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European Coot (Fulica atra L.)

European Coot (Fulica atra L.)
Photo Information
Copyright: philippe hornus (amanengone) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 188 W: 54 N: 412] (2113)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2014-07-08
Categories: Birds
Camera: Olympus OM D EM1, Zuiko 50-200mm - 1:2.8-3.5
Exposure: f/4, 1/400 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Map: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2016-11-04 10:56
Viewed: 1500
Points: 5
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note [French]
Fulica atra ((Linnaeus, 1758)
European cot

Scientific classification

• Kingdom : Animalia
• Phylum : Chordata
• Sub-phylum : Vertebrata
• Class : Aves
• Sub-class : Neornithes
• Order : Gruiformes
• Family : Rallidae
• Sub-family :
• Genus : Fulica

Phylogenetic classification

• Biota / Eucaryotes / ……… / Métazoaires / ……….. / Bilatériens / Deuterostomiens / ………….. / Chordés / ………….. / ………….. / Vertébrés / …………… / …………… / Sarcoptérigyens / …………… / …………… / Amniotes / Sauropsides / ……………. / Archosauriens / Aves / …………… / …………… / Coronaves / …………… / …………… / ……………. / Gruiformes / Rallidae / Fulica

This is the Eurasian Coot, willingly a little rowdy noisy bird that moves frequently. It can be met especially in the reede marshes.

Brief description of the bird

The general appearance is "rounded" and compact. The spheriac head is a black more pronounced than the rest of the black soot approaching a dark gray body, . The beak is ivory and there is a white faceplate. The tail feathers are frequently fawn. The eyes are round and red.

The nest of this bird is a large building, as can be seen in the photograph. It consists of various plant debris piled up in several centimeters of water.

The vocal repertoire of coot is varied by gender and circumstances. But the coot is a noisy bird that expresses in all circumstances of life.

Ecology and biology

It's a bird rather omnivore to vegetarian trend that may be encountered in lowland wetlands (ponds, lakes, shallow bays), dense vegetation in open areas, often close to homes and human activities which he frequently draws his food.

On search of his food, coot can dive underwater for up to 5 meters deep, the most common being 2 meters.

Extension area

Fulica atra may be encountered in Europe, Russia, Asia, North Africa and Sub Saharan Africa in the northern hemisphere (except for coastal countries), Australia and Oceania. It is rare in North America and absent from South America.

Conservation status

UCN classify Fulica atra among birds with minor concerns (in part due to the eutrophication of water bodies stagnant that he visits).


• Links

o Base de données sur les oiseaux
o Denis Lepage - Base de données sur Études d'Oiseaux Canada, partenaire canadien de Birdlife International
o Base de données de Cornell University
o Identification
o Réserve ornithologique du Pont de Gau – Camargue
o Oiseaux
o Une communauté Google sur les oiseaux
o (classification phylogénétique des Gruiformes)
o (classification phylogénétique des Rallidae)
o classification phylogénétique des Fulica
o Arbre de la vie
o L’histoire de la terre

• Further readings

o Guide ornitho – Lars Svenson / Killian Mullarney et Dan Zetterström – Éditions Delachaux et Niestlé
o Les oiseaux de France – Jean-Claude Chantelat – Solar édition
o Les oiseaux de Méditerranée – Paul Sterry – Edisud/La Compagnie des Éditions de la Lesse
o La Garrigue grandeur nature – Jean-Marie Renault – Les Création du Pélican / Vilo
o Précis de Sciences Biologiques - Zoologie / Vertébrés – P.P.Grassé et Ch.Devillers – Masson et Compagnie
o Classification phylogénétique du vivant – G.Lecointre et H.Le Guyader – Tomes 1 et 2 – Belin éditeur
o L’Encyclopédie des animaux – Jenni Bruce, Kareen MacGhee, Luba Vangelova, Richard Vogt – University of California Press (Très bon guide illustré).

