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Hystrix africaeaustralis


Hystrix africaeaustralis
Photo Information
Copyright: Lucas Aguilar (laguilar) Silver Note Writer [C: 0 W: 0 N: 63] (213)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2011-01-15
Categories: Mammals
Camera: Canon Powershot SX210IS
Exposure: f/5.9, 1/25 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2011-10-04 21:56
Viewed: 3634
Points: 0
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note [Spanish]
Hystrix africaeaustralis


SOUTHERN AFRICAN PORCUPINE


Class: Mammals.
Order: Rodents.
Family: Historical.
Length: 60-80 cm.
Weight: 18-25 kg
Habitat: arid steppes.
Distribution: South Africa.
Food: Vegetarian.
Gestation: 93-105 days.
Camada: 1 to 4 offspring.
Longevity: 15-20 years.

Description
Rodents are the most striking because of its thorny coat. We find the types of hairs and spines different from soft woolly hairs up adjustable spikes, long and rigid, with frequencies banded in black and white, flattened bristles through thick bristles and long but very elastic. The spines of the group to write back are particularly thick and long. Some spikes can reach 7 mm in diameter and 40 cm in length.

Food

From vegetarian diet, feeding on roots, tubers, grains, fruits and bark of fallen trees. May occasionally eat carrion.

Reproduction

The mating season is in spring after a gestation of 93 to 105 days the female gives birth to 1 to 4 offspring. The young are born without bones, which start out on the third day. Do not leave the nest, following her mother out at night, until the teeth are hardened. They are weaned at 2 months. At the age of one sexually mature.

Customs and social life

Is not aggressive and tend to live alone or in small family clans, in burrows in the day wears on, going out to eat at night. His most developed sense is smell. Lions, leopards, hyenas, big birds of prey and man are their main enemies, although not easy prey, and that if necessary up the spikes, growls, hisses, kicks its legs to intimidate his opponent. If the enemy withdraws decision approaches with ramming with thorns, in doing so emit spikes that can cut into his opponent.


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