|Copyright: DEVENDRA BHARDWAJ (DevendraBhardwa)
|Date Taken: 2002-06|
|Camera: Nikon F60, Tamron 28-300 XR|
|Exposure: f/5.3, 1/60 seconds|
|Photo Version: Original Version|
|Date Submitted: 2005-11-08 10:30|
|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|Calotropis procera |
Local name: Madaar
Description: "Spreading shrub or small tree to 4 m, exuding copious milky sap when cut or broken; leaves opposite, grey-green, large up to 15 cm long and 10 cm broad, with a pointed tip, two rounded basal lobes and no leaf stalk; flowers waxy white, petals 5, purple-tipped inside and with a central purplish crown, carried in stalked clusters at the ends of the branches; fruit grey-green, inflated, 8 to 12 cm long, containing numerous seeds with tufts of long silky hairs at one end
Propagation: "Seeds spread by wind and water over large distances. Local stands increased in size by suckering."
Use: Used in boils, and also to remove the thorn from the body.
Chemical constituents: a-and b-Amyrins (also in latex, the latter in leaves, stem, root) an alkaline phosphatase, cyanidin-3-rhamnoglucoside, cycloart-23-en-3b, 25-diol, cyclosadol, multiflorenol, procesterol, quercetin-3-rutinoside (also from leaves, stem, latex, root) b-sitosterol (also in latex), b-sitost-4-en-3-one, stigmasterol (flowers); ascorbic acid, calactin, calotoxin, calotropagenin, calotropin (all except ascorbic acid also occur in latex), polysaccharide containing D-arabinose, D-glucose, D-glucosamine and L-rhamnose, 3-proteinase (leaves) calotropain (protease), a-calotropeol, 3-epimoretenol, gigantin, giganteol, isogiganteol, a-lactuceryl acetate, a-lactuceryl isovalerate, lupeol, proceroside, proceragenin (cardenolide), syriogenin, taraxast-20(30)-en-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenoate), 3-thiazoline cardenolide, uscharidin, uscharin, uzarigenin, voruscharin (latex); benzolisolineolone, nemzoyllineolone, long-chain fatty acids, C(18) isoursane (root-bark); calactinic acid, choline and O-pyrocatechuic acid, b-sitosterol, taraxasterol, its j-isomer, taraxasteryl isovalerate, taraxasteryl acetate also occur in th plant.
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