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Amanita muscaria for psychoactive use


Amanita muscaria for psychoactive use
Photo Information
Copyright: Helmut Roos (buscape) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 355 W: 20 N: 1518] (7615)
Genre: Fungi
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2012-09-27
Categories: Fungi
Camera: Nikon D 800E, AF-S Micro Nikkor 105mm 1:2.8G VR, Nikon TC14EII
Exposure: f/5.6, 1/40 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Theme(s): Fly Agaric - Amanita muscaria 2. [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2012-10-28 5:38
Viewed: 2213
Points: 38
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
English:

Class: Agaricomycetes; Order: Agaricales; Family: Amanitaceae; Genus: Amanita; Species: Amanita muscaria var. muscaria

Psychoactive use:
Siberia:
Amanita muscaria was widely used as an entheogen by many of the indigenous peoples of Siberia. Its use was known among almost all of the Uralic-speaking peoples of western Siberia and the Paleosiberian-speaking peoples of the Russian Far East. However, there are only isolated reports of A. muscaria use among the Tungusic and Turkic peoples of central Siberia and it is believed that entheogenic use of A. muscaria was largely not a practice of these peoples. In western Siberia, the use of A. muscaria was restricted to shamans, who used it as an alternate method of achieving a trance state. (Normally, Siberian shamans achieve a trance state by prolonged drumming and dancing.) In eastern Siberia, A. muscaria was used by both shamans and laypeople alike, and was used recreationally as well as religiously. In eastern Siberia, the shaman would consume the mushrooms, and others would drink his urine. This urine, still containing psychoactive elements, may actually be more potent than the A. muscaria mushrooms with fewer negative effects, such as sweating and twitching, suggesting that the initial user may act as a screening filter for other components in the mushroom. The Koryak of eastern Siberia have a story about the fly agaric (wapaq) which enabled Big Raven to carry a whale to its home. In the story, the deity Vahiyinin ("Existence") spat onto earth, and his spittle became the wapaq, and his saliva becomes the warts. After experiencing the power of the wapaq, Raven was so exhilarated that he told it to grow forever on earth so his children, the people, could learn from it. Among the Koryak, one report held the poor would consume the urine of the wealthy, who could afford to buy the mushrooms.

Source: Wikipedia

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Deutsch:

Klasse: Agaricomycetes; Ordnung: Blätterpilze; Familie: Knollenblätterpilzartige; Gattung: Wulstlinge; Art: Fliegenpilz

Der Fliegenpilz als Rauschmittel:
Traditioneller Gebrauch bei sibirischen Völker:
Der Fliegenpilz wurde und wird in manchen Kulturen als Rauschmittel verwendet. Seit Jahrtausenden sammeln ihn die Schamanen einiger sibirischer Völker (nachgewiesen bei Wogulen, Ostjaken, Kamtschadalen) wegen seiner ekstase-auslösenden Eigenschaft. Der Fliegenpilz gilt bei einigen dieser Völker als das materiell gewordene göttliche Fleisch, das den Konsumenten mit der spirituellen Welt verschmelzen lässt. Bei den Kamtschadalen war neben dem schamanistischen auch der hedonistische Gebrauch üblich. Eine Variante bei indigenen sibirischen Völkern besteht darin, den Urin des Schamanen zu trinken, nachdem dieser Fliegenpilz konsumiert hat. Sinnvoll ist diese Praxis deshalb, weil der Wirkstoff Ibotensäure zu Muscimol abgebaut und zum größten Teil unverändert durch den Urin ausgeschieden wird. Ibotensäure ist giftiger und hat eine geringere Rauschwirkung als Muscimol. Dieser Vorgang kann drei- bis viermal wiederholt werden. Das Urintrinken gilt als weniger gefährlich als der Konsum des Pilzes selbst, da die enthaltenen Gifte wie Muscarin vom Körper erst abgebaut und dann ausgeschieden werden.

Quelle: Wikipedia

samiran88, Marco2010, marius-secan, maaciejka, CeltickRanger, anel has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Ciao Helmut, lovely couple of beautiful fungi, great sharpness, wonderful natural colors and splendid light, very well done, my friend, have a good Sunday, ciao Silvio

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2012-10-28 7:14]

Hello Helmut.
Very nice, autumnal picture. Warm colours look very good, same as composition with two fungi. Slightly dangerous but still beautifull.Regards Siggi

hello Helmut,
wonderful picture very artistic. sharp, true colour.... very nice.
am like the way you present this picture, very very pleasant.
back ground bokeh makes this picture beautiful.
best wishes,
samiran

hello Helmut
great picture with good composition
the sharpness and colours are beautiful


Helmut do you knowe the name Fliegenpilz came from?
In holland whe take the head of and lay it on a plate with Milk
when the fly eat from the milk they go dead
thanks greeting lou

Ciao Helmut.
Bella e caratteristica foto di questi due funghi,splendida composizione,e una esuberante nitidezza ottimi i dettagli,stupendi i colori complimenti.
Ciao Marco.

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2012-10-28 9:14]

Hello Helmut,
Very nice photo of these Fly Agaric in beautiful light and colours, great atmosphere with this background. Taken from a very good low POV in excellent sharpness.
Regards,
Peter

Hello Helmut,
Once again a wonderful photo taken from a very good angle and POV. Exceptional quality....Outstanding sharp details. Outstanding colors and perfect focus. I have never seen in the wild this colorful species of fungus, only in movies.
Thanks for sharing!
Marius.

Hi Helmut,
beautiful colours and point of view. Great shot! Perfect composition. Many details.
Have a nice evening,
Maciek

GREAT photo Helmut! Excellent POV, interesting composition and impressive sharpness! The BG, the lighting and the colours are fantastic!!
Regards,
Christodoulos

  • Great 
  • iti Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 577 W: 0 N: 650] (7939)
  • [2012-10-28 12:43]

Hi Helmut,
Fabulous as of fairy tales. Nice colours and details.
Regards,Jiri.

  • Great 
  • Cobo Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 236 W: 1 N: 535] (5799)
  • [2012-10-28 13:04]

Great picture, I like the presentation and background. Very good. Congratulation.

Hello Helmut

Beautiful photo of these mushrooms, fine POV
and love the choice of the vertical framing,
great focus, sharpness and details, TFS

Asbed

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2012-10-28 14:35]

Hi Helmut,the composition of this pic is really fantastic.What a idea the mushrooms below and a lot of space to this beautiful blurred background whit its lights,magnificent quality of details,colors and exposure,i like it!Have a nice week and thanks,Luciano

Lovely shot Helmut
Excellent composition with great sharpness, fine details and beautiful colors

TFS Thijs

Hi Helmut, A very good photograph with its beautiful colour and nice bokeh in the background. I like your composition very much. Congratulations! Babujayan

  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2012-10-29 1:14]

Lieber Helmut,
Irgendwie so poetisch und verträumt und dabei handelt es sich um einen giftigen Pilz oder auch ein Rauschmittel, wie Du es schreibst. Aber eben Schönheit kann auch gefährlich sein :-). Deine vertikale Bilddarstellung ist gekonnt ausgewählt, die Farbtupfer auf dem Hintergrund tragen auch zur Attraktivität des Bildes zu.
Gut gemacht Helmut!
Herzlich grüsst
Anne

Ciao Helmut. Details and DOF perfect. Wonderful colours against the exciting BG.

Roberto

Hi Helmut,
Great experiment with the unusual composition. Likeable shot.
Regards, László

  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2013-02-26 4:15]

Hello Helmut
such a pretty fungi and the colors are exciting to note. The framing is so special and I like the blurry background.
Nice creative composition.

regards
Foozi

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