius,

Fabulous colours and detail in this Pulmonaria flower image, lovely out of focus background and great sharpness, congratulations Marius and TFS,
Best Regards,

Pauly.

Hallo Marius,
a very beautiful picture of this delicate flower, good sharpness, fantastic colours, nice composition
TFS
Best regards
Maurizio

  • Great 
  • cirano Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 997 W: 0 N: 944] (13609)
  • [2011-04-05 14:15]

Hello Marius,
Very nice macro of this beautiful flower in great composition,fine POV and excellent details.TFS.
Regards,
Dûrzan

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2011-04-05 14:21]

Hello Marius,
Excellent photo of these flowers in very beautiful colours and great sharpness, details and DOF. Taken from a very good POV with a beautiful blurred BG.
Regards,
Peter

  • Great 
  • ana974 Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 477 W: 48 N: 968] (4857)
  • [2011-04-05 15:03]

Dear Marius,
Lovely pic indeed, my friend! Nice colors and lovely composition!TFS
Regards from,
aNa

Hello Marius,
beautiful picture, nice composition,fine POV,very sharp details, nice colors and light
TFS, regards,
Nikos.

No era fácil captar esas delicadas y pequeñas flores debido a su finura,
textura y color... pero lo conseguiste. Buen trabajo Marius: Josep Ignasi.

Hi Marius
Belle présentation de cette belle macro ,les couleurs et la netteté sont très bonnes, belle composition
J'apprécie les belles fleurs
au revoir et merci....JP

  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2011-04-06 0:53]

Hello Marius,
The other day Lou showed a white Pulmonaria, now you present the usual color, which is striking too. I love these shades of blue, purple and pink they have and which we can see on your picture. Powerful composition and excellent sharpness on the upper range of the flowers.
Kind regards
Anne

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2011-04-06 3:12]

Hi Marius,very impressive macro,i like a lot the colors so perfects and the beautiful details,great pov too...another pearl in your springtime's flowers gallery.Thanks for share,have a nice day,Luciano

  • Great 
  • nagraj Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1618 W: 106 N: 3208] (15166)
  • [2011-04-06 6:25]

Hi,
Lovely flowers with excellent blues, well captured, wish the foreground flowers too in focus. tfs.
nagraj.v

Hello Marius, very beautiful light that filters through the petals of these flowers. There are also excellent image detail. Hello, Paul

hello Marius
very good sharpness and good details
the colours are beautyful
very nice composition
greeting lou

Hello Marius
Beautiful photo with very good composition and impressive sharpness. The colours are fantastic.
Regards,
Christodoulos

  • Great 
  • vanda Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 338 W: 25 N: 754] (3673)
  • [2011-04-06 10:36]

Hi Marius!
Lovely composition. Splendid light and impressive details.
Fabulous BG, which makes the subject stand out very well.
Congratulations my friend.
ciao! vanda

Bonjour Marius,
Compte tenu des difficultés que j'ai pour photographier ce sujet je ne peux que m'extasier devant ta publication remarquable, sous une belle lumière, pour la finesse de ses détails et la délicatesse de ses couleurs.
A bientôt sur TN pour de nouvelles aventures.
Gérard

  • Great 
  • uleko Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3396 W: 172 N: 3310] (10940)
  • [2011-04-10 9:25]

Hello Marius,
I love these flowers that also attracts butterflies! A very nice composition showing natural colours of the flowers and fine sharp details. A fine soft background too that makes the colours stand out.
Many thanks and regards,Ulla

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