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Muraenidae


Muraenidae
Photo Information
Copyright: Lucas Aguilar (laguilar) Silver Note Writer [C: 0 W: 0 N: 63] (213)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2011-05-21
Categories: Fish
Camera: Canon Powershot SX210IS
Exposure: f/3.1, 1/4 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2011-09-21 23:04
Viewed: 3296
Points: 0
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note [Spanish]
Muraenidae


MORAY EEL


Moray eels are cosmopolitan eels of the family Muraenidae. The approximately 200 species in 15 genera are almost exclusively marine, but several species are regularly seen in brackish water and a few, for example the freshwater moray (Gymnothorax polyuranodon) can sometimes be found in freshwater. With a maximum length of 11.5 centimetres (4.5 in), the smallest moray is likely the Snyder's moray (Anarchias leucurus), while the longest species, the slender giant moray (Strophidon sathete) reaches up to 4 metres (13 ft). The largest in terms of total mass is the giant moray (Gymnothorax javanicus), which reaches almost 3 metres (9.8 ft) and can weigh over 36 kilograms (79 lb).

They inhabit tropical and subtropical waters around the world, home to coral reefs, allowing serpiforme appearance thanks to stalk their prey from the cracks.

Usually lack pectoral and pelvic fins, the dorsal born in the back of the head and extends across the back, connecting with the flow. The head is long, equipped with powerful jaws adapted to the dam. The eyes are small, like the gills. Lack scales, and the mucus that covers the body is toxic in many species. The color is uneven to promote crypsis.

They are voracious predators, feeding on other fish, cephalopods and crustaceans. Other morays and groupers are among their few predators.

It has a snakelike body that can grow to 150 cm.

They are usually very aggressive, even though their bite is not poisonous itself is very painful.


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