<< Previous Next >>

Pararge aegeria

Pararge aegeria
Photo Information
Copyright: Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2011-04-19
Categories: Insects
Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC HX1
Exposure: f/4.5, 1/2000 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2011-04-20 4:17
Viewed: 2311
Favorites: 2 [view]
Points: 60
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Class: Insecta

Order: Lepidoptera

(unranked): Rhopalocera

Superfamily: Papilionoidea

Family: Nymphalidae

Subfamily: Satyrinae

Tribe: Elymniini

Subtribe: Parargina

Genus: Pararge

Species: P. aegeria

The Speckled Wood (Pararge aegeria) is a butterfly found in and on the borders of woodland throughout much of Europe. In Northern and Eastern Europe where subspecies P. a. tircis occurs it is brown with pale yellow or cream spots and darker upperwing eyespots. In southwestern Europe the subspecies P. a. aegeria has a colour which is more orange in the background; the hindwing underside eyespots are reddish brown rather than black or dark gray. The two forms gradually intergrade into each other. The speckled wood also occurs in North Africa and on the Atlantic island of Madeira. Molecular studies suggest that the African and Madeiran populations are closely related and distinct from European populations of both subspecies, suggesting that Madeira was colonized from Africa and that the African population has a long history of isolation from European populations.
Females have brighter and more distinct markings than males. The wingspan of both males and females is 4–4.5 cm, although males tend to be slightly smaller than females. Males are highly territorial and will defend their territory against intruding males. For finding females, there exist 2 basic strategies: Some males will vigorously defend a perch and the immediate surroundings, waiting for females to pass by. Others will patrol a larger territory.
Males have either 3 or 4 upper hindwing eyespots. The fourth spot shows only in flight. It appears that the 4-spotted morph tends towards patrolling behaviour to finds mates. This agrees with the probable function of the eyespots to entice predators like birds to aim for the wing margin (which may be damaged without much affecting the butterfly) rather than the body. On the other hand, habitat is apparently a major factor influencing mate-finding strategy: perching behavior is more common in males of conifer woodland, whereas males of meadows tend towards patrolling behavior.
The caterpillar is green with a short, forked tail and feeds on various species of grass including Yorkshire Fog. The chrysalis (pupa) is green or dark brown. The species is unique in its ability to overwinter in two totally separated developmental stages, as pupae or as half-grown larvae. This leads to a complicated pattern of several adult flights per year.

Satiro di media grandezza (apertura alare 40-50 mm), con colore di fondo giallo-arancio e disegni scuri a scacchiera. Superiormente, le ali anteriori presentano un piccolo ocello apicale, le posteriori tre ocelli forniti di pupilla. Le parti inferiori hanno disegni confusi su di un fondo giallo-verdastro. Sessi simili, a parte la vistosa macchia androconiale dei maschi.

Sverna allo stadio larvale (talvolta anche come pupa) e da marzo inizia una serie di generazioni che si protraggono fino ad ottobre. Il bruco è verde-giallastro con una banda medio-dorsale verde-scura e due appendici anali bianche; sue piante nutrici sono Graminacee di vario genere (Agropyron, Dactylis, Poa, Triticum ecc.). Le crisalidi sono di tipo sospeso.

Distribuzione ed ecologia
Il suo areale si estende dall'Europa all'Asia centrale; presente anche in Nordafrica ed Asia Minore. In Europa è diffusa ovunque, tranne Scandinavia settentrionale, ed è in espansione nelle isole britanniche. Specie comune nel comprensorio, particolarmente legata ad ambienti ombrosi o umidi, come prati prospicienti a bacini lacustri.

anel, bungbing, Emi_1987, PaulLees, joska, CeltickRanger, marius-secan, Dis. Ac., maaciejka, nicozanghi, siggi, paolo49, manuel75, brech, mvdisco has marked this note useful
Only registered TrekNature members may rate photo notes.
Add Critique [Critiquing Guidelines] 
Only registered TrekNature members may write critiques.
ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To mwmod99: ....lousat 1 04-21 14:34
To vanda: ....lousat 1 04-20 14:52
To ana974: thanks!lousat 1 04-20 14:21
You must be logged in to start a discussion.

Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2011-04-20 4:23]

Bonjour Luciano,
Ohhh..imposssible de faire mieux!! on voit presque chaque écaille de ce joli papillon des bois. Parfait, vraiment. Et la pose, adorable. Toutes mes félicitations pour cette excellente image.
Bon après-midi

Hi Luciano,
Brilliant capture, very sharp details, beautiful colours and excellent focus on the butterfly, good composition and point of view,
Thanks for sharing,

Hello Luciano
Beautiful details, colors and light, a well composed shot and educative note. Well done and thanks for sharing!
Regards Hedesan

Hi Luciano,

Well well what a awesome macro shot of The Speckled Wood Butterfly you have shared with us today my friend,
Fabulous sharpness and great detail throughout, lovely natural colours and good use of fill in flash,
This picture is of such high quality Luciano,
Congratulations and well done,
Best Regards,


Caio Luciano. Impresinanti dettaglio e nitidezza con eccellente contrasto. Resa dei colori ottimale.


