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My 400th Post

My 400th Post
Photo Information
Copyright: Pam Russell (coasties) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3749 W: 483 N: 8155] (28054)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2005-11-06
Categories: Insects
Camera: Canon EOS 20D, Canon EF 100-400mm L IS USM, Digital RAW 200, Hoya UV 77mm
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Theme(s): Butterflies II, Swallowtails, Milestones [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2005-12-15 3:33
Viewed: 4291
Favorites: 2 [view]
Points: 72
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Citrus Swallowtail (Papilio Demoleus)

Habitat: Everywhere
Difference in Sex: Very similar
Diet: Rutaceae plant species and Citrus trees
Enemies: Parasitic Wasps

This species is known as the Citrus Swallowtail (or Lime Swallowtail) as its caterpillars feed of various plants in the citrus family. It can be a pest to citrus orchards. It has a distinct black and yellow scale pattern, especially around the base of the front wings. The hind wings each have a distinctive bright red spot and lacks the tails that give the swallowtail family their name.

Pest status: The citrus swallowtail is widespread in Namibia and found in most gardens and fields. It does not cause economical damage to fully grown trees but is known to damage young seedlings in the nursery.

Description: The eggs are laid singly on the citrus leaves. They are about one millimeter in dimameter and white. The young caterpillar has spikes and a pattern of brown, black and white coulouring that makes it look like a birds dropping. it grows to 1-1.5 cm before changing into the green type of caterpillar. The older caterpillar grows to a size of 3-4 cm and changes colour to green with white or pinkish markings. There are also eye markings on the front part. When the caterpillar is disturbed or scared, it sends out two orange "antennae" that are intended to scare away enemies. These "antennae" also emits a bad smell. They are withdrawn again once the scare is over. When the caterpillar comes to maturity, it fastens itself to a citrus branch and slowly change into a pupae. The butterfly may emerge after a week or so, depending on the temperature and humidity. The butterfly is a large swallowtail with black and yellow markings and red/blue eye spots on the hindwings. It flies all year round in gardens and fields and frequents flowers or lays eggs on citrus trees. During flight it looks more yellow than black.

Information obtained from:




Camera: Canon 20D
Time of day: 11:20 a.m.
Date: 6th November 2005
Weather conditions: Inside Tropical Butterfly House
Lens: Canon 100-400mm L IS
Filter: Hoya 77mm UV
Shutter Speed: 1/125
F-Stop: F/8
Focal Length: 400mm
ISO: 200
Original file type: Digital Raw

Luc, phlr, Janice, ellis49, fiyo, Athila, scottevers7, mjdundee, petrudamsa, samos, Mousehill, pompey, liquidsunshine, dew77, marhowie, reina, metcher, extramundi, hummingbird24, peter_stoeckl, EdWilliams has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

I love it, its absolutely perfect in my opinion. Well done Pam. :)

Hi Pam,
Congratulation on your 400th!
This is a superb picture, perfect exposure,
sharp and clear details, beautiful framing.
Very well done!

Let me congratulate you on a "Lifetime achievement TN award" Pam !
Your work is serious and consistent, great quality with exquisite taste, this photo here ain't no exception to that rule. Radu Xplorator. Keep them rolling.

  • Great 
  • phlr Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1237 W: 130 N: 882] (2821)
  • [2005-12-15 3:55]

Better its impossible!
Awesome photo!
Perfect on everything!

  • Great 
  • manyee Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3089 W: 230 N: 6774] (23770)
  • [2005-12-15 4:07]

Beautiful butterfly, Pam. Sharp details, stunning colors, great POV. Well done and TFS. : )
Congratulations on your 400th post. WOW!
I have certainly enjoyed your great photos and learned a lot from you. : )

Hi Pam, congrats for the 400th. Your butterfly isn´t a Papilio demodocus. It´s a Papilio demoleus from asia. (http://www.geocities.com/RainForest/Vines/2382/papilionidae/demoleus.htm)
Pam, this is a great photo. I like it very much. Great colours, excellent sharpness and POV. A very nice composition. Thanks for posting.

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  • red45 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2636 W: 74 N: 9091] (31094)
  • [2005-12-15 4:12]

Congratulations Pam!

Great picture to celebrate your 400th! Everything perfect.

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  • Janice Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3277 W: 148 N: 6163] (18832)
  • [2005-12-15 4:12]

Congrats Pam on your 400th...
And what an awesome butterfly to show us. He is so dainty and sharp, wonderful colours and exposure. And a perfect composition too. Well done, thankyou.

wonderfull picture, DOF, sharpness and composition perfect.
congrats !!

Przepiekne!! Nic dodaæ nic uj±æ!!

