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Papilio Demoleus

Papilio Demoleus
Photo Information
Copyright: Pam Russell (coasties) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3749 W: 483 N: 8155] (28054)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2005-11-06
Categories: Insects
Camera: Canon EOS 10D, Tamron 28-300XR, Digital RAW 100, Hoya UV 62mm
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version, Workshop
Theme(s): Swallowtails, Butterflies with minimum 50 points & above [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2006-03-30 6:16
Viewed: 4671
Points: 60
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Citrus Swallowtail (Papilio Demoleus)

Habitat: Everywhere
Difference in Sex: Very similar
Diet: Rutaceae plant species and Citrus trees
Enemies: Parasitic Wasps

This species is known as the Citrus Swallowtail (or Lime Swallowtail) as its caterpillars feed of various plants in the citrus family. It can be a pest to citrus orchards. It has a distinct black and yellow scale pattern, especially around the base of the front wings. The hind wings each have a distinctive bright red spot and lacks the tails that give the swallowtail family their name.

Pest status: The citrus swallowtail is widespread in Namibia and found in most gardens and fields. It does not cause economical damage to fully grown trees but is known to damage young seedlings in the nursery.

Description: The eggs are laid singly on the citrus leaves. They are about one millimeter in dimameter and white. The young caterpillar has spikes and a pattern of brown, black and white coulouring that makes it look like a birds dropping. it grows to 1-1.5 cm before changing into the green type of caterpillar. The older caterpillar grows to a size of 3-4 cm and changes colour to green with white or pinkish markings. There are also eye markings on the front part. When the caterpillar is disturbed or scared, it sends out two orange "antennae" that are intended to scare away enemies. These "antennae" also emits a bad smell. They are withdrawn again once the scare is over. When the caterpillar comes to maturity, it fastens itself to a citrus branch and slowly change into a pupae. The butterfly may emerge after a week or so, depending on the temperature and humidity. The butterfly is a large swallowtail with black and yellow markings and red/blue eye spots on the hindwings. It flies all year round in gardens and fields and frequents flowers or lays eggs on citrus trees. During flight it looks more yellow than black.

Information obtained from:




Camera: Canon 10D
Time of day: 11:21 a.m.
Date: 6th November 2005
Weather conditions: Inside Tropical Butterfly House
Lens: Tamron 28 - 300mm XR Di
Filter: Hoya 62mm UV
Shutter Speed: 1/180
F-Stop: F/5.6
Focal Length: 300mm
ISO: 100
Original file type: Digital Raw

elroyie, ALIRIZA, marhowie, scottevers7, Dando, ddg, thor68, liquidsunshine, jmp, Signal-Womb, phlr, jeanpaul, hummingbird24, Luc, vrvijai has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To gerhardt: Hello Stranger!coasties 1 04-12 17:57
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Critiques [Translate]

Beautiful picture, 'delicate' composition that works well, very good quality.

Hi Pam,
Marvelous shot. Clear details, nice colors, POV, sharpness, composition and framing are magnificent.Congratulations...
Ali Rıza

Hi Pam, your butterflies are alwais beauiful.

  • Great 
  • osse Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 955 W: 0 N: 89] (7805)
  • [2006-03-30 7:03]

Hi Pam.
Another excellent photo from you.
Nice details,sharpnes.colour,composition and framing.
Well done


Hi Pam;
Excellent shot, nice and sharp detail!


This is very nice Pam. Excellent color, sharpness, exposure, POV and composed well.
Very well done!

Hi pam Another great photo. The colors are right on, the back ground, DOV, Sharpness, Just perfect, TFS Kyle

Hi Pam,
It's a beauty! The quality of light here was excellent. Nice colors and sharp detail. Your control on the DOF was perfect. Comp. and framing look great to me. Outstanding work!

  • Great 
  • pvs Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1127 W: 254 N: 3161] (14464)
  • [2006-03-30 9:42]

Hi Pam ,
Again a wonderfull macro, a delight to look at,very sharp and detailed ,and a goo BG,



Hi Pam,
this is a very good close-up.
It's a maybe a bit soft, Howard did a good WS.
Graet POV and composition. The shallow DOF is very good, the butterfly standout well from the BG. Lovely colours and light.
Great work, my friend.