• Localisation

o Date of shooting 08/07/2014 10:44:32
o Place of shooting Pont de Gau (close to « Les Saintes Maries de la Mer » - France
o Latitude 43.488660 N
o Longitude 04.404252 E

• Camera

o Objectif ZUIKO MinFocalLength 50 MaxFocalLength 200 Aperture 1: 2,8 - 3,5

• Picture Specification’s

o ImageWidth 4640
o ImageLength 3472
o BitsPerSample 16
o Compression Uncompressed
o Orientation Horizontal

• Shooting condition’s

o Light source Fine weather
o Metering mode Center weighted average
o Picture mode Vivid
o Exposure mode Shuter priority
o Focus mode Manual
o Focus process AF not used
o Aperture f/4.0
o ExposureTime 1/400
o ISO Speed Rating 200
o FocalLength 123
o White Balance Temp 5300°K (Fine weather)
o Noise Reduction 0
o Shading Compensation off
o Contrast 0
o Saturation High
o Sharpness Hard
o Mode image Vivid

Post treatement

• Developpment of the raw file Olympus (*.orf) with DxO OpticsPro 11

• Light

o Exposition’s compensation manual – +0.25
o DxO smart lighting uniform – gentle – intensity 25
o Selective Tonality Strong lights 0 – Medium lights 0 – Shading 40 – Black deepness 0
o DxO clear view Intensity 50
o Contrast / microcontrast 0 – 60 – 0 / 0 – 49 – 0)
o Tonality curve gamma 0.80
o Vignetting Auto, detected lens oriented – Intensity 100 – Preservation 50

• Colour

o White Balance Temperature 5095 K – Teinte 0
o Colour’s Accentuation vibrance 25 saturation 15
o Colour’s rebdering Referenced camera - Intensity 100 – Saturated colours protection – 20
o TSL All channels – 0 – 0 – 0

• Details

o Noise reduction prime luminance 59 – chrominance 100 – Low frequencies 75 – Pixel
dead 25
o Lens sharpness Globale 1.51 – Détails 50 – Bokeh 50
o Chromatic aberation Auto – Side – Intensity 100 – Size 6 – Blur treated
o Sharpness Intensity 100 – Radius 2.01 – Threshold 2 – Borders 0

• Recadrage

o Horizon 0.00°
o Recadrage Manuel, sans contrainte – Rapport tailles 1/1
o Recroping area of 2382 x 2382 px off 4640 x 3472 px

Technical references

E-learning for photographie


• Processing of the .tiff file created in corel paintshop pro
• Sizing according Treaknature policy (max 800x800 – 300K)
• Framing of the picture
• Jpg conversion – compression mode normal - intensity 10 – mode YCbCr 1x1 1x1 1x1

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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To lousat: Your commentsamanengone 1 11-07 01:51
To Hotelcalifornia: Your commentsamanengone 2 11-06 04:40
To tuslaw: your commentamanengone 1 11-05 14:54
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Critiques [Translate]

Hello Philippe,
Even though it is well hidden deep in the reeds you managed to obtain a very good image of this nesting coot. The focus is sharp throughout the entire frame and the colors are true and natural. The lighting appears to have been quite harsh yet, you managed the exposure the best you could. You were able to nicely capture one of the most important aspects in photography, the beautiful eye. TFS.

Hello Philippe,
I always prefer such picture which tells us a story and here you have posted a such picture. Well captured this Coot in its natural habitat and even such difficult angle you were able to focus on its eye. But I trust one thing - all species are photogenic, but all situation isn't. Here reeds are distracting to see its facial portion which is really important in my test. Otherwise exposure and colour look great.
Thanks for sharing,
Regards and have a nice WE,
P.S - Thanks for your reply. You are very good in PP, so could finish in 15 minutes :-)

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2016-11-05 15:56]
  • [+]

Salut Philippe,une capture absolument parfaite malgre' la position impossible et les differents niveaux de la lumiere,excellente maniere de nous montrer cette espece et des notes toujours longues mais tres utiles! Bon Dimanche et merci,Luciano

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