Hi Pam,
congrats on your 400th.
Well composed, lovely colours, very good POV.
Very well done.

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  • cosci Silver Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor [C: 14 W: 15 N: 3] (110)
  • [2005-12-15 5:07]

Great image Pam !
And Happy "posting" :)

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  • fiyo Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1053 W: 5 N: 3475] (15161)
  • [2005-12-15 5:47]

Hello Pam,
Excellent macro.
Lovely detail and colours,nice composition.
Nice work,very well done

Wow, Pam, what a picture to put up as your 400th. This is perfect. The composition, the focus and the BG is perfect. Well done.



Focus and exposure are excellent, composition is wonderful. Good POV. Unfortunately, it's to good to try any WS on it.
Beautiful work Pam and TFS.

Hi Pam,
Excellent shot. Flawless composition and framing. The colors are very beautiful due to a perfect exposure. Sharp detail with a perfect DOF. Congrats on 400. A superb one!

Hello Pam,
Congratulations to a brilliant No. 400.
Very nice details and framing. Perfect sharpness and light. As usual - excellent note. TFS. BIG SMILE - Thomas

I'm glad that you choosed such a beautiful one for your 400th. Congrats and hope we'll see the 4000th from you!

Regards, Petru

Hi Pam,
congratulations - this is a wonderful shot for you 400th post. This wonderful colours and the perfect sharpness - also a good POV from the side, everything is excellent.
Thanks so much, bye
Sabine - wishnugaruda

  • Great 
  • samos Gold Star Critiquer [C: 79 W: 4 N: 2] (39)
  • [2005-12-15 15:36]

Hi Pam. Congratulation on your 400th very nice photo Your work with the butterfly is perfect super framing Bravo. TFS regards Stavros

Cheers on the 400th Pam! The image you've chosen couldn't have been better to celebrate. It's an everything is perfect image! I only can image how this one will look once printed on a decent size that does it justice.

  • Great 
  • pompey Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 144 W: 4 N: 746] (2774)
  • [2005-12-15 16:23]

Simply stunning shot Pam, perfect in every way.
Thanks for sharing.

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  • klemmg Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 302 W: 40 N: 484] (1719)
  • [2005-12-15 17:04]

Congratulations !!! And you have chosen the perfect shot to celebrate too, not a nit to find. Excellent impact and technically perfect. Looking forward to the next 400 !

This is spectacular Pam,
A huge congratulations on your 400th post, what a remarkable milestone to have reached.
Good detail and colours. Great POV and sharpness.
Nicely composed and good exposure. This is going into my favourites, stand up and take a bow, that genius lady from New Zealand.
Thanks for posting. Enjoy the rest of the week.

Well done, Pam. Terrific DOF, saturation and lighting.

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  • jossim Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1538 W: 5 N: 2240] (12636)
  • [2005-12-15 19:01]


Un éclairage magique,de merveilleuses couleurs,un superbe spécimen et une grande composition.


Merci Pam

  • Great 
  • dew77 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4432 W: 248 N: 4028] (13270)
  • [2005-12-16 3:21]

Hello Pam!
Congratulations on 400th post at TN and hope to see your 4000th capture here.Wonderful close up.POV,sharpness,clear details,framing and composition are excellent.TFS...:-)

Congratulations Pam! And an excellent post to mark this accomplishment with. Very well done.

Congratulations with your excellent 400th picture on TN.
This is a very good choise for such an occasion!
Good sharpness, colours and composition!

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  • reina Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 257 W: 1 N: 330] (2032)
  • [2005-12-16 17:05]

Hi Pam, excellent! Fine details, very nice how fragile this butterfly is. Congratulations. Greetings Reina

I'm a bit late but congrats on your 400th. And what an incredible post it is. Superb sharpness, smooth creamy tones and lovely colors. Thanks for sharing this and the other 399!!

Hi Pam,
Nice close up with amazing colors and sharp and lot of details.
Well done

Hi Pam,
Only one word for every detail of this photo. Excellent.

  • Great 
  • Luc Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1835 W: 301 N: 4287] (14767)
  • [2005-12-17 21:02]

Personal assessment of the photo: excellent.
Capacity of evocation in me: strong.
Very strong visual impact.
Personal assessment of the note: complete.
Thank you very much Pam. Confratulatons for the 400th.

What a great shot. I LOVE it. Thats really really nice.


My sincere congratulations for your 400 shots.
You havo chosen a wonderful one for this ocasion.
Excellent picture in all aspects, not a nit, and I like to look for them :)
TFS. Regards, Felipe.

Hello Pam,

Congratulations on your 400th, and what a beauty it is!!!!

Absolutely perfect details, colors, lighting, BG and POV.

Thank you.

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