Excellent detailed photograph against a nice background. regards yiannis

  • Great 
  • joska Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 806 W: 0 N: 4092] (22535)
  • [2011-04-20 7:33]

Hi Luciano,
perfect photo of this Butterfly,very good sharp and colorful details, TFS!

Salut Luciano

Excellente et très belle photo en macro de ce papillon,
superbe POV, DOF et j'aime le cadrage serré de cette image,
comme d'habitude superbe focus netteté et détails, TFS


Hello Luciano,
Perfect details, lovely natural colors and amazing sharpness.
What a catch.....Nice composition and perfect POV.

Hello Luciano,

an very good image from this butterfly with exellent sharpness and low pov.
Great details and blurred bg.
fine colors.


Hi Luciano,
very nice background to this butterfly. POV and DOF excellent. Nice colours. Great composition.
Thanks for sharing,

  • Great 
  • egres Silver Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 44 W: 2 N: 144] (754)
  • [2011-04-20 8:58]

Hello Luciano

Thank you for sharing that beautiful photo of that butterfly. The image is very sharp and the background perfect. In my opinion, the note is somewhat too long. Just a reference to wikipedia woul be enough.

This does not change anything to the quality of you photo.

regards from Québec


Another GREAT photo Luciano!! The composition and the colours are excellent. The sharpness is perfect.

Ciao Luciano, tra te e Roberto la gara verso la perfezione è aperta, meglio di così non si può, fantastica macro, nitidezza assoluta e dettagli impressionanti, magnifici colori naturali e splendida luce, capolavoro, bravissimo, ciao Silvio

hello Luciano
great sharpness and good details
very nice pose and beautiful colours
greeting lou

Ciao Luciano!
Bella cattura ottimi i dettagli, belli i colori naturali.
Buona la nitidezza e anche la foglia di sfondo.
Ciao grazie Nico,

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2011-04-20 10:31]

Hello Luciano.
This is superb looking butterfly. The sharpness and details are well written all over the body in a well perched position. Well done and best regards Siggi

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2011-04-20 10:32]

Hello Luciano,
Fantastic photo of this butterfly in brilliant sharpness and details. Taken from a perfect POV in an excellent composition. Beautiful natural colours.

A veces da más trabajo captar una sola especie que cinco a la vez ( en referncia a mi último trabajo ) !

Tu mariposa preciosa y con un gran enfoque. Pudiste acercar y acercar y acercar sin perder apenas calidad. Buen color y posadero inmejorable.

Saludos y buen fin de semana Luciano: Josep Ignasi.

Ciao Luciano, un'altro capolavoro questa immagine, luce e dettagli veramente super, una ripresa perfetta sotto tutti i punti di vista. un'altra immagine da favola. Ciao Paolo

Hello dear Luciano!
This is a really Photo with big P ! Amazing sharpness and great POV. The BG is also very good! In a word : GORGEOUS! TFS
Nice evening,

Ciao Silvio,
Altissimo il livello di dettaglio raggiunto sull'intera farfalla e bellissimi i colori naturali.
La composizione, grazie alla splendida foglia, è perfetta per esaltare i contorni del soggetto.

  • Great 
  • vanda Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 338 W: 25 N: 754] (3673)
  • [2011-04-20 14:42]
  • [+]

Ciao Luciano!
S T R A O R D I N A R I A!!
Veramente impressionanti i dettagli e le sfumature di colore.
Eccellente anche lo sfondo :))
ciao e buona notte! Vanda

hello Luciano, excellent close up, with fine sharpness and colors performance!
regards Nasos

Another winner we have here ...no doubt! Bravo Luciano Gollini!
Happy Easter my friend!
George Veltchev

Hello Luciano,
This is IN my face and I love the presence! Fabulous colours, textures, patterns and composition! Wonderful quality. Wishing you a blessed Easter period.

  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2011-04-22 2:04]

Hello Luciano,
superb view of this close up. Exciting special brownish pattern.
Stunning details of fine hairs well shown and the view is simple.
Nicely composed!


  • Great 
  • cirano Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 997 W: 0 N: 944] (13609)
  • [2011-04-22 7:41]

Hello Luciano,
A very good macro shot with excellent sharpness and splendid details.The POV and colors are wonderful.Have a nice day.

Bonjour Luciano, Ciao,
Rien à redire ..elle est parfaite cette photo!!
superbe couleurs et détails dans la netteté,
excellente composition et présentation.
de toute beauté..
tous mes complimenti..

Bonjour Luciano,

Splendid close-up. Sharpness is excellent, shoting it sideways was a good decision to maintain sharpness. We can see very fine details in its wings, fill flash is well controled, I like the square format and the tight cropping. Great shot and TFS.


molto, molto bella, complimenti Luciano ! io non sono riuscito avviccinarmi cosi', mi mancano i dettagli , pero' in compenso e molto ambientata, anzi sono perche' ne ho fatto tantissime foto con questa splendida farfallina,

comploimenti ancora,

ciao, tino

Calibration Check