  • Great 
  • Jannie Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 244 W: 6 N: 264] (1227)
  • [2006-03-30 10:14]

Great shot Pam. Very good detail, POV and colours. I like the composition and the framing looks great.

Well done

  • Great 
  • Dando Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor [C: 637 W: 32 N: 792] (3084)
  • [2006-03-30 10:18]

Hi Pam, great shot. Good exposure, detail and POV. TFS.

  • Great 
  • manyee Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3089 W: 230 N: 6774] (23770)
  • [2006-03-30 10:36]

Now that is an exquisite composition, Pam.
The horizontal layers of green and beige, with the butterfly showcased in the light colored zone... brilliant.
I also like the leaf coming out of the side that seems to "offer" the butterfly to our view.
Absolutely perfect focus, exposure, and POV.
TFS this gorgeous specimen.

Hi russell,

Great shot of this lime butterfly , have captured the same butterfly in my pic which was uploaded both closed and open wing, but never could see the orange border which is amazing in this pic.Thx for sharing this pic. Great shot



  • Great 
  • ddg Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 867 W: 24 N: 1008] (5507)
  • [2006-03-30 11:17]

Hello Pam, what a marvelous close up of Citrus Swallowtail!! Pureté de la photo sans autre sujet venant perturber le regard!! Congratulations, Didier.

  • Great 
  • thor68 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 795 W: 138 N: 1319] (5674)
  • [2006-03-30 11:52]

wow, pam, superb shot! :-)
the sharpness and details are
breathtaking, wonderful composition
and pov.
i really like how the green "flows"
in the bg.
perfect job, thor.

  • Great 
  • CDez (44)
  • [2006-03-30 13:55]

Hello Pam,
tes images sont une vraie merveille et qui donne envie partir chasser ces merveilleux insectes.
Couleur, lumière netteté avec des sujets autant rapide me laisse pantois.
Un grand bravo.

Lovely capture Pam,
Good detail, colours and sharpness.
Composition and lighting are excellent. Good POV and framing.
Thanks for posting, enjoy the rest of the week.

  • Great 
  • jmp Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1659 W: 95 N: 2273] (8415)
  • [2006-03-30 15:07]

Hi Pam,
Very elegant photo, perfect in every aspect, notes included.
José M.

Beautiful specimen Pam not a nit on this one, everything is very much to perfection here. Great work.

  • Great 
  • phlr Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1237 W: 130 N: 882] (2821)
  • [2006-03-30 16:03]

WOW Pam!
This is really GOOD!
Stunning photo of a beautiful Papilionidae!
As usual, a very good notes!
Photo above scale!
Keep on going!

Salut Pam
Magnifique photo que ce joli papillon.J'aime beaucouo tous ces détails sur les ailes du papillon
Belle présentation et beau BG
Merci et au revoir....JP

  • Great 
  • jossim Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1538 W: 5 N: 2240] (12636)
  • [2006-03-30 22:04]

Bonsoir Pam,

WoW! Excellente prise,les détails et couleurs sont parfaits.



  • Great 
  • chiliu Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1457 W: 0 N: 1176] (6526)
  • [2006-03-31 22:45]

Hi Pam,
Very nice shot on this one! Perfect composition,
very good detail and very nice colours.
Well done and thanks for sharing!

  • Great 
  • EOSF1 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1393 W: 119 N: 5267] (23955)
  • [2006-04-01 12:56]

Again a masterpiece from you Pam, everything in this picture is amazing. Congrats !


Your butterfly shots are stunning Pam, and this one is no exception, with its simple composition, excellent details, wonderful exposure, colors, and POV.

Great work, thank you for sharing them with us!

  • Great 
  • Luc Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1835 W: 301 N: 4287] (14767)
  • [2006-04-04 20:06]

Another excellent photo, Pam.
Thank you.

A nice compo and well placed subject in the frame. Sorry to hear about the 100/400. Do you have it back yet?? Very well done. Keeping well Pam?

Absolutely perfect in every way. I love this shot. The focal plane is spot on. Well done Pam. :)

Excellent picture of this great Citrus Swallowtail butterfly! The colors are bright and natural and composition works just fine! The photo is pretty sharp and with great DOF! Outstanding job! TFS!


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